Frequent visits to the doctor Proper immunizations (rubella) Healthy diet- Vitamin and Mineral Intake (folic acid, iron, vitamin A) Healthy weight-Physical Activity Limit medications No smoking No alcohol/drug use
Weeks 4 to 28: 1 visit per month (every 4 weeks) Weeks 28 to 36: 2 visits per month (every 2 to 3 weeks) Weeks 36 to birth: 1 visit per week
Low birth weight of baby Health concerns of the mother-gestational diabetes, high blood pressure Premature delivery Mental Retardation of baby-if smoking/drugs/alcohol are involved Spinal conditions of the baby-poor nutrition
The First Trimester-Weeks 1-13 Week 2: Conception is the moment at which the sperm penetrates the ovum. Once fertilized it is called a zygote, until it reaches the uterus 3-4 days later.
The First Trimester-Weeks 1-13 Week 6: The embryo is about 1/5 of an inch in length. A primitive heart is beating. Head, mouth, liver, and intestines begin to take shape.
The First Trimester-Weeks 1-13 Week 10: The embryo is now about 1 inch in length. Facial features, limbs, hands feet fingers and toes become apparent. The nervous system is responsive and many of the internal organs begin to function.
The Second Trimester-Weeks 14-26 Week 14: The fetus is now 3 inches long and weighs almost an ounce. The muscles begin to develop and sex organs form. Eyelids, fingernails, and toenails also form. The child's spontaneous movements can be observed.
The Second Trimester-Weeks 14-26 Week 18: The fetus is now about 5 inches long. The child blinks, grasps, and moves her mouth. Hair grows on the head and body.
The Second Trimester-Weeks 14-26 Week 22: The fetus now weighs approximately 1/2 a pound and spans about 10 inches from head to toe. Sweat glands develop, and the external skin has turned from transparent to opaque.
The Third Trimester-Weeks 27-end Week 26: The fetus can now inhale, exhale and even cry. Eyes have completely formed, and the tongue has developed taste buds. Under intensive medical care the fetus has a over a 50% chance of surviving outside the womb.
The Third Trimester-Weeks 27-end Week 30: The fetus is usually capable of living outside the womb and would be considered premature at birth. Week 40: This marks the end of the normal gestational period. The child is now ready to live in outside of his mother's womb.