Introduction "The termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus" WINDSOR UNIVERITY
Introduction the medical website, defines pregnancy in these words - In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. A spontaneous abortion is the same as a miscarriage.
Introduction In this sense, Abortion may be a spontaneous expulsion of the human fetus, often during the early weeks of pregnancy, or may be induced externally. WINDSOR UNIVERITY
Types of Abortion Types of Abortion Spontaneous Induced WINDSOR UNIVERITY
Spontaneous Abortion WINDSOR UNIVERITY Spontaneous abortion, though regrettable, does not carry any ethical stigma as it is not the willful termination of pregnancy by any human agency
Induced Abortion Abortion may be induced due to a number of factors – to protect the woman’s life and physical health, to terminate an unplanned pregnancy resulting from rape, to avert the possibility of giving birth to a child with congenital disabilities, due to a number of socio-economic factors (including selective sex abortions), as a result of unstable mental health on the part of the woman. WINDSOR UNIVERITY
Pro-Life or Pro-Choice? The abortion debate centers on a number of issues. Is killing a fetus or terminating a pregnancy the same as killing a person?
WINDSOR UNIVERITY When does Life Begin ◦ The genetic view life begins with the acquisition of a novel genome ◦ The embryologic view life begins when the embryo undergoes gastrulation, and twinning is no longer possible (Day 14) ◦ The neurological view life begins when a distinct EEG pattern can be detected, about 24 to 27 weeks ◦ At or near birth measured by fetal viability outside the mother’s body
Summary Summary The defining characteristic of mammalian life, including human life, is the continuous process of development, which starts at fertilization and ends at death. WINDSOR UNIVERITY