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Www.jeffboriswellness.com JEFF BORIS, B.PHE, CPTN-CPT.M Holistic Fitness Trainer, Nutrition & Health Research Educator UNLOCKING THE SECRETS OF CHILDHOOD.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.jeffboriswellness.com JEFF BORIS, B.PHE, CPTN-CPT.M Holistic Fitness Trainer, Nutrition & Health Research Educator UNLOCKING THE SECRETS OF CHILDHOOD."— Presentation transcript:

1 JEFF BORIS, B.PHE, CPTN-CPT.M Holistic Fitness Trainer, Nutrition & Health Research Educator UNLOCKING THE SECRETS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY

2 PROGRAMMED AT BIRTH. CREATED BY CHOICE. CONDITIONED BY EXAMPLE. Dec. 26, 2005 Aug. ?, 2009

3 REALITY CHECK Only 9% of Canadian parents of obese children under the age of 18 recognize that their children are overweight or obese. (Healthy Weights for Healthy Kids, March 2007) The childhood obesity epidemic worldwide is thought to have begun in 1970 (+/-10yrs) and it is estimated that an additional 350,000 children worldwide have become obese each and every year since then. (Int’l Conference on Physical Activity & Obesity in Children, Toronto, June 2007) The number of obese children/youth in Canada increased by over 35% from 2003 to (Canada’s Report Card on Physical Activity for Children & Youth, 2007) 1 in 3 school age kids is either overweight or obese in Canada today.

4 (2006, Hypothyroidism) School age children today will be the first generation of modern society expected to have a lower quality of life and lower life expectancy than their parents. REALITY CHECK

5 Our Real Epidemic We don’t have an epidemic of obesity Although OBESITY has reached epidemic proportions, it is part of a deeper root cause…

6 We Have an Epidemic of NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY 7 out of 10 children do not eat the recommended daily minimum of five to nine servings of fruits & vegetables per day. More than one-fifth of total calories consumed by 4 to 18 year olds is derived from foods high in sugar, fat, and salt. A quarter of Grade 4 students and almost half of Grade 8 students don’t eat breakfast every day.

7 We Have an Epidemic of INACTIVITY 91% of Canadian children DO NOT get the amount of physical activity prescribed in Canada’s Physical Activity Guidelines for Children & Youth. Average TV viewing time for 10-16yr olds is 6hrs per day. GOAL: 90 minutes of daily physical activity (periods of 5-10min). Limit television to 2hrs per day. (No TV under 2yrs)

8 We Have an Epidemic of ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY “Immunotoxicity: asthma, allergies, cancers, and chronic viral infections. Neurological toxicity: cognition, mood, and chronic neurological illnesses. Endocrine toxicity: reproduction, menses, libido, metabolism, stress- handling ability, glucose regulation.” (Altern Med Rev 2000; 5(1):52-63) “Immunotoxicity: asthma, allergies, cancers, and chronic viral infections. Neurological toxicity: cognition, mood, and chronic neurological illnesses. Endocrine toxicity: reproduction, menses, libido, metabolism, stress- handling ability, glucose regulation.” (Altern Med Rev 2000; 5(1):52-63) “Chemicals have replaced bacteria and viruses as the main threat to health. The diseases we are beginning to see as the major causes of death in the latter part of (the 1900's) and into the 21st century are diseases of chemical origin.” Dr. Dick Irwin, Toxicologist, Texas A&M University

9 Tremblay, Katzmarzyk & Willms. Int J Obes 2002; 26: Temporal Trends In Obesity, Canada, Temporal Trends In Obesity, Canada,

10 Tremblay, Katzmarzyk & Willms. Int J Obes 2002; 26: Temporal Trends In Overweight, Canada, Temporal Trends In Overweight, Canada,

