Presentation on theme: "Update Sidney’s Defense: pp. 1044-1083. Focus on: The Poet as Prophet and Creator; Definition and Classification of Poetry; Poetry vs. Philosophy and History;"— Presentation transcript:
Update Sidney’s Defense: pp Focus on: The Poet as Prophet and Creator; Definition and Classification of Poetry; Poetry vs. Philosophy and History; Answers to the Charges against Poetry; Posted on syllabus on website
Book II Guyon—Knight of Temperance –Temperance as Moderation OED: “practice or habit of restraining oneself in provocation, passion, desire etc. Rational self-restraint –Accompanied by Palmer--Reason
The Bower of Bliss Location in an artificial Garden (st. 42) –Enclosed, but how: st. 43 Genius and the Self (st. 47) Sexual Temptation Acrasia in the Bower
Guyon Reactions –St. 55 –St. 66 –Guidance from the Palmer (69)
Acrasia Her name means “intemperance”’ –Allegory: temperance conquers intemperance Witch with her lover (st. 72) –Temptress who turns men into beasts (Circe) Sensual temptation (st. 77) Loss of masculine strength (st. 80)
Bower destroyed Guyon’s destruction of the Bower 83
Possible contexts New World Ireland The Elizabethan court itself
English Drama Medieval Drama Cycle plays/Mystery plays/Corpus Christi plays Morality plays
English Drama Sixteenth-Century Dramatic Forms The Professional Stage (A-49) A-80 in 8 th ed
Dr. Faustus Christopher Marlowe The Overreacher Marlowe’s Mighty Line – Blank verse= unrhymed iambic pentameter
The Faustus Theme Set in Wittenberg Historie u. Geschichte Dr Johannis Faustus Goethe Modern Adaptations….
Dr. Faustus Parodic Structure Where else have we seen parodic inversion?
Dr. Faustus Prologue—Icarus – Prologue, line 15 ff. – Overreacher Foreshadowing of Faustus story
Act I Faustus not content with his achievements – Lines 10-11; – Drawn to black magic Line 49 ff
Dr. Faustus Faustus’ desires and expectations—turning things upside-down – Divinity should be highest Act I, line 37 ff – It becomes lowest Line 106 ff Good Angel/Bad Angel—form of allegory Line I.1.70 ff Medieval influence 7 Deadly Sins Sc
Scene 1 Faustus dreams of power – Colonizing the demon/spirit world Lines78-97 – Lines 119 ff
Scene 3 Faustus conjures – Anti-Catholic (line 25) Further example: Scene 7 (Pope) – He is curious – Mephastophilis tells him of the nature of hell: Line 76 ff
Scene 3 Faustus expects great power for his bargain Lines 102 ff.
Faustus What is the nature of hell? What does he get—is he already there? See Scene 5, line 115 ff; line 135
Can Faustus be saved? Scene 5, line 194 ff. He believes he cannot repent
Comic Scenes Parodic Carnival – What is the purpose of carnival? “safety valve”? Stressing an essential humanity? Mixture of poetry and prose
Parodic pairings/Downward Spiral Scenes 3 and 4 (Faustus conjures/Wagner conjures) Scenes 5 and 6 (Faustus pledges/Robin and Rafe conjure) Scenes 7 and 8 (F tricks Pope/ Robin and Rafe call Mephastophilis) Scenes 9 and 10 (Faustus is in both scenes!)
Parodic Pairing Some claim this is a later interpolation But let’s compare to Simpson’s parody – It’s ridiculous to sell your soul for a donut, but what does Faustus really get for his bargain? – Scene 4, line 8—does Faustus really get more than these low characters?
Faustus and Tragedy Tragedy Tragic Flaws Christian or Subversive Tragedy?
The Old Man(Sc. 12) Who is he? Can we relate him to the Pardoner’s Tale?
The two versions of Faustus Page (9 th ed.) Page (8 th ed.)