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WALT: Decide how propaganda helped the Nazis How did propaganda help the Nazi Party? WILF What is propaganda? The role of censorship. Who was Josef Goebbels?

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Presentation on theme: "WALT: Decide how propaganda helped the Nazis How did propaganda help the Nazi Party? WILF What is propaganda? The role of censorship. Who was Josef Goebbels?"— Presentation transcript:

1 WALT: Decide how propaganda helped the Nazis How did propaganda help the Nazi Party? WILF What is propaganda? The role of censorship. Who was Josef Goebbels? What propaganda techniques did Goebbels use? How effective were those techniques?

2 Propaganda is best thought of as being ‘political advertising’. It is designed to get people to think and believe what you want them to. persuading Germans to believe in Nazi ideas and love their Führer convincing those hostile to the regime that the Nazis were so powerful that opposition would be futile. Propaganda has been widely used by governments to distort facts, maintain popularity and boost morale. Are there any circumstances in which a government could legitimately use propaganda? For the Nazis, this involved: What is propaganda?

3 Alongside their propaganda machine, the Nazis practised strict censorship. People who disagreed with Nazi ideas were silenced. In order to get any work published or performed in Nazi Germany, you had to be a member of the Reich Chamber of Culture. Writers, film makers and artists were denied membership if their views were un-Nazi. Books which did not fit in with Nazi doctrine were publicly burnt. Essentially, the Nazis controlled everything that the German people read, heard and saw. Censorship

4 A film about lazy gypsies who steal from the townspeople of Munich. Censor It

5 Story of a small Jewish girl who helps out his elderly German neighbour. Censor It

6 The story of a young beautiful German girl who is captured by African tribes and decides to commit suicide rather than marry the chief of the tribe. But she is later rescued. A good Nazi film

7 A story about a lazy officer who drinks too much. Censor It

8 A film about a pretty blonde German girl who gets pregnant with her German boyfriends baby and has an abortion. Censor It

9 A film about a young blonde German man who becomes the best climber in the world A good Nazi film

10 A film about love and tragedy in the New York Jazz scene. Censor It

11 A film about love and tragedy in the New York Jazz scene. Censor It

12 With a partner, think of 5 ways in which the Nazis could use propaganda to spread their message

13 Why was propaganda so important to the Nazis? At no time up to 1933, did the Nazi Party win a majority of votes at elections. They may have been the largest political party in 1933, but they did not have a majority of support among the people. Those who had supported the Nazis needed to be informed on how correct their choice was with an emphasis on the strength of the party and the leadership. Those who opposed the Nazi Party had to be convinced that it was pointless continuing with their opposition. Hitler made sure that the people were won over or intimidated into accepting Nazi rule.

14 What did Goebbels do? One of the main ways in which the Nazis used propaganda was through posters. Why are posters effective? Cheap Can be displayed prominently Constant reminder

15 Films were controlled by the Nazis. Tarzan was banned in Germany because the Nazis didn’t approve of the scantily-clad Jane.

16 Eventually all newspapers had to be run by Nazis. What do you think the headline story is about?

17 Loudspeakers were put in streets so everyone could hear Hitler’s message

18 Mass marches and rallies were held to spread Hitler’s message and show the mass support for the Nazis.

19 Book to compile the notes from… Big Blue book Purple book Red book

20 Censorship Newspapers, radio and all forms of media were put under the control of the Nazis. Music was controlled by the Nazis. Music by Gustav Mahler and Felix Mendelssohn was banned as they were both Jews. Jazz was also banned. Even telling jokes about Hitler became a serious offence - one to send you to the concentration camps and potentially death.

21 How did the Nazis use propaganda to spread their message? (6 marks) Use key words Show knowledge Explain the different techniques they used Explain why propaganda was so important to the Nazis

22 Strengths You have good historical knowledge You have used key words You have written in detail A well-written answer. You have explained why propaganda was so important to the Nazis Area for Improvement Read your work to check it makes sense Show more of your knowledge. Use full stops and capital letters correctly. Use key words in your answer. Explain your points further.

23 FESTIVALSCULTURENEWSPAPERSRADIOFILM

24 FESTIVALSCULTURENEWSPAPERSRADIOFILM Why use a festival?The Nazis criticised the Weimar Government, why? There was no what? Who owned publishing companies? What type of stations? Who had a radio? The 1920’s was considered what? Why? The Nazis introduced what? Goebbels introduced what? Which meant? Who took control?What improvements did Goebbels make? How many Nazi films were made? What genres?

25 FESTIVALSCULTURENEWSPAPERSRADIOFILM Needed to keep people loyal and make them feel important. Critical of the Weimar Government as they were not traditional Germans. No national newspaper. Many owned by Jewish firms. Mainly local stations. Radios were expensive and so few people owned them The 1920s was the golden age in German films. They were high quality and entertaining. Introduced new Nazi approved important days. E.g. German Culture Day Introduced Reich Chamber of Culture. Goebbbels could stop any member working if they werent Nazi Goebbels took contol of journalism. Newpapers were checked to follow Nazi rules. 70% of Germans owned a radio. Loudspeakers in public squares so everyone could hear. Over 1000 films made during the Third Reich. Propaganda messages were sent.

26 Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people?

27 Do you agree mostly with the statement that Nazi propaganda showed peoples success or not? Why do you think this? Some examples of propaganda that agrees with your big point. Try and find an example that DISAGREES with your big point to show you have considered the other side. I think that the Nazis used propaganda to I think this because an example I have is this

28 Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people? Nazi propaganda was used to I agree with this becuase What examples are there from Nazi film? E.g. using political adverts before the film.... What examples are there from Nazi culture? E.g. Only allowing Nazi approved books and music Did the Berlin Olympics mislead people? I think that propaganda was used by the Nazis to I think this because I have lots of examples which prove my theory, such as This shows how the Nazis used propaganda to

29 RMVP (Ministry of Enlightenment and Propaganda) Reich Chamber of CultureCentral Propaganda Office 11 departments, responsible for: Legislation Broadcasting Press Film & theatre Literature Fine arts & music Folk culture 7 chambers, responsible for: Press Radio Film Literature Theatre Music Fine Arts 2 departments: Offices for Films, Broadcasting, Culture and Coordination Offices for Party exhibitions, Trade Fairs and Mobile Technical Units. The propaganda empire of Josef Goebbels

30 Evidence of failure: In the longer term, great thinkers such as Thomas Mann and Albert Einstein emigrated to escape oppression. In this way, Germany lost many of its best scientists and intellectuals. Older and more educated people were generally less susceptible to propaganda, having been brought up with different values and ideas. There was some resistance, for example, churchman Martin Niemöller spoke out against the Nazis. The concentration camps were full of political prisoners. It is hard to tell if the lack of resistance to the Nazis was due to propaganda or the police state. Conclusion – Success or Failure? In the short term, propaganda played an important role in getting Hitler into power and then advertising his main ideas. The general lack of resistance to the Nazi regime is an important indication that propaganda was effective. For young people, propaganda had a lasting effect. Despite the loss of World War II, a poll conducted by the USA in October 1945 showed that 42% of German youths believed that reconstruction would best be carried out by a ‘strong new Führer’. Evidence of success:

31 Can the use of Censorship/ propaganda be justified? Plenary - Discussion

32 Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people?


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