11 OBESOGENIC ENVIRONMENT Programmed for Obesity & Disease (within physiology & psychology):  Nutrigenomics  Envirogenomics  Environmental Barriers (accessibility to unhealthy vs. healthy food choices, outdoor play safety concerns)  Economic Barriers (cost discrepancy in healthy vs. unhealthy food choices, income challenges)  Lifestyle Challenges (single-parent families, working parents, extra-curricular activities, television & computers)  “Brainwashing” & Mental Conditioning (media, children’s books, family role models, peers) Programmed for Obesity & Disease (within physiology & psychology):  Nutrigenomics  Envirogenomics  Environmental Barriers (accessibility to unhealthy vs. healthy food choices, outdoor play safety concerns)  Economic Barriers (cost discrepancy in healthy vs. unhealthy food choices, income challenges)  Lifestyle Challenges (single-parent families, working parents, extra-curricular activities, television & computers)  “Brainwashing” & Mental Conditioning (media, children’s books, family role models, peers)

12 PROGRAMMED AT BIRTH. CREATED BY CHOICE. CONDITIONED BY EXAMPLE.

13 THE MOST SUSCEPTIBLE YEARS 1.Before Birth: Pre-natal nutrition, Maternal Toxicity 2.Years 1 – 3: Post-natal nutrition, Environmental Toxicity 3.Years 3 – 5 (highly impressionable): Role-modeling, Social conditioning, Media influences, Entertainment technology 1.Before Birth: Pre-natal nutrition, Maternal Toxicity 2.Years 1 – 3: Post-natal nutrition, Environmental Toxicity 3.Years 3 – 5 (highly impressionable): Role-modeling, Social conditioning, Media influences, Entertainment technology “During childhood behaviours are more amenable to change. Tackling this issue now is an effective way of reducing their risks in the future.” – Shauna Burke, asst. professor & researcher, UWO, Children’s Health & Activity Modification Program (CHAMP)

14 ObesityObesity Mature Onset Obesity – Adult Type Childhood Obesity – Juvenille Type Increased size of fat cells Increased size of fat cells Cell number fairly constant Cell number fairly constant Increased number of fat cells (3 rd trimester, 1 st year, puberty)Increased number of fat cells (3 rd trimester, 1 st year, puberty) Increase in cell sizeIncrease in cell size THE CRITICAL DEVELOPMENTAL PERIOD …for immunity, brain development, digestive function, obesity… PLUS… Highly impressionable with new behaviours and taste preferences Increased sensitivity to environmental toxins PLUS… Highly impressionable with new behaviours and taste preferences Increased sensitivity to environmental toxins

15 Brain Chemistry May Spur Unhealthy Behaviours (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 2006) Research suggests that an under active brain serotonin system may help drive people to smoke, eat poorly and stay sedentary. "Until now, no one had studied the possibility that brain abnormalities could explain why some people make these poor lifestyle choices.” BRAIN CHEMISTRY and the PHYSIOLOGY of MOTIVATION BRAIN CHEMISTRY and the PHYSIOLOGY of MOTIVATION “When our body chemistry is out of balance, the mind and body will respond by producing chemicals that alter behaviour.” – Lisa Shock, B.Sc., Dr. Robert Erdmann, Ph.D., Food Cravings: Their Causes and Their Cures

16 Food Abuse = Child Abuse French fries were one of the three most common vegetables consumed by infants 9 to 11 months of age. By 15 to 18 months, french fries were the most common vegetable. Almost half (46%) of 7- to 8-month-olds consumed some type of dessert, sweet, or sweetened beverage. (J Am Diet Assoc) French fries were one of the three most common vegetables consumed by infants 9 to 11 months of age. By 15 to 18 months, french fries were the most common vegetable. Almost half (46%) of 7- to 8-month-olds consumed some type of dessert, sweet, or sweetened beverage. (J Am Diet Assoc) NUTRITION COUNTS FROM DAY ONE! The early indicators of heart disease have been found in the arteries of babies only a year old. The early indicators of heart disease have been found in the arteries of babies only a year old. New study reveals: OBESE KIDS (ave. age = 13) HAVE ARTERIES OF 45-YEAR-OLDS New study reveals: OBESE KIDS (ave. age = 13) HAVE ARTERIES OF 45-YEAR-OLDS – CTV News, Nov.11, 2008

