Presentation on theme: "A Republican Decade CHAPTER 21 SECTION 1. Americans wanted strong, reassuring leaders who WHAT KIND OF LEADERSHIP WERE AMERICAN SEEKING IN THE EARLY."— Presentation transcript:
A Republican Decade CHAPTER 21 SECTION 1
Americans wanted strong, reassuring leaders who WHAT KIND OF LEADERSHIP WERE AMERICAN SEEKING IN THE EARLY 1920S?
Government owns all land and property 1 political party Needs of the country more important than the needs of the individual COMMUNISM
Economic system characterized by FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM
A fear of communism and other radical ideas RED SCARE
Communism goes against everything people in a capitalist system believe in WHY DID COMMUNISM SEEM TO POSE A THREAT TO CAPITALIST (OR FREE ENTERPRISE) NATIONS?
A. Mitchell Palmer- Attorney General of the U.S. Had bomb mailed to his home A. MITCHELL PALMER
Conducted raids and arrests against suspected subversives WHAT DID A. MITCHELL PALMER DO IN RESPONSE TO BOMBINGS THAT HE SUSPECTED RADICALS TO BE RESPONSIBLE FOR?
Palmer said there would be a general strike and widespread bombings on May 1, 1920 THE PALMER RAIDS
Arrested thousands, sometimes without evidence Many of them eventually deported WHY MIGHT SOME CONSIDER PALMER’S ACTIONS TO BE CONTROVERSIAL OR UNCONSTITUTIONAL?
2 men robbed and killed 2 men working at a shoe factory in 1920 Police arrest 2 Italian Immigrants for the crime SACCO AND VANZETTI
Both men were carrying guns Sacco’s gun matched the one used at the crime SACCO AND VENZETTI
Both men found guilty Trial may have been unfair Note: modern technology proved they committed the crime…so don’t feel too bad WHAT WAS SACCO AND VANZETTI’S FATE AND WHY MIGHT THERE BE A PROBLEM WITH IT?
Avoid economic and political alliances with foreign countries ISOLATIONISM
Many of the suspected radicals swept up in the Palmer raids were immigrants HOW DID THE RED SCARE CONTRIBUTE TO AMERICA’S POLICY OF ISOLATIONISM IN THE 1920S?
A movement favoring NATIVISM
Patriotism- believed foreigners could never be loyal to the U.S. Religion- Protestants, Catholics, and Jews could not see eye to eye WHAT ARE 4 REASONS WHY NATIVISM FLARED UP AFTER WORLD WAR I?
A limit 1921 law passed to restrict immigration QUOTA
A program in which the nations of the world would voluntarily give up their weapons DISARMAMENT
15 nations pledged not to use the threat of force in their dealings with other nations KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT
This pact reflected the republican desire to avoid HOW DID THE KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT REFLECT REPUBLICAN FOREIGN POLICY IN THE 1920S?
Harding not involved…but his people were Albert B. Fall (Secretary of the Interior) secretly gave oil drilling rights on government property to 2 private oil companies TEAPOT DOME SCANDAL