Cause: Eugene Williams, Age 17 - Drowned at 29th St. beach, due to exhaustion on account of being unable to come to land due to throwing of stones during riot between whites and African Americans, over use of said beach. One of the rioters, who was accused of having thrown a stone which supposedly struck deceased and caused his drowning, was indicted by on charge of manslaughter.
Whites wielding bricks chasing blacks in a Chicago neighborhood, 1919.
Black Nationalism Pan Africanism – Unite ppl of Afr. descent worldwide – Marcus Garvey – Black nationalism—new political state in Africa – Universal Negro Improvement Assoc. Foster econ. Independence Est. homeland in Africa
Let’s Review: How did the US demobilize after World War I? – How did this impact farmers? – How did this impact labor unions? What was the Red Scare? – What caused this fear? – Who was targeted by this scare? What were race relations like after the War?
Objectives: Discuss the Republican decade. Discuss the impact of the automobile. Identify changing consumer habits. Discuss & evaluate changes in 1920s society including the Scopes Trial, the Lost Generation, Prohibition and the Harlem Renaissance.
Harding Administration Positive effects: – Economic growth Boom in industry Cut gov. spending Tax cut for rich Reduced debt Fordney- McCumber tariff Negative effects: – Mergers – Struggle for workers, farmers, & labor unions
Harding Scandals: Ohio Gang – corrupt officials in Harding Admin.-- most from OH, Harding’s home state Forbes Scandal – Forbes takes money from Vet. Bureau Attorney Gen. Daugherty – taking bribes Teapot Dome Scandal – Fall takes control of oil reserves & profits
Society Americans had divided opinions about social change – Traditional religious values v. New values based on scientific thought – Scopes Trial Questions of appropriate and inappropriate movies & music – censorship
Cross by Langston Hughes My old man’s a white old man And my old mother’s black. If ever I cursed my white old man I take my curses back. If ever I cursed my black old mother And wished she were in hell, I’m sorry for that evil wish And now I wish her well My old man died in a fine big house. My ma died in a shack. I wonder where I’m going to die, Being neither white nor black?
America by Claude McKay Although she feeds me bread of bitterness, And sinks into my throat her tiger’s tooth, Stealing my breath of life, I will confess I love this cultured hell that tests my youth! Her vigor flows like tides into my blood, Giving me strength erect against her hate. Her bigness sweeps my being like a flood. Yet as a rebel fronts a king in state, I stand within her walls with not a shred Of terror, malice, not a word of jeer. Darkly I gaze into the days ahead, And see her might and granite wonders there, Beneath the touch of Time’s unerring hand, Like priceless treasures sinking in the sand.
Let’s Review: Who were the Republican presidents of the 1920s? What impact did the automobile have on American society? How did consumer habits change in the 1920s? What was the Scopes Trial about? Who were the Lost Generation? What effect did Prohibition have on American society? What was the Harlem Renaissance?