Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

D-Day Operation Overlord - Allied Invasion of France By Ibrahim Adams.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "D-Day Operation Overlord - Allied Invasion of France By Ibrahim Adams."— Presentation transcript:

1 D-Day Operation Overlord - Allied Invasion of France By Ibrahim Adams


3 Allied Landings

4 Background Information  Operation Overlord was the codename for Allied Invasion of Northwest Europe  The assault phase of Operation Overlord was known as Operation Neptune  Operation Overlord began on D-day and continued until Allied Forces crossed River Seine on August 1944

5 Background Information Cont’d  June 6th 1944 close to 200,000 troops landed along a 50 mile stretch of heavily fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France.  General Dwight D. Eisenhower called the Operation a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory”.  More than 5,000 ships and 13,000 aircrafts supported the D-day invasion.  By days end on June 6th, the Allies had gained a foothold in Normandy.  The cost of D-day was high, more than 9,000 Allied soldiers were killed/wounded.

6 Actors  The assault was conducted in 2 phases  Air Assault  Amphibious Landing which Included infantry & armored divisions on the coast of France.  The landings took place along a 50 mile stretch divided into 5 sectors. Utah, Omaha, Juno & Sword.  The actors on the Allied side were: American, British, Canadian & French troops.

7 Motives  The objective of the operation was to make an enclave that was anchored in the city of Caen.  The believe was that as soon as Normandy could be secured, the Western European campaign and the downfall of Nazi Germany could begin.

8 Interesting Facts / German Defense  By 1944, Nazi Germany’s military forces had reached its peak  By D-day, 157 German divisions were stationed in the Soviet Union  6 were stationed in Finland, 12 in Norway  6 in Denmark, 9 in Germany  21 in the Balkans, 26 in Italy & 59 in France, Belgium & the Netherlands  German defense had large bunkers containing machine guns & high caliber weapons  The also used cliffs and hills to gain height advantage  It is also said that their defenses were built and honed over a four year period  It is obvious that the Germans were spread thin.

9 German Defense Cont’d  Germans utilized the Atlantic wall  Coastal fortifications built by the German 3rd Reich to defend against Allied invasion  Barbed wire  Thousands of mines to deter landing crafts/ships

10 Games Played (Deception)  Deception - Various factions of French resistance were alerted of when to attack by BBC broadcasts from French service in London.  Meaningless messages were sometimes sent with a few actually carrying a true message.  Codenames were used to refer to various Operations in the invasion  A deception operation called Operation Fortitude was conducted months leading up to the invasion to mislead the Germans regarding the day and date of the invasion  The amphibious landings; the 5 beaches being named

11 Games Played (Pre-emption) / Pre-emptive attack  The action of the Allies was waged in an attempt to repel or combat the threat of the Nazis  Their goal was to gain an advantage in an impending & unavoidable war before the threat worsened  (Pre-emptive attack) - Allied forces rehearsed their roles for D-day months before the invasion. On April 28th 1944, on the English coast 638 US soldiers & sailors were killed when German torpedo boats surprised one of the landing exercises

12 D-day Games against Nature  Weather predicted for June 6th may have been advantageous in terms of the (Zero-sum) game against the Germans as opposed to the Game against Nature  To invade only with favorable tides & full moon entailed disadvantages in terms of the Game against the Germans, but evidently more than compensating advantages in terms of the Game against Nature  The Game against the Germans was strictly determined

13 Nash Equilibrium  Given the strategy of the other player, neither player has an incentive to change his strategy. Each players strategy was the best reply to the others

14 Strategic Intelligence & Deception  A player may allow the other player to apparently find out his strategy in advance, but this information may be misleading

15 Decisive military engagement  D-day was an example of Decisive military engagement because as the Department of Defense defines:  It was an engagement on land and naval in which a unit is considered fully committed and cannot maneuver or extricate itself  The action had to be fought to a conclusion & either won or lost with the forces at hand  Allied warships provided supporting fire for the land forces

Download ppt "D-Day Operation Overlord - Allied Invasion of France By Ibrahim Adams."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google