17 INFANT FORMULA & PROCESSED BABY FOOD DO NOT EQUAL HEALTHY BABIES A survey of more than 100 baby/toddler foods found examples that were 29% sugar and many that contained trans fats. Only ½ were low in sugar, salt, and saturated fat.A survey of more than 100 baby/toddler foods found examples that were 29% sugar and many that contained trans fats. Only ½ were low in sugar, salt, and saturated fat. Rocket fuel chemical found in most powdered infant formulas.Rocket fuel chemical found in most powdered infant formulas. SOY FORMULAS Adversely affecting hormone levels (i.e. reduced testosterone)Adversely affecting hormone levels (i.e. reduced testosterone) Impaired thyroid functionImpaired thyroid function Increased risk of behavioural problemsIncreased risk of behavioural problems 2,000 times higher exposure to estrogens2,000 times higher exposure to estrogens NUTRITION COUNTS FROM DAY ONE!

18 Breastfeeding Obesity in children is much easier to prevent than to treat. Prevention can begin very early – in early infancy with a baby’s first meal. Some recent research studies have concluded that newborns who are breastfed for the first six months of life are less likely to become obese than babies who consume commercial formula products. In fact, the longer an infant is breastfed, the greater the protective effects against obesity. JAMA 2001;285: American Journal of Epidemiology, 2005;162: Epidemiology 2006:17(1): NUTRITION COUNTS FROM DAY ONE!

19 Mother's Diet May Have Long Term Impact On Child's Health & Food Preferences "It seems that a mother's diet whilst pregnant and breastfeeding is very important for the long term health of her child," says Dr Bayol. "We always say 'you are what you eat'. In fact, it may also be true that 'you are what your mother ate.“ Bayol, S. et al. Offspring from mothers fed a "junk food" diet in pregnancy and lactation exhibit exacerbated adiposity which is more pronounced in females. Journal of Physiology, published 1 July Bayol, S. et al. Offspring from mothers fed a "junk food" diet in pregnancy and lactation exhibit exacerbated adiposity which is more pronounced in females. Journal of Physiology, published 1 July Oken, E. et al. Gestational weight gain and child adiposity at age 3 years. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, April Reilly, J. et al. Early life risk factors for obesity in childhood: cohort study. British Medical Journal, published online 20 May 2005.

20 Calories 110 Fat 2 g Sugar 1 g Fiber 3 g Calories 110 Fat 1 g Sugar 6 g Fiber 3 g Calories 120 Fat 1 g Sugar 14 g Fiber 0 g Are Cocoa Puffs really part of a healthy breakfast? MAKE BREAKFAST COUNT

21 20 years ago Today 3-inch diameter 140 calories 6-inch diameter 350 calories PORTION DISTORTION Bagel

22 HOW IT ADDS UP Consumed twice a week for 36 weeks: ½ cup of oven french fries 1 cup of oven french fries 1 ½ cups of oven french fries Potential increase in body weight in one school year 2.3 lbs. 2.3 lbs. 4.5 lbs. 4.5 lbs. 7 lbs. 7 lbs.

23 ACTIVITY CONCERNS  20% of Canadian kids receive daily physical education.  41% receive one to two days per week.  10% receive none at all.  87% of Canadian Schools have equipment and facilities for physical education programs rated as inadequate. Canadian Assoc. for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance: Canadian Council of University Physical Education and Kinesiology Administrators

24 Timing and Intensity of Exercise May Affect Nutrient Intake and Birth Weight EXERCISING FOR TWO Studies have shown that, in general, women who exercise throughout their pregnancies have larger placentas than their more sedentary peers. Studies have shown that, in general, women who exercise throughout their pregnancies have larger placentas than their more sedentary peers. The volume of your placenta is a general marker of its ability to transport oxygen and nutrients to your fetus, so it stands to reason that having a large, healthy placenta will lead to a healthier baby. The volume of your placenta is a general marker of its ability to transport oxygen and nutrients to your fetus, so it stands to reason that having a large, healthy placenta will lead to a healthier baby. Women who exercised at the same rate throughout their pregnancy, or boosted the intensity of their exercise regimen later in pregnancy, gave birth to infants who were lighter and had less body fat than women who slowed down in the final trimester. Women who exercised at the same rate throughout their pregnancy, or boosted the intensity of their exercise regimen later in pregnancy, gave birth to infants who were lighter and had less body fat than women who slowed down in the final trimester. Am J Obstet Gynecol Jan;186(1):142-7.

