13(What you already know) Build Background Think about as many things as you can about Native Americans and Native American folk tales.K(What you already know)W(What you want to know)L(What you learned)As you read the play, look for answers to your questions that can be added to the chart.
14Vocabulary Wordsantlers – bony, branching growths on the head of a male deer, elk or mooseimagined – made a picture or idea of something in your mindlanguages – human speech, spoken or written
15Vocabulary Words overhead – over the head; on high; above narrator – the person who tells a storyoverhead – over the head; on high; abovepoked – pushed with force against someone or something
16More Vocabulary Words randomly – in no particular order bumped – hit yourself against something hardrandomly – in no particular orderchariot - a carriage with two wheels pulled by horses; used in ancient times for fighting and racing
17More Vocabulary Wordscivilization – an advanced way of life that usually includes towns, written forms of language, and special kinds of work for peopleentertainment – something that interests, pleases, or amuses peopleNext slide
20Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs MondayGrammar:Main and Helping Verbs
21all the village man were hunting on monday All the village men were hunting on Monday.theyd seen deers and foxs in the forestThey’d seen deer and foxes in the forest.
22Main and Helping Verbs The word shining is the main verb. The stars were shining through the holes poked into the sky.The word shining is the main verb.The verb were is a helping verb.A verb phrase is a verb that has more than one word.The main verb shows action.A helping verb shows the time of the action.
23Main and Helping Verbs The people are telling stories. In the following sentences, telling is the main verb, and are is the helping verb.The people are telling stories.
24Main and Helping VerbsThe helping verbs am, is, and are show present time.Was and were show past time.Will shows future time.The helping verbs has, have, and had show that an action happened in the past.
25Main and Helping VerbsIn the following sentences, had and will are helping verbs.He had told that story before. He will tell that story again.
26Main and Helping Verbs Find the verb phrase in each sentence. Native Americans had told interesting legends.had toldThey were explaining the world around them.were explainingI have heard legends about the sun and the moon.have heard
27Main and Helping Verbs Find the verb phrase in each sentence. In some stories, animals are talking like people.are talkingSomeday I will entertain you with the stories.will entertain
28Main and Helping Verbs Is the underlined word a main verb or helping verb? I am writing a legend.main verbI have set the story in a forest.helping verbThe flowers are talking to the trees.
29Main and Helping Verbs Is the underlined word a main verb or helping verb? The huge trees will care for the little flowers.main verbYou will hear my story soon.helping verb
47Fluency: Characterization Turn to page 314.Notice how my voice changes as I read the dialogue of the different characters.Practice doing Readers’ Theater readings of this page in groups of five.
48Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs WednesdayGrammar:Main and Helping Verbs
49the hunters spoted a broun bare among the trees The hunters spotted a brown bear among the trees.they went after the animal but it dissapeared into the woodsThey went after the animal, but it disappeared into the woods.
50Main and Helping VerbsDescribing the precise time of an action makes writing clearer.Helping verbs express time.The men have seen bears many times before.
57Fluency: Characterization Turn to page 317.Groups of five will choose parts and practice reading aloud page 317 three times.Remember to read with proper characterization.
58Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs ThursdayGrammar:Main and Helping Verbs
59two woman unlode wood, and then they build a fire Two women unload wood, and then they build a fire.the fire will kept every one in the village warmThe fire will keep everyone in the village warm.
60Main and Helping Verbs Test Tip: Sometimes one or more words come between a main verb and a helping verb.Example: Hummingbirds are always moving their wings.In this sentence, moving is the main verb, and are is the helping verb. The word always is not part of the verb.
62Spelling Words unhappy recall disappear unload mistake misspell dislikereplacemisleaddisagreerewriteunrollunknowndishonestreactunfortunatediscourageuncomfortablerecyclemispronounce
63How do people explain nature in order to understand it? FridayQuestion of the DayHow do people explain nature in order to understand it?
64Today we will learn about: Build Concept VocabularyAuthor’s PurposeSteps in a ProcessGlossaryMain and Helping VerbsPrefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-ThesaurusExplaining Nature
65Author’s PurposeThe author’s purpose is the reason the author writes something.An author may be trying to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.Different parts of a piece of writing may have different purposes.
66Steps in a ProcessWhen we look at steps in a process, we are looking at the order in which things happen, or the order in which we have to do something to do it correctly.Directions are an example of steps in a process.
67Steps in a ProcessSometimes there are clue words in the text, such as first, second, next, then, and finally.Other times, we have to use what we already know to determine which steps come first, second, third, and so on.
68Vocabulary Strategy: Reference Sources You can use a glossary at the back of a book to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.List any unknown words you find as you read “Pushing Up the Sky.”Create a chart showing the unknown word and its definition in the glossary.
70Drama WordsSome words such as play, refer to acting on the stage or putting on a play or drama.Use reference sources to make lists of drama words and their definitions.Write a paragraph, using your drama words, about staging a play.
71Drama Words drama comedy scene actor costume role dialogue director stagedramacomedysceneactorpropcostumeroledialoguedirector
72Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs FridayGrammar:Main and Helping Verbs
73the two man is making a boat out of branchs The two men are making a boat out of branches.it will flowt on a long voiageIt will float on a long voyage.
74Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis- Prefixes are word parts added at the beginning of a base word that changes it meaning.What does the prefix un- mean?What does the prefix re- mean?What does the prefix mis- mean?What does the prefix dis- mean?
75Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis- unhappyWhat is the base word?The prefix un- means “not” or “do the opposite of.” Adding un- to a word will change the meaning of the base word.
76Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis- The first thing you do when you come to a word like unhappy is break it into its word parts.Take off un- and have happy.You know what happy means.The prefix un- means “not,” so unhappy must mean “not happy.”Use it in a sentence: I was unhappy I had to leave.That makes sense, so you know that unhappy means “not happy.”
77Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis- What is the prefix and base word of each of these words and what do they mean?rewritemisplacedisagree
78Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis- Find the prefixes and base words Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis- Find the prefixes and base words. Tell what the words mean.unstabledistastereordermisrepresentrecheckunluckydiscomfortmisconductThey were uninterested in the dishonest activity.The lost book had been mislabeled and replaced on the wrong shelf.
79Contractions We studied contractions. can’t Look at the word can’t. What two words is this contraction made from?cannotWhat letters do the apostrophe stand for?no
80Contractions I’ll I will - wi let’s let us - u I’m I am - a they’re What two words are these contractions made from?What letters do the apostrophe stand for?I’llI will - wilet’slet us - uI’mI am - athey’rethey are - a
81Contractions should not what’ll what will don’t do not doesn’t shouldn’tshould notwhat’llwhat willdon’tdo notdoesn’tdoes notoughtn’tought notcouldn’tcould notshe’sshe ismightn’tmight not
82Contractions What is the contraction for the underlined words? Abigail was not in the library.wasn’tPat could not have broken this glass.couldn’t
83Contractions What is the contraction for the underlined words? Shane did not know where the book was.didn’tPut the milk in the refrigerator where it will stay cold.it’ll
84ThesaurusWhat kind of reference source can be used to find words that have similar meanings?You can use a print or electronic thesaurus.A thesaurus is a book of synonyms—words that mean the same or almost the same as another word.
85ThesaurusIn a print thesaurus, you usually look up the word for which you want synonyms.The thesaurus might give a list of synonyms with different meanings.Make sure you choose the synonym with the correct meaning.A dictionary can help.
86Thesaurus Many word processing programs have a thesaurus. You can highlight a word on the screen and click on the thesaurus under the Tools menu.You will get a list of different meanings for the word.Click on the meaning you want, and a list of synonyms will come up.