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Title: Pushing Up the Sky Author: Joseph Bruchac Illustrator: Teresa Flavin Genre: Play.

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Presentation on theme: "Title: Pushing Up the Sky Author: Joseph Bruchac Illustrator: Teresa Flavin Genre: Play."— Presentation transcript:

1 Title: Pushing Up the Sky Author: Joseph Bruchac Illustrator: Teresa Flavin Genre: Play

2 Small Group Timer

3  unhappy  recall  disappear  unload  mistake  misspell  dislike  replace  mislead  disagree  rewrite  unroll  unknown  dishonest  react  unfortunate  discourage  uncomfortable  recycle  mispronounce

4 VOCABULARY WORDS MORE VOCABULARY WORDS  antlers  imagined  languages  narrator  overhead  poked  bumped  randomly  chariot  civilization  entertainment

5  Monday Monday  Tuesday Tuesday  Wednesday Wednesday  Thursday Thursday  Friday Friday

6 Question of the Day How do people explain nature in order to understand it?

7  Author’s Purpose  Summarize  Build Background  Vocabulary Words  Fluency: Characterization  Main and Helping Verbs  Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-  Explaining Nature

8 Fluency: Characterization

9  Listen as I read “The Class Play.”  As I read, notice how I use different voices for each character.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

10  Why do you think the author wrote this article?  Identify one comparison and one contrast the author makes between civilization today and ancient Greek civilization.

11 Why We Tell Myths Mythological Explanations of Natural Events Who Explains and Tells Myths Explaining Nature

12 Pages

13 K (What you already know) W (What you want to know) L (What you learned) As you read the play, look for answers to your questions that can be added to the chart.

14  antlers – bony, branching growths on the head of a male deer, elk or moose antlers  imagined – made a picture or idea of something in your mind  languages – human speech, spoken or written

15  narrator – the person who tells a story  overhead – over the head; on high; above  poked – pushed with force against someone or something

16  bumped – hit yourself against something hard  randomly – in no particular order  chariot - a carriage with two wheels pulled by horses; used in ancient times for fighting and racingchariot

17  civilization – an advanced way of life that usually includes towns, written forms of language, and special kinds of work for people  entertainment – something that interests, pleases, or amuses people  Next slide Next slide

18

19

20 Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs

21  all the village man were hunting on monday  All the village men were hunting on Monday.  theyd seen deers and foxs in the forest  They’d seen deer and foxes in the forest.

22  The stars were shining through the holes poked into the sky.  The word shining is the main verb.  The verb were is a helping verb.  A verb phrase is a verb that has more than one word.  The main verb shows action.  A helping verb shows the time of the action.

23  In the following sentences, telling is the main verb, and are is the helping verb.  The people are telling stories.

24  The helping verbs am, is, and are show present time.  Was and were show past time.  Will shows future time.  The helping verbs has, have, and had show that an action happened in the past.

25  In the following sentences, had and will are helping verbs.  He had told that story before. He will tell that story again.

26  Native Americans had told interesting legends.  had told  They were explaining the world around them.  were explaining  I have heard legends about the sun and the moon.  have heard

27  In some stories, animals are talking like people.  are talking  Someday I will entertain you with the stories.  will entertain

28  I am writing a legend.  main verb  I have set the story in a forest.  helping verb  The flowers are talking to the trees.  main verb

29  The huge trees will care for the little flowers.  main verb  You will hear my story soon.  helping verb

30 Spelling: Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-

31  unhappy  recall  disappear  unload  mistake  misspell  dislike  replace  mislead  disagree  rewrite  unroll  unknown  dishonest  react  unfortunate  discourage  uncomfortable  recycle  mispronounce

32 Question of the Day If you were going to create masks to represent the animals in the story, how would they look?

33  Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-  Glossary  Author’s Purpose  Summarize  Develop Vocabulary  Fluency: Readers’ Theater  Main and Helping Verbs  Moon Phases  Explaining Nature

34 Pages

35 Pages

36 Fluency: Characterization

37  Turn to page 312.  As I read the different parts of the play, notice how my tone changes.  In groups of five, do a Readers’ Theater reading of page 312.

38 Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs

39  do you recal the golden eagles in the forest  Do you recall the golden eagles in the forest?  they was sitting on a pine Tree  They were sitting on a pine tree.

40  A main verb is the part of a verb phrase that shows action.  A helping verb shows the time of the action.

41 Spelling: Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-

42  unhappy  recall  disappear  unload  mistake  misspell  dislike  replace  mislead  disagree  rewrite  unroll  unknown  dishonest  react  unfortunate  discourage  uncomfortable  recycle  mispronounce

43 Question of the Day Why aren’t the people successful in pushing up the sky the first time they try?

44  Summarize  Glossary  Cause and Effect  Develop Vocabulary  Fluency: Characterization  Main and Helping Verbs  Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-  Regions  Explaining Nature

45 Pages

46 Fluency: Characterization

47  Turn to page 314.  Notice how my voice changes as I read the dialogue of the different characters.  Practice doing Readers’ Theater readings of this page in groups of five.

48 Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs

49  the hunters spoted a broun bare among the trees  The hunters spotted a brown bear among the trees.  they went after the animal but it dissapeared into the woods  They went after the animal, but it disappeared into the woods.

50  Describing the precise time of an action makes writing clearer.  Helping verbs express time.  The men have seen bears many times before.