25 “The level of chemicals in the environment is purported to coincide with the incidence of obesity.” (Heindel, J. Cellular, Organs, and Systems Pathobiology Branch, Division of Extramural Research & Training, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH) “ The commonly held causes of obesity – overeating and inactivity – do not explain the current obesity epidemic” (Baillie-Hamilton, DPhil. Chemical Toxins: A hypothesis to explain the global obesity epidemic. J. Alt. & Comp. Med. April, Vol.8, No.2:pp ) “ The commonly held causes of obesity – overeating and inactivity – do not explain the current obesity epidemic” (Baillie-Hamilton, DPhil. Chemical Toxins: A hypothesis to explain the global obesity epidemic. J. Alt. & Comp. Med. April, Vol.8, No.2:pp )

26 HOW TOXIC ARE WE?

27 Lesser Known Facts About Environmental Toxicity 80,000 chemicals in use today; 85% unstudied for their toxicological effects80,000 chemicals in use today; 85% unstudied for their toxicological effects Only 5 banned since 1976Only 5 banned since 1976 Bisphenol A, Phthalates (endocrine disruptors):Bisphenol A, Phthalates (endocrine disruptors):  ¾ of all name-brand products contain them  Investigated as a drug for hormone treatment in1940’s  Industry-funded studies revealed 0% proof  Independent studies revealed over 90% proof  FDA does not seek independent studies, but only evaluates studies presented to them 80,000 chemicals in use today; 85% unstudied for their toxicological effects80,000 chemicals in use today; 85% unstudied for their toxicological effects Only 5 banned since 1976Only 5 banned since 1976 Bisphenol A, Phthalates (endocrine disruptors):Bisphenol A, Phthalates (endocrine disruptors):  ¾ of all name-brand products contain them  Investigated as a drug for hormone treatment in1940’s  Industry-funded studies revealed 0% proof  Independent studies revealed over 90% proof  FDA does not seek independent studies, but only evaluates studies presented to them

28 A TOXIC BEGINNING Body Burden — The Pollution in Newborns A benchmark investigation of industrial chemicals, pollutants and pesticides in umbilical cord blood Environmental Working Group, July 14, 2005 Average of 200 industrial chemicals and pollutants in umbilical cord blood Among them are 8 perfluorochemicals used as stain and oil repellants in fast food packaging, clothes and textiles — including the Teflon chemical PFOA, recently characterized as a likely human carcinogen by the EPA's Science Advisory Board — dozens of widely used brominated flame retardants and their toxic by-products; and numerous pesticides. Of the 287 chemicals we detected in umbilical cord blood, we know that 180 cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system, and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development in animal tests. Average of 200 industrial chemicals and pollutants in umbilical cord blood Among them are 8 perfluorochemicals used as stain and oil repellants in fast food packaging, clothes and textiles — including the Teflon chemical PFOA, recently characterized as a likely human carcinogen by the EPA's Science Advisory Board — dozens of widely used brominated flame retardants and their toxic by-products; and numerous pesticides. Of the 287 chemicals we detected in umbilical cord blood, we know that 180 cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system, and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development in animal tests.

29 Study links pesticides to birth defects: Risk rises for babies conceived in spring, summer, when chemical concentrations peakStudy links pesticides to birth defects: Risk rises for babies conceived in spring, summer, when chemical concentrations peak “The Disappearing Male” (CBC Report)“The Disappearing Male” (CBC Report)  First example of “human extinction” (World Congress on Reproductive Health)  ½ the amount of sperm produced by today’s college age males compared to their fathers; up to 85% abnormal Study links pesticides to birth defects: Risk rises for babies conceived in spring, summer, when chemical concentrations peakStudy links pesticides to birth defects: Risk rises for babies conceived in spring, summer, when chemical concentrations peak “The Disappearing Male” (CBC Report)“The Disappearing Male” (CBC Report)  First example of “human extinction” (World Congress on Reproductive Health)  ½ the amount of sperm produced by today’s college age males compared to their fathers; up to 85% abnormal TOXIC WORLD, TOXIC WOMB

30 The Choice to Create a Healthier Future or Contribute to Disease is Ours “In utero exposure to environmental chemicals alter gene expression in ways that do not result in low birth weight or malformations but in functional deficits later in life where they surface as increased susceptibility to disease.” (Heindel, J. Cellular, Organs, and Systems Pathobiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH) NUTRIGENOMICS: “Introduction of key nutrients (esp. at critical periods of development) alter gene expression in ways that result in functional benefits where they surface as increased susceptibility to health!”

