a short word that combines with a noun in English: a, an, the a marker, an eraser the pencil
In French, articles agree with the noun in number (how many) and gender (male or female) Articles are very important in French— you almost always need to use them
Indefinite articles used with nouns that refer to any member of a group not specific ex. a pen (this could be any pen) ex. a red marker (this could be any red marker) Definite articles used with nouns that refer to a particular item specific ex. the pen (this is a specific pen) ex. the students (these are specific students)
Remember: the indefinite articles refer to unspecific nouns. un used before a masculine, singular noun means “a,” “an,” or “one” ex. un garçon, un stylo, un cahier une used before a feminine, singular noun means “a,” “an,” or “one” ex. une fille, une brosse, une porte des used before a plural noun (masculine or feminine) often absent in English, but you must use it in French! can mean “some” ex. des profs, des livres, des crayons
Voilà Mme Calabrese. C’est ____ prof et ____ mère. Marc est ____ élève. C’est ____ frère, aussi. Mlle Vogel et M. Shields sont ____ profs d’anglais.
Remember: definite articles are used before specific nouns le use before a masculine, singular noun means “the” ex. le garçon, le stylo, le cahier la used before a feminine, singular noun means “the” ex. la fille, la brosse, la porte l’ replaces “le” or “la” before a vowel sound used before any singular noun beginning with a vowel means “the” ex. l’élève, l’ami, l’amie, l’homme, l’heure les used before a plural noun (masculine or feminine) means “the” ex. les profs, les stylos, les filles, les brosses
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