Presentation on theme: "Conrad Hilton Подготовила : Палюлина Марта МГ-24."— Presentation transcript:
Conrad Hilton Подготовила : Палюлина Марта МГ-24
Early life C.N. ("Connie") Hilton was born in the unincorporated town of San Antonio currently known by the U.S. Census as San Antonito - Socorro County, in the new Mexico Territory. His father, Augustus Halvorsen "Gus" Hilton, was an immigrant from Norway, and his devout Catholic mother, Mary Genevieve (née Laufersweiler), was an American of German descent. Hilton grew up with eight siblings: Felice A. Hilton, Eva C. Hilton, Carl H. Hilton, Julian Hilton (died in infancy), Rosemary J. Hilton, August H. ("Boy") Hilton and Helen A. Hilton. Hilton attended Goss military (New Mexico Military Institute), and St. Michael's College (now the College of Santa), and the New Mexico School of Mines (now New Mexico Tech).
He was a member of the international fraternity Tau Kappa Epsilon. In his early twenties, Hilton was a Republican representative in the first New Mexico Legislature, when the state was newly formed. He served two years in the U.S Army during World War. His father was killed in a car accident while he was serving in the Army in France.The most enduring influence to shape Hilton's philanthropic philosophy beyond that of his parents was the Roman Catholic Church and his sisters. He credited his mother with guiding him to prayer and the church whenever he was troubled or dismayed — from the boyhood loss of a beloved pony to severe financial losses during the Great Depression. His mother continually reminded him that prayer was the best investment he would ever make.
Career As a young boy, Hilton developed entrepreneurial skills working at his father's general store in Socorro Country, New Mexico. This was followed by varried experiences, including a stint as a representative in New Mexico's first State Legislature and a career decision to become a banker.
It was with the intention of buying a bank that he arrived in Texas at the height of the oil boom. He bought his first hotel instead, the 40-room Mobley Hotel in Cisco, Texas, in 1919, when a bank purchase fell through. The hotel did such brisk business that rooms changed hands as much as three times a day, and the dining room was converted into additional rooms to meet the demand.
He went on to buy and build hotels throughout Texas, including the high rise Dallas Hilton, opened in 1925; the Abilene Hilton in 1927; Waco Hilton in 1928; and El Paso Hilton in 1930. He built his first hotel outside of Texas in 1939 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, today known as the Hotel Andaluz. During the Great Depression Hilton was nearly forced into bankruptcy and lost several of his hotels. Nonetheless he was retained as manager of a combined chain, and eventually regained control of his remaining eight hotels.Dallas HiltonEl Paso HiltonAlbuquerque, New MexicoHotel AndaluzGreat Depressionbankruptcy Over the next decade he expanded west to California and east to Chicago and New York, crowning his exapnsions with such acquisitions as the Stevens Hotel in Chicago (then the world's larges hotel), and the fabled Waldorf-Astoria in New York. He formed the Hilton Hotels Corporation in 1946, and Hilton International Company in 1948.Stevens HotelWaldorf-AstoriaHilton Hotels CorporationHilton International Company
During the 1950s and 1960s, Hilton Hotels' worldwide expansion facilitated both American tourism and overseas business by American corporations. It was the world's first international hotel chain, at the same time promulgating a certain worldwide standard for hotel accommodations. In all, Hilton eventually owned 188 hotels in thirty-eight cities in the U.S., including the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D. C., the Palmer House in Chicago, and the Plaza Hotel and Waldorf-Astoria in New York City, along with fifty-four hotels abroad. He later purchased the Carte Blanche Credit Company and an interest in the American Crystal Sugar Company, as well as other enterprises.Mayflower Hotel Washington, D. C.Palmer HousePlaza Hotel Waldorf-AstoriaCarte Blanche
Hilton received honorary degrees from the University of Detroit (1953), DePaul University (1954), Barat College (1955), Adelphi College (1957), Sophia University, Tokyo (1963), and the University of Albuquerque (1975). Hilton's autobiography, Be My Guest, was published in 1957 by Prentice Hall. In 1966, Hilton was succeeded as president by his son Barron and was elected chairman of the board.University of DetroitDePaul UniversityBarat CollegeAdelphi CollegeSophia UniversityUniversity of AlbuquerquePrentice HallpresidentBarronchairman of the board