31 1. “Chemicals appear to cause weight gain by interfering with elements of the human weight control system – such as alterations in hormones, altered sensitivity to neurotransmitters, or altered activity of the sympathetic nervous system.” (Heindel, J. Cellular, Organs, and Systems Pathobiology Branch, Division of Extramural Research & Training, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH) Toxins INHIBIT Fat Loss FAT IS AN ORGAN! (Cell, Vol. 116, , January, 2004.) (Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 11, Issue 8, , October 2000.) 2. Body protects itself by storing toxins in fat tissue. 3. Although the actual # of fat cells remains constant, old fat cells are replaced by new ones… “Healthy vs. Unhealthy Fat Cells”

32 HOW TOXINS AFFECT WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Fat stored to protect from impurities Impurities are released so body sheds fat Better overall health with less fat and more lean muscle Cleansing of Impurities Traditional Weight Loss Smaller body means increased percentage of impurities Body senses increased level of impurities and goes into emergency fat production ­ REBOUND! Fat stored to protect from impurities The Set-Point Theory of Weight Control

33 The Human Species will not reject its environment; it will die trying to achieve homeostasis through adaptation.

34 BEGIN LIFE ORGANICALLY Organic Diets Significantly Lower Children's Dietary Exposure to Organophosphorus Pesticides Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 114, Number 2, February 2006 Pesticide levels of 23 children were measured before and after switching to an organic diet. After just 5 consecutive days, pesticides decreased to undetectable levels, remaining that way until conventional diets were reintroduced. “In conclusion, we were able to demonstrate that an organic diet provides a dramatic and immediate protective effect against exposures to organophosphorus pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural production. We also concluded that these children were most likely exposed to these organophosphorus pesticides exclusively through their diet.”

35 CONCLUSIONSCONCLUSIONS Children’s eating has changed over the same period obesity has increased.Children’s eating has changed over the same period obesity has increased. Our children’s eating and their physical activity are both important.Our children’s eating and their physical activity are both important. Range of factors in the environment that influence children’s eating and activity levels.Range of factors in the environment that influence children’s eating and activity levels. The impact of toxins as a missing link also needs to be addressed.The impact of toxins as a missing link also needs to be addressed. Parents, the family and community environment are critically important in the equationParents, the family and community environment are critically important in the equation

36 Who’s responsibility is it?

37 “Just as important is increasing overall healthy behaviours of the family. If the family is not committed and on board, it is difficult for the child to make the changes. The real focus is strengthening parenting skills.” – Shauna Burke, asst. professor & researcher, UWO, Children’s Health & Activity Modification Program (CHAMP) THE FAMILY FACTOR: The Power of Example A 1998 Statistics Canada survey found 64% (vs. 36%) of children (5-14yrs) participated in sports when one or both parents were active. This figure jumped to 86% when at least one parent was active and involved in sport on a volunteer basis.

38 LEADING BY EXAMPLE

39 The Seed of a Child’s Health begins in our hands… What Legacy are we leaving them?

40 J eff B oris W ellness S olutions © My Passion is Learning; My Mission to Educate; Those Seeking Truth Give Me Purpose. THANK-YOU! Tel: (519) Holistic Fitness & Nutrition Research & EducationHolistic Fitness & Nutrition Research & Education Powerpoints, Webinars/Seminars, Articles and More!Powerpoints, Webinars/Seminars, Articles and More! Professional & Profitable PartnershipsProfessional & Profitable Partnerships Holistic Fitness & Nutrition Research & EducationHolistic Fitness & Nutrition Research & Education Powerpoints, Webinars/Seminars, Articles and More!Powerpoints, Webinars/Seminars, Articles and More! Professional & Profitable PartnershipsProfessional & Profitable Partnerships


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