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Fetal Development. Create a timeline outlining the stages of human development Label a diagram of the stages of human development KEY WORDS ImplantationEmbryoTrimester.

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Presentation on theme: "Fetal Development. Create a timeline outlining the stages of human development Label a diagram of the stages of human development KEY WORDS ImplantationEmbryoTrimester."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fetal Development

2 Create a timeline outlining the stages of human development Label a diagram of the stages of human development KEY WORDS ImplantationEmbryoTrimester Fetus

3

4 Haploid gametes contain 23 total chromosomes – 22 regular chromosomes and 1 sex chromosome. Two types of sex chromosomes- called X and Y Sperm can have either one X OR one Y. Eggs always have one X chromosome. Every male body cell has one X and one Y. Every female body cell has two X.

5 MEIOSIS– MALES 46 Chromosomes DIPLOID 2n HAPLOID 1n xy xxyyxxyy Female spermMale sperm

6 MEIOSIS– FEMALES 46 Chromosomes DIPLOID 2n HAPLOID 1n xx xxxxxxxx Female egg

7 xx x y Female zygoteMale zygote xx x y

8 Egg and sperm meet in the oviduct - fertilization. Sex is determined by the male at fertilization. Nuclei are joined to produce a single diploid cell called a zygote. 2 stages of development - fertilization to birth: 1.Embryo stage: first eight weeks. 2.Fetus stage: from eight weeks to birth.

9 1.Embryo Stage Zygote implants in endometrial lining and begins to grow (divide) by mitosis for first eight weeks. Once implanted – called an embryo. Cleavage: mitotic divisions begin, changing zygote to a multicellular embryo.

10 2. Fetus Stage Developing embryo forms bone cells around the ninth week of pregnancy. Once bone forms - called a fetus until born. Placenta - exchanges waste and nutrients through umbilical cord. Amnion – protective sac filled with fluid.

11 Pregnancy can also be divided in 3 trimesters: 1 st trimester – conception to 3 rd month development of all body systems and organs. sex can be determined embryo movements not perceptible to the woman. she may not know that she is pregnant At end - fetus weighs 28 grams, 7.5 mm long. fetus is particularly sensitive to alcohol, smoking and other drugs.

12 1 st trimester

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14 2 nd trimester – 4 th to 6 th months period of rapid and continuous growth. Only brain and lungs still developing. embryo movements can be felt. At end - fetus weighs 650 grams, 30 cm long. If born prematurely: Might survive with great medical assistance. Most do not survive.

15 2 nd trimester

16 3 rd trimester – 7 th to 9 th (birth) month fetus kicks, stretches and moves freely. Eyes sense light, fingerprints have formed. At end – fetus weighs 3300 grams, 35 cm long. Dangers include complications during delivery and lifestyle choices.

17 3 rd trimester

18 And then, before you know it...

19 Zygote at fertilization. Embryo at implantation to endometrium. Fetus after bone development. Baby at birth. Fertilization to birth can be separated into 2 stages – embryo and fetus. Pregnancy can be separated into 3 trimester.

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21 Homologous chromosomes are similar but NOT identical. Homologous means that the chromosomes contain the same types of genes. Gene - piece of DNA with instructions for a specific trait – hair colour, height, eye colour…

22 A diploid cell will contain two variations of each gene. 1 – mom 1 – dad


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