Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Focusing on Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in GPP Green Public Procurement (GPP) - Lead the change National Conference George Jadoun,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Focusing on Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in GPP Green Public Procurement (GPP) - Lead the change National Conference George Jadoun,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Focusing on Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in GPP Green Public Procurement (GPP) - Lead the change National Conference George Jadoun, 02 July 2010 Valletta, Malta

2 Outline  LCC (Life Cycle Cost) and WLC (Whole Life Cost)  LCA (Life Cycle Assessment)

3 What is Life Cycle Costing? Definitions in the BS ISO 15685:5 is:  Life cycle costing … is a methodology for the systematic economic evaluation of the life cycle costs over the period of analysis, as defined in the agreed scope. Note : life cycle costing can address a period of analysis which covers the entire life cycle, or selected stage (s) or periods of interest therein’.  Whole life costing … is a methodology for the systematic economic consideration of all the whole life costs and benefits over the period of analysis, as defined in the agreed scope …

4 LCC vs. WLC Note – Occupancy costs included in non construction costs in BS ISO ISO addresses the confusion over terminology – regarding the difference between whole life cost (WLC) and life cycle cost (LCC)

5 Why should we use LCC?  The most common misconception about GPP is that green products cost more  However, upon closer inspection, this may not necessarily hold true  The higher initial price of the greener product is more than compensated by the much lower usage and disposal costs

6 Using LCC  Use of LCC is not mandatory under the EC procurement Directives, however if contracting authorities wish to ascertain which product, among alternatives, is the most cost effective then they need to apply LCC approaches in their procurement award decisions.  This means comparing not just the initial purchase price of a product, but also the future costs: Usage costs (energy/water consumption, consumables such as ink or paper) Maintenance costs Disposal costs/resale value

7 Examples of LCC  When the environmental authorities in Hamburg, Germany, substituted two old inefficient lamps with one energy- efficient lamp in 300 public buildings, they reduced the annual electricity consumption by approx. 4.5 million kWh (an equivalent of approx. 2,700 t of CO2 emissions).  Assuming a price of 5 cents per kWh, this equates to an annual saving of €225,000 on Hamburg's electricity bill.

8 LCC in Construction  Running costs may constitute up to 85% of total costs  On same scale, design costs are likely to be 0.3% to 0.5% of lifetime costs  It is through the design process that the largest impact can be made on the 85% figure  So LCC should be a standard procedure for construction work

9 Clean Vehicles Directive 2009/33/EC  Aim Market introduction of clean and energy efficient vehicles to improve the environmental performance of transport  Approach Inclusion of life-time impacts in vehicle purchase on energy consumption, CO2, pollutant emissions  Scope Road transport vehicles purchased by contracting authorities and entities, and operators under public service obligation for passenger transport

10 Monetisation of Emissions CO2NO2NMHC Particulate matter 0,03-0,04 €/kg0,0044 €/g0,001 €/g0,087 €/g Cost for emissions in road transport

11 How can your organisation use LCC?  Identify types of procurement for which LCC is appropriate (e.g. buildings, energy and water consuming equipment)  Create a nucleus of specialist staff who will be responsible for procurement of equipment/construction where LCC award methodology is appropriate  Incorporate a requirement for LCC into your procurement policy – so that it becomes a systematic part of the procurement process  Provide training in the use and advantage of Life Cycle Costing as a tender evaluation method  Gain experience in using LCC, and adapt it for your needs

12 Benefits of using LCC  There are many benefits for organisations in using Life Cycle Costing on a systematic basis: Greater transparency of future costs More effective evaluation of competing options ( best value for money ) Better forecasting of future expenditures  In summary, life cycle costing supports your responsibility to the community to use public funds wisely and sustainably

13 Introducing Life-Cycle Assessment  LCA provides ‘a systematic set of procedures for compiling and examining the inputs and outputs of materials and energy and the associated environmental impacts directly attributable to the functioning of a product or service system throughout its life cycle. (adapted from BS EN ISO 14040, 3.2)

14 Life-Cycle Assessment methodology  Underpins the development of eco-label criteria  Scientific basis - can be complex  Often carried out by specialised firms or by consultants on behalf of companies  LCA is the basis for Product and Service prioritisation which are thereafter incorporated in the NAP taking into consideration, the scope for environmental improvement, the market readiness, the political context, affordability, etc. ISO Standards BS EN ISO 14040:2006 Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and framework BS EN ISO 14044:2006 Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Requirements and guidelines

15 Life-Cycle Assessment Example :  Life cycle assessment of a detergent  Includes impacts of: Raw materials Manufacturing Use End-of-life

16 Thank you for your attention!   Please visit: George Jadoun Sustainable Development & Governance ITCILO


Download ppt "Focusing on Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in GPP Green Public Procurement (GPP) - Lead the change National Conference George Jadoun,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google