51 Spelling: Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-

52  unhappy  recall  disappear  unload  mistake  misspell  dislike  replace  mislead  disagree  rewrite  unroll  unknown  dishonest  react  unfortunate  discourage  uncomfortable  recycle  mispronounce

53 Question of the Day How do make-believe stories help us wonder about real things, like thunder and lightning and the seasons?

54  Contractions  Myth  Reading Across Texts  Content-Area Vocabulary  Fluency: Readers’ Theatre  Main and Helping Verbs  Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-  Social Studies: Fire

55 Pages

56 Fluency: Characterization

57  Turn to page 317.  Groups of five will choose parts and practice reading aloud page 317 three times.  Remember to read with proper characterization.

58 Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs

59  two woman unlode wood, and then they build a fire  Two women unload wood, and then they build a fire.  the fire will kept every one in the village warm  The fire will keep everyone in the village warm.

60  Test Tip:  Sometimes one or more words come between a main verb and a helping verb.  Example: Hummingbirds are always moving their wings.  In this sentence, moving is the main verb, and are is the helping verb. The word always is not part of the verb.

61 Spelling: Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-

62  unhappy  recall  disappear  unload  mistake  misspell  dislike  replace  mislead  disagree  rewrite  unroll  unknown  dishonest  react  unfortunate  discourage  uncomfortable  recycle  mispronounce

63 Question of the Day How do people explain nature in order to understand it?

64  Build Concept Vocabulary  Author’s Purpose  Steps in a Process  Glossary  Main and Helping Verbs  Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-  Thesaurus  Explaining Nature

65  The author’s purpose is the reason the author writes something.  An author may be trying to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.  Different parts of a piece of writing may have different purposes.

66  When we look at steps in a process, we are looking at the order in which things happen, or the order in which we have to do something to do it correctly.  Directions are an example of steps in a process.

67  Sometimes there are clue words in the text, such as first, second, next, then, and finally.  Other times, we have to use what we already know to determine which steps come first, second, third, and so on.

68  You can use a glossary at the back of a book to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.  List any unknown words you find as you read “Pushing Up the Sky.”  Create a chart showing the unknown word and its definition in the glossary.

69 WordGlossary Definition

70  Some words such as play, refer to acting on the stage or putting on a play or drama.  Use reference sources to make lists of drama words and their definitions.  Write a paragraph, using your drama words, about staging a play.

71  stage  drama  comedy  scene  actor  prop  costume  role  dialogue  director

72 Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs

73  the two man is making a boat out of branchs  The two men are making a boat out of branches.  it will flowt on a long voiage  It will float on a long voyage.

74  Prefixes are word parts added at the beginning of a base word that changes it meaning.  What does the prefix un- mean?  What does the prefix re- mean?  What does the prefix mis- mean?  What does the prefix dis- mean?

75  unhappy  What is the base word?  The prefix un- means “not” or “do the opposite of.” Adding un- to a word will change the meaning of the base word.

76  The first thing you do when you come to a word like unhappy is break it into its word parts.  Take off un- and have happy.  You know what happy means.  The prefix un- means “not,” so unhappy must mean “not happy.”  Use it in a sentence: I was unhappy I had to leave.  That makes sense, so you know that unhappy means “not happy.”

77 What is the prefix and base word of each of these words and what do they mean?  rewrite  misplace  disagree

78  unstable  distaste  reorder  misrepresent  recheck  unlucky  discomfort  misconduct  They were uninterested in the dishonest activity.  The lost book had been mislabeled and replaced on the wrong shelf.

79  We studied contractions.  can’t  Look at the word can’t. What two words is this contraction made from?  cannot  What letters do the apostrophe stand for?  no

80  What two words are these contractions made from?  What letters do the apostrophe stand for?  I’ll  I will - wi  let’s  let us - u  I’m  I am - a  they’re  they are - a

81  shouldn’t  should not  what’ll  what will  don’t  do not  doesn’t  does not  oughtn’t  ought not  couldn’t  could not  she’s  she is  mightn’t  might not

82  Abigail was not in the library.  wasn’t  Pat could not have broken this glass.  couldn’t

83  Shane did not know where the book was.  didn’t  Put the milk in the refrigerator where it will stay cold.  it’ll

84  What kind of reference source can be used to find words that have similar meanings?  You can use a print or electronic thesaurus.  A thesaurus is a book of synonyms—words that mean the same or almost the same as another word.

85  In a print thesaurus, you usually look up the word for which you want synonyms.  The thesaurus might give a list of synonyms with different meanings.  Make sure you choose the synonym with the correct meaning.  A dictionary can help.

86  Many word processing programs have a thesaurus.  You can highlight a word on the screen and click on the thesaurus under the Tools menu.  You will get a list of different meanings for the word.  Click on the meaning you want, and a list of synonyms will come up.

87 Spelling: Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-

88  unhappy  recall  disappear  unload  mistake  misspell  dislike  replace  mislead  disagree  rewrite  unroll  unknown  dishonest  react  unfortunate  discourage  uncomfortable  recycle  mispronounce

89 Spelling City:  Spelling Words Spelling Words  Vocabulary Words Vocabulary Words  Other Vocabulary Words Other Vocabulary Words

90  Story test Classroom webpage, Reading Test  AR Other Reading Quizzes Quiz #


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