Presentation on theme: "CHAPÎTRE 2. VOCABULAIRE – LA PREMIÈRE PARTIE habiter arriver quitter donner chercher regarder to live to arrive to leave to give to look for to look at."— Presentation transcript:
VOCABULAIRE – LA PREMIÈRE PARTIE habiter arriver quitter donner chercher regarder to live to arrive to leave to give to look for to look at
étudier écouter travailler jouer au foot au basket to study to listen to to work to play football basketball
poser une question passer un examen déjeuner rentrer à la maison écouter la radio parler au téléphone to ask a question to take a test to eat lunch to return home to listen to the radio to talk on the phone
voyager nager manger rigoler aimer détester to travel to swim to eat to laugh to like/to love to hate
PRATIQUONS AVEC LES PLANCHES BLANCHES White Board Practice
“USING VERBS” REVIEW (DON’T WRITE) What does it mean to conjugate a verb? What is an infinitive ? What are some example of infinitives in English? So far, what is the only verb you know how to conjugate?
HOW DO I CONJUGATE -ER VERBS? The first step is dropping the “-er.” This gives you the “stem.” Then you will add the following endings.
je e tu es il elle e nous ons vous ez ils elles ent
QUICK RECAP (DON’T WRITE) Drop the “-er” to get the stem of a verb. Then, depending on the subject pronoun, add the correct ending. You will do this every time you have a subject.
SO, LET’S DO AN EXAMPLE (WRITE THIS IF YOU WANT TO) First you will select the verb: Regarder Now, you will find the root: drop the –er Next you add the appropriate endings to the root of REGARD
REGARDER je regarde tu regardes il regarde elle regarde nous regardons vous regardez ils regardent elles regardent
HOW DO I TRANSLATE THESE VERBS? When the verb is conjugated it has three meanings; am watching, do watch, and watch. Tu regardes will translate as : You are watching; you do watch; and you watch. You do not need any other verb!
They are eating lunch. Ils déjeunent. We are playing. Nous jouons. I study. J’étudie.
They are taking a test. Ils passent un examen. We are spending the day at school. Nous passons la journée à l’école. You live in Nasville. Tu habites à Nashville. She is not working. Elle ne travaille pas.
THERE WILL BE A QUIZ NEXT CLASS Now, let’s play a game.
WHAT DOES “ON” MEAN? You will see and hear the word on a great deal. On has several meanings, such as “we,” “they,” and “people.” On always takes the il/elle form of the verb. In spoken French, people use on more often than nous.
On parle français en France. On travaille beaucoup. On arrive à l’école le matin.
VERB + INFINITIVE In French when verbs like aimer, détester, and adorer are followed by another verb, the second verb is in the infinitive form. In a negative sentence the ne…pas goes around the conjugated verb.
He likes to laugh. Il aime rigoler. I adore listening (to listen) to the radio. J’adore écouter la radio. People dislike working (to work). On déteste travailler. You all do not like to work? Vous n’aimez pas travailler?
1. I like to travel. 2. You don’t like to study. 3. People like to talk on the telephone. 4. Some schools are small. 5. She hates taking tests. 6. We don’t like to play basketball. 7. We love eating lunch. 8. You all are not listening. 9. She is a student.
HOW DO I ASK A QUESTION 2 easy ways Use your voice You all like to study? Add “n’est-ce pas” N’est-ce pas = …right? You all like to study, right?
2 OTHER WAYS Add “est-ce que” (is it that) Est-ce que vous aimez étudier? Use Inversion – flip the subject pronoun and verb Aimez-vous étudier? For both ways, you can be more specific, by adding a question word at the beginning. Quand est-ce que vous aimez étudier? Quand aimez-vous étudier?
2 WEIRD THINGS ABOUT INVERSION You have to invert with a pronoun. Lycée Hillsboro, est-il grand? Les amies de Marie, sont-elles intelligentes? When using il, elle, or on and an –er verb – add a “t” in the middle. M. Johnson, où aime-t-il manger? L’amie de Paul, quand parle-t-elle au téléphone?
WRITE EACH OF THESE TWO WAYS Do you like to study? What do you like to eat? Why is he studying? Where do they live? When are you playing football?