Presentation on theme: "Word-Formation Processes in English (word building) is the process of building new words by means of existing elements of language according to certain."— Presentation transcript:
Word-Formation Processes in English (word building) is the process of building new words by means of existing elements of language according to certain patterns and rules
1 Affixation = adding an established prefix or a suffix to the existing base A) Suffixation - is characteristic of noun and adjective formation - a suffix usually changes not only the lexical meaning of a word but also its grammatical meaning or its word class, e.g. to bake – baker, beauty - beautiful
B) Prefixation - a prefix usually changes or concretizes the lexical meaning of a word and only rarely parts of speech, e. g. write – rewrite, smoker – non-smoker - Prefixes are sometimes used to form new verb: circle – encircle, large – enlarge etc.
2 Compounding is one of the principal, most productive, and the oldest way of creating words in English ► Nouns – motorway, breakfast, skinhead ► Adjectives – snow-white, hard-working ► Verbs – daydream, broadcast ► Adverbs – downstairs, sometimes, today ► Pronouns – somebody, anyone, myself ► Prepositions – into, without, within ► Conjunctions – whenever, however
3 Conversion 3 Conversion is the process of gaining new words in a different part of speech without adding any derivative elements face – to face answer – to answer clean - to clean
Source: Kvetko, P: Essentials of Modern English Lexicology, Bratislava 2001, pg. 35 - 45