Ovaries-produce estrogen and ova (the egg) Fallopian tubes-carry an ovum (fertilized egg) to the uterus Uterus- surrounds and supports growing fetus during pregnancy Vagina- birth canal during childbirth and menstrual fluids exit the body through the vagina Vulva- surrounds outside of the vagina for protection Mammary glands- produce milk to feed infants and housed in breast FEMALE PHYSIOLOGY
Ovulation-the ovaries produce a mature egg and is before menstruation Fertilization-when sperm reaches the egg it then turns into an embryo and travels to the uterus Menstruation-sperm does not reach the egg so the body kills the it and get rid of it through this process Pregnancy-after fertilization and the embryo grows and the infant is born Lactation- production and the release of milk for the infant to consume FEMALE PHYSIOLOGY CONT.
Scrotum-keep the testes at a slightly lower temperature than the rest of the body Testes-produces testosterone and sperm Epididymis-storage of sperm Spermatic chords & Ductus deferens- contain nerves, veins, arteries and lymphatic vessels that help the testes function http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GArALyhGtfQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GArALyhGtfQ MALE PHYSIOLOGY
Circulatory The blood vessels carry nourishment to the fetus. Assist in the male process causes the male hormones to grow. Skeletal Reproductive hormones cause bones to become denser and taller. Then in women their hips become wider so they can bare children. Nervous The head of the fetus pushes against the cervix then nerve impulses from the cervix are transmitted to the brain. Then the brain simulate the pituitary gland to secrete a hormone which creates contractions. The reproductive hormones affect brain development and the brain controls mating behavior. RELATIONSHIPS
Digestive Breaks down nutrients and is delivered to the reproductive organs. Endocrine The reproductive organs produce hormones for the endocrine system. Hormones are released and puberty begins in both male and females. Urinary The urethra allows both sperm and urine to travel through it (male). RELATIONSHIPS
Cancer Herpes HIV Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Most common sexually transmitted infection DISEASES