Presentation on theme: "Audit of IT Systems SARQA / DKG Scandinavian Conference, October 2002, Copenhagen Sue Gregory."— Presentation transcript:
Audit of IT Systems SARQA / DKG Scandinavian Conference, October 2002, Copenhagen Sue Gregory
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Purpose of IT System Audit To assure that established standards are met for all phases of the validation, operation and maintenance of computerised systems. To monitor the GxP compliance of computerised systems.
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Types of IT System Audit "Spot Check" – not an audit in its own right, but conducted as part of a facilities-type audit Vertical – (specific) looks at defined elements in great depth Horizontal – (general) looks at the entire system but in less depth Or maybe combination – review of the entire system in general and then specific elements in depth
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October IT System Audit - Auditor Requirements Auditing skills Knowledge of applicable regulations and regulatory expectations Knowledge of computer system validation process Knowledge of software development life cycle (SDLC) Technical IT skills / knowledge
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Some applicable regulations and references GLP Consensus document, The application of the principles of GLP to computerised systems, environment monograph 116, OECD 1995 Rules governing medicinal products in the European Community, Volume 4 Annex 11, computerised systems, Eudralex. 21 CFR part 11 Electronic Records; Electronic Signatures, Final Rule, FDA 1997 Guidance for Industry, Computerized Systems used in Clinical Trials, FDA 1999.
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Some applicable regulations and references PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Technical Report No 31 – Validation and Qualification of Computerized Laboratory Data Acquisition Systems, 1999 supplement, Volume 53, Number 4 GAMP guide for validation of automated systems in Pharmaceutical Manufacture, version 4, GAMP forum, 2001 International Standard, ISO/IEC – Information Technology – Software life cycle processes, 1995 and amendment 1, 2002 Guidance for industry, General principles of software validation; final guidance for Industry and FDA staff, FDA, 2002
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Some applicable regulations and references And of course: – Any relevant internal policies, guidelines and procedures Bear in mind that the area is evolving and new interpretations are frequent. Monitor the literature and relevant websites for current developments, e.g.: – FDA warning letters, GMP trends etc – – –
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October IT System Audit Required skill Audit Type AuditingValidationSDLCTechnical Spot check Vertical ? ?? Horizontal
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Skills vs System compliance level
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Technical Skills vs System Compliance Level
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Software Development considerations Same standards apply to purchased software and software developed in-house Documented SDLC; followed Documented specification of requirements for the system; fully traceable Documented specifications of functionality and design; fully traceable Documented standards for coding; followed Documented testing by supplier; unit, integration and system level
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Approach to IT system "Spot Check" Determine implementation date Ascertain whether there is a validation report, check date, authorisation and conclusion Ascertain whether there is a log of changes since the implementation date Obtain a list of SOPs related to the system, ascertain that these are authorised and cover use, maintenance, ……… etc.
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics User / System Requirements Specification “It is not possible to validate software without predetermined and documented software requirements” FDA, principles of software validation, 2002 – Authorised (internally) and chronologically correct – Precise requirements covering all functions the system will perform – Uniquely identified – Verifiable
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics Traceability – Check that each requirement is traceable through the subsequent specifications and tests – Is there evidence that each requirement has been addressed?
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics Validation Plan “The validation must be conducted in accordance with a documented protocol” FDA, principles of software validation, 2002 – Authorised and chronologically correct – Describes who does what and when – Describes or references how
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics User Testing – Test Plan – Test acceptance criteria – Test records – Final test report Ensure the system can properly perform its intended functions Ensure the users can understand and use the system
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics Validation Report – Authorised and chronologically correct – Summarises the validation exercise – Describes deviations and errors encountered – Includes clear statement of success or otherwise of validation
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics Authorised operating procedures covering: – Maintenance and repair – Disaster recovery – Security – Back-up and restore – Administration – Periodic review – Data collection and handling – Change and configuration management Evidence of their implementation
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Horizontal IT audit - basics Training – Staff involved in the validation – Staff involved in routine use of the system – Staff involved in development and maintenance of the system
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Additional considerations Vendor Audit Installation Development Processes Internal IT department
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Additional considerations Vendor Audit (software development) – ISO Quality Systems – SDLC
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Additional considerations Development Processes – Coding – written standards, followed – Code review – pre-planned, documented – Unit tests – owned by developers, documented – Configuration management – Testing: Test Strategy Test Plan, scripts, cases – Error reporting – Release procedure – User documentation (help files, user manual etc)
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Additional considerations Installation – IT department SOP – Protocol, pre-approved and followed – Records – Report
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Additional considerations Internal IT Department processes – Installation – Change Control – Security – Training – Document control etc.
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October Practice makes perfect….. Start small Define audit’s scope Allow plenty of time Start with the general requirements Focus on the words audit and system
Sue Gregory, Genmab A/S, October ….start practising!