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BY REBECCA L. MANN. the courts may make an equitable division of the property belonging to either or both, whether the title to such property is in the.

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Presentation on theme: "BY REBECCA L. MANN. the courts may make an equitable division of the property belonging to either or both, whether the title to such property is in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 BY REBECCA L. MANN

2 the courts may make an equitable division of the property belonging to either or both, whether the title to such property is in the name of the husband or the wife. In making such division of the property, the court shall have regard for equity and the circumstances of the parties.

3 Prenuptial Agreement Set it aside as “Non-marital” Property Have it Awarded to You in the Property Settlement

4 -Husband’s non- marital property -Wife’s non-marital property -Marital property

5 Inherited and gifted property is not automatically excluded from the marital property

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7 Factors To Consider 1.Duration of Marriage 2.Value of the property owned by the parties 3.Ages of the parties 4.Health of the parties 5.Competency of the parties to earn a living 6.Contribution of each party to the accumulation of the property 7.Income producing capacity of the parties’ assets.

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9 So the ranch is in the marital property pile. Now what? The Court will make an “equitable” division of the property.

10 Factors To Consider 1.Duration of Marriage 2.Value of the property owned by the parties 3.Ages of the parties 4.Health of the parties 5.Competency of the parties to earn a living 6.Contribution of each party to the accumulation of the property 7.Income producing capacity of the parties’ assets.

11 Courts are very reluctant to Require a lump sum payment that necessitates a sale of the ranch. Divide up the Ranch

12 HOWEVER An equitable property division is paramount to keeping the ranch intact.

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14 HERS HIS Award wife some land but require her to lease it back to husband. Usually with a right of first refusal and/or an option to purchase Solves cash flow problem with buy out optionHave to agree and be able to work together

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16 Rebecca L. Mann

17 Benefits of “Gun Trusts” Ready, Aim…Trust!

18 What’s a “Gun Trust” How is this applicable to you? – Own a NFA Firearm (Title II or “Class 3” weapons) for Personal use – Family or group use – Collectors – Antiques – Investment – Estate planning – You might already own a NFA Firearm – Know your opposition Target Overview

19 Special rules for certain “Firearms” – Weapons not illegal to own, just prohibitively-regulated – GCA of 1968; Firearm Owners’ Protection Act of 1986 – Individual states can be more restrictive. All Title II firearms are legal in South Dakota. Penalties for Violations – Steep penalties for improper possession, transfer, inheritance, use… Ex: family member, State lines – $250,000 – 10 years The National Firearms Act, et al

20 What is a NFA “Firearm?” |------- < 18 Inches --------| Short Barreled Shotguns (“SBS”) Not just for robbin’ stagecoaches. Example: protecting the chickens

21 What is a NFA Firearm? Short Barreled Rifles (“SBR”) < 16 inches

22 What is a NFA Firearm? Machinegun

23 What is a NFA Firearm? Silencers

24 What is a NFA Firearm? Any Other Weapon (“AOW”)

25 What is a NFA Firearm? Destructive device Includes the following: Explosive devices. Large caliber weapons. Flare Gun + Bean Bag O.K.

26 What is a NFA Firearm? Unserviceable firearm. An unserviceable firearm is a firearm that is incapable of discharging a shot by the action of an explosive and is incapable of being readily restored to a firing condition. Still a NFA Firearm. Antique Firearm. Firearms defined by the NFA as “antique firearms” are not subject to any controls under the NFA. Must meet both age (1898) and ammunition availability standards of the definition. Curios or relics. Curios or relics are firearms that are of special interest to collectors. Still a NFA Firearm.

27 Basic requirements: – Live in a state where Class III weapons are legal – US citizen – 21 years old – Never been convicted of a Felony or Domestic Violence – Never been dishonorably discharged from the military – Never been adjudicated mentally defective Plus… Owning NFA Weaponry Individually

28 Local Requirements – First: “Chief Law Enforcement Officer” (CLEO) sign-off Federal Requirements – Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives – “ATF” – Form 1 or Form 4 – Finger prints – Personal photos – Transfer tax Only individual can possess firearm – VERY restrictive Estate Planning Owning NFA Weaponry Individually

29 No Signature of local CLEO needed No fingerprints needed No personal photograph needed In the language of the ATF: – “Although transfers to natural persons (individuals) must include a recent photograph, duplicate fingerprint cards, and a certification from law enforcement, the NFA also defines a person to include a partnership, company, association, trust, estate, or corporation. The requirements for fingerprints, photographs, and the law enforcement certificate specified in § 479.85 are not applicable for transferee who is not an individual.” -NFA Handbook However, the ATF has the authority to request a NICS background check of the trustee if they wish Owning NFA Weaponry in a Trust

30 No CLEO signature, no fingerprints, no photos Multiple people may use the firearm – Ownership can change with no transfer taking place Advantages of a Trust over a Corporation, LLC, etc – Privacy, Cost Clear terms – Guidance Limit liability of co-trustees Incapacity Death Reducing the risk of changes in the law “DIY” is not a good idea – Quicken or Legal Zoom trusts have been declared invalid by ATF Bulls-eye Benefits of Gun Trusts

31 Patrick Goetzinger Presents HOT TOPICS Federal Estate Tax Mess in Congress & Recent Decisions Affecting Farmers & Ranchers

32 DISCLAIMER These materials and this presentation are intended to provide the seminar participants with guidance in these topics of law. The materials and speaker’s comments do not constitute, and should not be treated as legal advice regarding the use of any particular technique or the tax consequences associated with any such technique. Although every effort has been made to assure the accuracy of these materials and comments at the seminar, the speakers and Gunderson, Palmer, Nelson & Ashmore, LLP do not assume responsibility for any individual’s reliance on the written or oral information disseminated during the seminar. Each seminar participant should independently verify all statements made in the materials and at the seminar before applying them to a particular fact situation, and should independently determine all risks and consequences of using any particular technique before recommending that technique.

33 Rawhide Trust The Ultimate Retirement Plan for Farmers & Ranchers Is it Possible… – To sell livestock & crops tax-free – Build a retirement fund beyond the reach of Death tax – Receive a current charitable deduction to offset other income – Receive an income stream for the life of both spouses – Defer taking income until you need it – Make a substantial gift to charity and; – Do all this without going to jail?

34 Yes, it is possible… – Form a NIMCRUT – Before going to market transfer a portion of crop or livestock via deed of gift to a NIMCRUT (paper trail is important) – Sales proceeds go directly to NIMCRUT tax free – Donor receives charitable deduction for a portion of cost basis in livestock/crop because it is an ordinary income asset – Let the principal compound because of the NIMCRUT feature

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36 Thank You for Attending Please fill out the Attendee Contact Card located in your GPNA green folder and place it in the BOX at the back of the room while you are walking to lunch. A drawing will be held for a SPECIAL PRIZE toward the end of the lunch session.


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