Presentation on theme: "Ship Repair & Maintenance Occupational Health & Safety"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ship Repair & Maintenance Occupational Health & Safety
2 BackgroundSAMSA is required in terms of the SAMSA Act, “to ensure safety of life and property at sea”. The Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations (MOSR) endeavours to create a safe working environment for:merchant seamenstevedores, shore contractors, and incidental personsfishermen.In addition to the MOSR there are codes of safe working practice for:stevedoresfishermen
3 Background Shore Contractors (Ship Repair) There is NO code of safe working practice for ship repairers incorporated into the MOSRThe industry DO have an “unofficial” code: COPS (Code of Practice: Ship Repair
4 BackgroundSAMSA having successfully focused on fishing vessel and stevedore safety and are now in a position to review ship repair safety, using similar methods to that used in the stevedore and fishing industries.Plan of Action:SAMSA to:conduct occupational safety inspections on ships under repair – planned and ad hocconduct compliance auditscoordinate the formation of a committee, with a cross section of the industries stakeholders to review / revise the Code of Practice for Ship Repair with a view to incorporating it into the Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations, as well as reviewing Chapter III of the Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations.conduct a road show to improve awareness of legal requirements and responsibilities.
5 Challenges Who are the ship repair companies? TNPA unlike the stevedore industry DO NOT license ship repair companies to operate in the port, except at the Dry DockThere is a great deal of sub contracting in the industryThere is the Association of Ship Builders & Repairers, however it is not mandatory to be a memberTherefore difficult to ascertain the number of ship repair companies operating in the ports
6 Challenges Affecting Ship Repair / Maintenance Safety Working at heightsUnguarded openingsNoiseDust & fume inhalationFire / explosionsHazardous Machinery (lock out systems)Confined space entryDark claustrophobic work placesHousekeeping (cable management)
7 Statistics 2000 - 2009 Incredibly only one accident reported in 2009! 2000 – 2009:39 Reported Casualties4 Fatalities28 Serious Injuries7 Minor InjuriesIncredibly only one accident reported in 2009!
8 Statistics 2000 - 2009 Non Reporting of Casualties / Accidents Due to: Ignorance and fear of consequencesConfusion regarding which Authority to report it to: SAMSA or Department of LabourTo clarifyThe Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations “Apply on board vessels and to the performance of all work on vessels, whether or not the vessels are afloat”Therefore:Accidents occurring onboard must be reported to SAMSAAccidents occurring in the dry dock must be reported to Department of LabourALL accidents must be reported to COID for compensation purposes
9 Progress To Date Legislation The ship repair and maintenance industry is governed by the following safety legislation:Merchant Shipping Act, 1951Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations, 1994Occupational Health & Safety Act, 1993A committee was established to review and amend the Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations and Code of Practice Ship RepairThis has been completed and both the amended documents have been sent to industry for informal comment
10 Progress To Date Legislation Summary of Amendments to the Maritime Occupational Safety Regulations:The Code of Practice: Ship Repair has been reviewed and updated. Renamed to the Code of Safe Working Practice for Ships Undergoing Repair and Maintenance in South Africa and will be incorporated in the MOSRWorkers must have a valid medical certificate, provided by a SAMSA accredited doctorWorkers must complete safety induction training conducted by a SAMSA accredited training providerSafety Appointees (H&S Reps) appointed per ship. Responsible for:Workplace inspections prior to shift commencementEnsure safe practicesEstablishment of safety committees along the same lines as the OHSActCompliance audits to be conducted every 6 months
11 Progress To Date Maritime Occupational Safety Regulation Audits Compliance audits have been conducted on major ship repair companies in Durban and East London and audits will be taking place in Cape Town in September 2010.Audit CriteriaSafety Legislation (MOS R / MSA / OHSAct / Code)Risk Assessments (documented & implemented)Operator Competence (welders & cutters / scaffold erectors / crane operators etc)Safety Training (hazard awareness)Casualty Investigation (reported, investigated, documented corrective actions identified and implemented)Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Safety Officer (appointed and conducting inspections)First Aid (first aider trained and equipped)Emergency Procedures (fire / explosion / injury / evacuation)Lifting Gear / Rigging Equip (SWL / ID marks / certificated)Occupational Hygiene Surveys & Medical SurveillanceAudit ResultsReally good to really bad!
12 Progress To Date Maritime Occupational Health & Safety Newsletter Initially SAMSA distributed a Stevedore Safety Newsletter to the stevedore industry and interested parties to create safety awarenessThis newsletter contained information on serious injuries, safety training, status of amended legislation, results of safety inspections and audits and other relevant informationThe newsletter has now been amended to incorporate ship repair and maintenance, with the first copy being distributed at the beginning of August 2010