Presentation on theme: "How did propaganda help the Nazi Party?"— Presentation transcript:
1How did propaganda help the Nazi Party? WALT:Decide how propaganda helped the NazisWILFWhat is propaganda?The role of censorship.Who was Josef Goebbels?What propaganda techniques did Goebbels use?How effective were those techniques?
2What is propaganda?Propaganda is best thought of as being ‘political advertising’. It is designed to get people to think and believe what you want them to.For the Nazis, this involved:persuading Germans to believe in Nazi ideas and love their Führerconvincing those hostile to the regime that the Nazis were so powerful that opposition would be futile.Propaganda has been widely used by governments to distort facts, maintain popularity and boost morale.Are there any circumstances in which a government could legitimately use propaganda?
3CensorshipAlongside their propaganda machine, the Nazis practised strict censorship. People who disagreed with Nazi ideas were silenced.In order to get any work published or performed in Nazi Germany, you had to be a member of the Reich Chamber of Culture. Writers, film makers and artists were denied membership if their views were un-Nazi.Books which did not fit in with Nazi doctrine were publicly burnt.Essentially, the Nazis controlled everything that the German people read, heard and saw.
4A film about lazy gypsies who steal from the townspeople of Munich. Dirty ThievesCensor ItA film about lazy gypsies who steal from the townspeople of Munich.
5Littlest Angel Censor It Story of a small Jewish girl who helps out his elderly German neighbour.
6Gertrude of the Jungle A good Nazi film The story of a young beautiful German girl who is captured by African tribes and decides to commit suicide rather than marry the chief of the tribe. But she is later rescued.
7Captain Bulchers Day Off Censor ItA story about a lazy officer who drinks too much.
8Hilda’s BabyCensor ItA film about a pretty blonde German girl who gets pregnant with her German boyfriends baby and has an abortion.
9Triumph of the Eagle A good Nazi film A film about a young blonde German man who becomes the best climber in the world
10A film about love and tragedy in the New York Jazz scene. Dance the Night AwayCensor ItA film about love and tragedy in the New York Jazz scene.
11A film about love and tragedy in the New York Jazz scene. Blueberry PieCensor ItA film about love and tragedy in the New York Jazz scene.
12With a partner, think of 5 ways in which the Nazis could use propaganda to spread their message
13Why was propaganda so important to the Nazis? At no time up to 1933, did the Nazi Party win a majority of votes at elections. They may have been the largest political party in 1933, but they did not have a majority of support among the people.Those who had supported the Nazis needed to be informed on how correct their choice was with an emphasis on the strength of the party and the leadership.Those who opposed the Nazi Party had to be convinced that it was pointless continuing with their opposition.Hitler made sure that the people were won over or intimidated into accepting Nazi rule.
14What did Goebbels do?One of the main ways in which the Nazis used propaganda was through posters.Why are posters effective?CheapCan be displayed prominentlyConstant reminder
15Films were controlled by the Nazis Films were controlled by the Nazis. Tarzan was banned in Germany because the Nazis didn’t approve of the scantily-clad Jane.
16Eventually all newspapers had to be run by Nazis Eventually all newspapers had to be run by Nazis. What do you think the headline story is about?
17Loudspeakers were put in streets so everyone could hear Hitler’s message
18Mass marches and rallies were held to spread Hitler’s message and show the mass support for the Nazis.
19Book to compile the notes from… Big Blue bookPurple bookRed book
20CensorshipNewspapers, radio and all forms of media were put under the control of the Nazis.Music was controlled by the Nazis. Music by Gustav Mahler and Felix Mendelssohn was banned as they were both Jews. Jazz was also banned.Even telling jokes about Hitler became a serious offence - one to send you to the concentration camps and potentially death.
21How did the Nazis use propaganda to spread their message? (6 marks) Use key wordsShow knowledgeExplain the different techniques they usedExplain why propaganda was so important to the Nazis
22StrengthsArea for ImprovementYou have good historical knowledgeYou have used key wordsYou have written in detailA well-written answer.You have explained why propaganda was so important to the NazisRead your work to check it makes senseShow more of your knowledge.Use full stops and capital letters correctly.Use key words in your answer.Explain your points further.
