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Geography Population Gathering Population Data[Date] Today I will: - Be able to explain how population data is gathered and understand the issues associated.

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Presentation on theme: "Geography Population Gathering Population Data[Date] Today I will: - Be able to explain how population data is gathered and understand the issues associated."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography Population Gathering Population Data[Date] Today I will: - Be able to explain how population data is gathered and understand the issues associated with this

2 Geography Population Gathering Population Data

3 Geography Population How do countries gather population data? By using a census [1]. A census is a regular count of the population – every ten years in the UK [1] – which allows comparisons to be made over time [1]. Questions regarding the age, employment status etc. are asked [1] and an enumerator issues and receives the census to/from each household [1]. The compulsory registration of Births and Deaths [1] or the use of a mini census (such as Britain’s 10% sample census in 1966) [1] are other methods to obtain population data. Lastly, the UK Border Agency records migration into the UK [1].

4 Geography Population Why do we do a census? Population numbers: to calculate grants for local authorities to plan e.g. schools and teacher numbers. Health: to know the age and socio-economic make-up of the population to allocate health and social services resources. Housing: to ascertain the need for new housing. Employment: to help government and businesses plan jobs and training policies. Transport: to identify where there is pressure on transport systems and for planning of roads and public transport. Ethnic Group: to identify the extent and nature of disadvantage in Britain.

5 Geography Population Census Difficulties Some countries encounter many difficulties when carrying out censuses, while some countries do not have censuses at all. Why is this? - Expensive (£482 million for England and Wales) E.g. Ethiopia.

6 Geography Population - Remote areas are difficult to reach E.g. Indonesia with over islands

7 Geography Population - War and conflict E.g. Iraq/ Afghanistan and more recently SyriaSyria

8 Geography Population - Many migrants or homeless E.g. the Bedouin People

9 Geography Population Why is it difficult to gather accurate population data in developing countries? [12 marks] What is it that makes it so hard to carry out a census? What might make the results incorrect? Should you really be writing about the UK? No!! HINT: Think of -(A) Your point -(B) Develop your point -(Example) An example means SQA bonus marks

10 Geography Population (A) Obtaining population data is very expensive, (B) for example the training of enumerators and the printing of forms [1] which imposes huge financial burdens on many debt-ridden countries (Example) like Ethiopia[1]. (A) Some developing countries are vast (B) making the collection of data difficult [1] (Example) e.g. Indonesia has over 17,000 islands [1]. (A) There are often poor communications across difficult terrain [1] such as the (Example) Andes mountain range. Wars in countries [1] such as Iraq can make data collection very dangerous and there may be a large number of refugees who are difficult to track down [1]. Why is it difficult to gather accurate population data in developing countries? [12 marks]

11 Geography Population Migrants such as the Bedouin people [1] can make collection difficult and there are significant proportions of homeless people [1] for example shanty or street dwellers who have no official or permanent address [1]. There are 24 different languages spoken in India [1] which would prove a further issue in terms of translation. NEW PARAGRAPH The information provided may be inaccurate because there are higher levels of illiteracy [1], such as in Burkino Faso, will mean that forms are not filled in or will be completed incorrectly [1].

12 Geography Population There also may be suspicion and distrust of officials [1] which may lead to false answers being given as might resentment at particularly sensitive questions or those open to misrepresentation [1]. There may be ethnic tensions and internal political rivalries have affected census accuracy in some countries [1], for example states in northern Nigeria have been known to inflate their population figures to secure increased political representation [1]. China’s One Child Policy must have encouraged many families to be economical with the truth [1] In China many female births are not registered and female infanticide has been widely reported [1].


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