Presentation on theme: "OPTIONAL LOGO HERE Prevalence of endometrial cancer in symptamatic women with thickened endometrium Dr Maheswari SRINIVASAN MRCOG SpR, Mrs Shagaf BAKOUR."— Presentation transcript:
1 OPTIONAL LOGO HEREPrevalence of endometrial cancer in symptamatic women with thickened endometriumDr Maheswari SRINIVASAN MRCOG SpR, Mrs Shagaf BAKOUR FRCOG Consultant Obs & Gynae. City Hospitals, Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS trust, BirminghamOPTIONAL LOGO HEREObjectivesMethodsResultsConclusionsBack ground-Endometrial cancers are the most common gynaecologic cancers.Incidence of endometrial cancer is on the rise due to increase in obesity in the world.Endometrial cancer predominantly occurs in the perimenopusal and post menopausal women with thickened endometrium.Risk factors include postmenopausal oestrogen therapy, obesity, a high-fat diet, reproductive factors like nulliparity, early menarche and late menopause, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and tamoxifen use10% of symptomatic women with thickened endometrium will have endometrial carcinoma.The main objective of the diagnostic evaluation of women with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding is exclusion of malignancy.Transvaginal ultrasound is a cost-minimizing screening tool for postmenopausal women with vaginal bleeding.Endometrial polyps are often diagnosed with transvaginal ultrasonography while in some occasions it might be bit difficult.Saline sonography helps in the better detection of endometrial polyps.AimTo ascertain the pick up rate of endometrial cancer in women attended the Post Menopausal Bleeding clinic with Postmenopausal bleeding and thickened endometrium.To ascertain the prevalence of other pathology (polyps) in the same cohort of womenMaterials and Methods:-Post menopausal clinics are in operation in our trust.Retrospective review of the case notes of women who attended with symptoms of post menopausal bleeding over 3 year period from Jan 2008 until Dec 2010.There were 56 clinics262 patients were identified and analysed.All women with symptoms of post menopausal bleeding underwent transvaginal scanning.Women with thickened endometrium of more than 4mm underwent endometrial pipelle biopsy.The number of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer underwent surgical management in the form of total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salphingo oophorectomy.…56 clinics262 women attended.101 women had thickened endometrium ET > 4 mm.Endometrial pipelle samples and further investigations were carried out in these women.13 patients were HRT users.16 patients were on Tamoxifen.Age range yrsTen women were diagnosed with endometrial cancer (10% incidence).Three had cervical cancer.Seven women were diagnosed with complex hyperplasia in the initial pipelle sample, of which endometrial cancer was present in 4 women.21 patient had sonographic findings suggestive of endometrial polyp of which 12 confirmed by the gold standard (hysteroscopy) (57%)10% of women with thickened endometrium turned out to have endometrial cancer this correlates to the international observational studies.56% of women with suspected endometrial polyps were confirmed by hysteroscopy.None of the women with endometrial thickness less than 4 mm found to have carcinoma.ReferencesUltrasonographic evaluation of the endometrium in postmenopausal vaginal bleeding-Davidson KG, Dubinsky TJ.Department of Anesthesiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 6 JCP, Iowa City IA 52242, USA. Radiol Clin North Am Jul;41(4):769-80Transvaginal sonography combined with saline contrast sonohysterography to evaluate the uterine cavity in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding and postmenopausal endometrium more than 5 mm. Kazandi M, Akşehirli S, Cirpan T, Akercan F. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2003; 24(2):Endometrial polyps in postmenopausal women.Domingues AP, Lopes H, Dias I, De Oliveira CF. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2009; 88(5):…
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