24German Propaganda FESTIVALS CULTURE NEWSPAPERS RADIO FILM Why use a festival?The Nazis criticised the Weimar Government, why?There was no what? Who owned publishing companies?What type of stations? Who had a radio?The 1920’s was considered what? Why?The Nazis introduced what?Goebbels introduced what? Which meant?Who took control?What improvements did Goebbels make?How many Nazi films were made? What genres?
25German PropagandaFESTIVALSCULTURENEWSPAPERSRADIOFILMNeeded to keep people loyal and make them feel important.Critical of the Weimar Government as they were not traditional Germans.No national newspaper. Many owned by Jewish firms.Mainly local stations.Radios were expensive and so few people owned themThe 1920s was the golden age in German films. They were high quality and entertaining.Introduced new Nazi approved important days. E.g. German Culture DayIntroduced Reich Chamber of Culture. Goebbbels could stop any member working if they werent NaziGoebbels took contol of journalism. Newpapers were checked to follow Nazi rules.70% of Germans owned a radio. Loudspeakers in public squares so everyone could hear.Over 1000 films made during the Third Reich. Propaganda messages were sent.
26Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people? My Big PointLittle Point 1Little Point 2Little Point 3My Answer
27Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people? My Big PointDo you agree mostly with the statement that Nazi propaganda showed peoples success or not? Why do you think this?Little Point 1Little Point 2Little Point 3Some examples of propaganda that agrees with your big point.Some examples of propaganda that agrees with your big point.Try and find an example that DISAGREES with your big point to show you have considered the other side.My AnswerI think that the Nazis used propaganda to I think this because an example I have is this
28Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people? My Big PointNazi propaganda was used toI agree with this becuaseLittle Point 1Little Point 2Little Point 3What examples are there from Nazi film? E.g. using political adverts before the film....What examples are there from Nazi culture? E.g. Only allowing Nazi approved books and musicDid the Berlin Olympics mislead people?My AnswerI think that propaganda was used by the Nazis toI think this becauseI have lots of examples which prove my theory, such asThis shows how the Nazis used propaganda to
29The propaganda empire of Josef Goebbels RMVP (Ministry of Enlightenment and Propaganda)Reich Chamber of CultureCentral Propaganda Office11 departments, responsible for:LegislationBroadcastingPressFilm & theatreLiteratureFine arts & musicFolk culture7 chambers, responsible for:RadioFilmTheatreMusicFine Arts2 departments:Offices for Films, Broadcasting, Culture and CoordinationOffices for Party exhibitions, Trade Fairs and Mobile Technical Units.Possible extension question: "Think back to 'Hitler's Role in the Development of the Nazi Party'. How could (a) Intentionalist and (b) Structuralist historians use this table to back up their arguments?"
30Conclusion – Success or Failure? Evidence of failure:Evidence of success:In the longer term, great thinkers such as Thomas Mann and Albert Einstein emigrated to escape oppression. In this way, Germany lost many of its best scientists and intellectuals.In the short term, propaganda played an important role in getting Hitler into power and then advertising his main ideas. The general lack of resistance to the Nazi regime is an important indication that propaganda was effective.Older and more educated people were generally less susceptible to propaganda, having been brought up with different values and ideas.For young people, propaganda had a lasting effect. Despite the loss of World War II, a poll conducted by the USA in October 1945 showed that 42% of German youths believed that reconstruction would best be carried out by a ‘strong new Führer’.There was some resistance, for example, churchman Martin Niemöller spoke out against the Nazis. The concentration camps were full of political prisoners. It is hard to tell if the lack of resistance to the Nazis was due to propaganda or the police state.
31Can the use of Censorship/ propaganda be justified? Plenary - Discussion
32Was propaganda used by the Nazis to highlight achievement or to mislead people? My Big PointLittle Point 2Little Point 3Little Point 1My Answer