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Learning Targets  Students will be able to define the Red Scare and explain what groups were targeted during the 1920’s as being “un-American” and why.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Targets  Students will be able to define the Red Scare and explain what groups were targeted during the 1920’s as being “un-American” and why."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Targets  Students will be able to define the Red Scare and explain what groups were targeted during the 1920’s as being “un-American” and why social unrest gripped the nation during the postwar era due to the rise of communism  Students will be able to describe the media’s influence in the Red Scare by analyzing political cartoons and explaining the persuasive devices used in political cartoons.

2 The year is 1919…  We had just won WWI  Renewed sense of nationalism and patriotism  Bolsheviks/Communists had successfully established communism in Russia  Bavaria and Hungary had successful communist uprisings too  Amidst this background a climate of fear and panic persists in the US…

3 What is the Red Scare?  A nationwide wave of anti-communist panic  Provoked by the success of the Bolshevik (Communist) Revolution in Russia in 1917and communist uprisings in Hungary and Bavaria (Germany).  Communism emphasized worldwide revolution

4 Why were we so afraid of communism in ?  It emphasized world-wide revolution  It may appeal to the working class in the US  Majority of people  Communism emphasis on equality may be very appealing to the large working class in the US

5 What were the causes of the Red Scare?  Bolshevik Revolution success in Russia  Patriotic feelings left over from WWI  Communist uprisings in Hungary and Bavaria  Two small communist parties formed in US in 1919 (never exceeded 70,000, just 1/10 of 1%of the adult population)  Strikes that took place in 1919-Seattle General Strike, Boston Police Strike, Steelworkers

6 What were the causes of the Red Scare?  The press portrayed all strikes and “un- American” and Bolshevistic  Hatred of Germans during WWI transferred onto any foreigner-seen as radical  Public official and business leaders portrayed strikers as “un-American”

7 What were the causes of the Red Scare  A. Mitchell Palmer directed the Red Scare  June 2, bombs exploded in 8 cities in US- one of the bombs in front of Palmer’s  Palmer received $500,000 from Congress to launch a campaign to tear out the radical seeds  J. Edgar Hoover was made the head of the Anti- Radical Division to gather info about domestic radical ideas

8 What are the effects of the Red Scare?  Palmer Raids-1919-Palmer’s men staged raids on the Union of Russian Workers in 12 cities  In December of Russians were deported on a ship called the “Soviet Arc”  January 1920-Palmer arrested 4,000 more people, many of the US citizens, in 33 major cities during a single night’s raid

9 What were the effects of the Red Scare?  The public, due mostly to the press, applauded Palmer’s methods  Deported 600 radicals-Violation of Civil Liberties

10 What were the groups targeted in the Red Scare?  Immigrants (any foreigner)  Communists/Bolsheviks  Labor Unions (Boston Police Strike, Seattle General Strike, Steelworkers, Coal miners)  Suspected anarchist (Sacco and Vanzetti)

11 How did the press/media influence public opinion of the Red Scare?  They hyped up the fear and panic  They portrayed all strikes as Bolshevistic/Communistic and “un- American”

12 Learning Targets  Students will be able to define the Red Scare and explain what groups were targeted during the 1920’s as being “un-American” and why social unrest gripped the nation during the postwar era due to the rise of communism  Students will be able to describe the media’s influence in the Red Scare by analyzing political cartoons and explaining the persuasive devices used in political cartoons.

13 Does the Press/Media influence people’s opinion’s today?

14 The year is 1919…  We had just won WWI  Renewed sense of nationalism and patriotism  Bolsheviks/Communists had successfully established communism in Russia  Bavaria and Hungary had successful communist uprisings too  Amidst this background a climate of fear and panic persists in the US…

15 Analyzing the Media’s Influence in the Red Scare

16 Directions  Each group will be given a political cartoons to analyze  In the letter space provided on your chart, fill in the proper information  Your group will then present the following information: 1. Who the cartoon is attacking 2. What message the author is communicating 3. The persuasive devices the author is using

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23 Exit Slip  From yesterday’s and today’s lesson on the climate of fear that existed after WWI, list 3 groups that were being targeted as “un- American” and explain why. 


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