Presentation on theme: "The Origin of Concept Mapping Concept mapping was the outgrowth of a 12-year study of children’s learning of basic science concepts that began in 1971."— Presentation transcript:
The Origin of Concept Mapping Concept mapping was the outgrowth of a 12-year study of children’s learning of basic science concepts that began in 1971
Children were interviewed periodically Various props were used in the interviews to assess children’s understanding of basic concepts
David Ausubel’s Theory was Our Foundation Meaningful learning requires the learner to integrated new concepts and propositions with her / his existing concepts and propositions
David Ausubel 1918-2008 This conference is in part a memorial to David Ausubel
David Ausubel 1918-2008 In the epigraph to Ausubel’s 1968 book: “The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows”
David Ausubel 1918-2008 Remembering a happy time: David and his wife Gloria touring upstate New York wineries, 1989
David Ausubel 1918-2008 1968, Page 133: “Cognitive structure variables refer to the substantive and organizational properties of the learner’s existing knowledge structure in a particular subject-matter field”. (emphasis added) The challenge: How can we ascertain a learner’s existing knowledge structure in a particular subject matter field?
Piagetian-type Interviews were designed We sought to probe the child’s existing subject matter knowledge
The idea of concept maps was developed We found that a 20 page interview transcript could be converted into a one page concept map
Concept maps show explicit changes By Grade 12, Amy had gained considerably in her understanding of molecules
Amy was learning meaningfully! Ausubel’s theory makes a clear distinction between rote learning and meaningful learning
Martha was learning by Rote Martha has more misconceptions in grade 12 than she had is grade two after our instruction!
Learning How to Learn We soon found that concept maps could also help students of all ages learn any kind of subject matter
1984 – Learning How to Learn is Published In In English, Spanish and 7 other languages
In its “Origins” years Concept mapping becomes a popular tool in education Concept maps are mainly done by hand, with some simple computer software available Learning How to Learn becomes the main reference for concept mappers worldwide