3Teacher InstructionsCopy 1-per-student Anti-Immigrant Movement in the 1920’s (slides 2 & 3)You may want to also give out a copy of Costa’s Level of Questions (slide 5) or refer to it if necessary.When they are asked to create a question about the picture, call on a student to ask their question and another student to answer the question.Have students complete the pictures at home. This will force the students to review the lecture notes.You may also want to also give the worksheet: Attacks on Civil Liberties as a homework assignment or for the students to follow along instead of the notes template.Approx. time = 55 minutes.
7Pair-Share:Congress shall make no law…abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press” (First Amendment 1791)What do you think this statement means?What is the difference between civil liberties and civil rights?
8The listing of the general rights of the people can be found in the first ten amendments in the Constitution, also known as the Bill of Rights.The term civil rights is sometimes reserved for those positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all people.In general, civil liberties are protections against government.They are guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and property from arbitrary acts of government.
9CA StandardAnalyze the international and domestic events, interests, and philosophies that prompted attacks on civil liberties, including the Palmer Raids, Marcus Garvey's "back-to-Africa" movement, the Ku Klux Klan, and immigration quotas and the responses of organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Anti-Defamation League to those attacks.
10ObjectiveStudents will be able analyze the events that prompted the attacks on Civil Liberties by creating and answering diverse levels of questions.
11Essential QuestionWhat events, interests, and philosophies prompted attacks on civil liberties during the 1920’s?
12Key Words Nativism Red Scare Birth of a Nation To be in favor of Native born (white) AmericansRed ScareRed symbolized CommunismFear of Communism in AmericaBirth of a NationPopular movie which promoted the superiority of the white race
13Film Clip: Post War Intolerance How were civil liberties violated during the 1920’s?
16National Origins Act of 1924 Background: 1 million immigrants entered the U.S. fromThe new law allowed only 150,000 immigrants a year into the US every yearIt also favored immigrants from Northwestern Europe (England, Ireland, and Germany,)Immigrants from Asia and Africa were not allowed into the U.S.Purpose of Act: To discriminate against CERTAIN immigrants
24“Strange Fruit” Lyrics Southern trees bear a strange fruitBlood on the leaves, and blood at the rootBlack bodies swingin’ in the southern breezeStrange fruit hangin’ from the poplar treesOh, oh, ohPastoral scene of the gallant southOf the bulgin’ eyes and the twisted mouthScent of magnolia, sweet and freshAnd the sudden smell of burning fleshHere is a fruit for the crows to cluckFor the rain to gather and for the wind to suckFro the sun to rot, for the trees to dropOh, here is a strange and bitter crop
25Song: “Strange Fruit” What is the mood of the song? How does the song make you feel?What is the “strange fruit” the song speaks of?How does this song describe the horrors of lynchings?What do you think those involved in writing and performing this song hoped to accomplish?Do you think their goals were realized in the 1920’s?
28Sacco and VanzettiBackground: Sacco and Vanzetti were Italian, Catholic, anarchist immigrants accused of murderThey did not receive a fair trial, judge was biased against immigrantsSacco and Vanzetti were executedPurpose: Symbol of distrust for immigrants
33Pair-ShareDescribe what you see in this cartoon.What is the topic of this cartoon?What is the author’s opinion expressed in this cartoon?
34The Scopes TrialThe Scopes Trial was fought over teaching evolution in schools.Evolution in public schools used to be illegalACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) hired Clarence Darrow to defend Johns Scope and his ability to teach evolution.Scopes was found guilty by William Jennings Bryan and evolution remained illegal in schools.
39Palmer RaidsBackground: Fear that communism would spread to America and overthrow democracyMitchell Palmer arrested 10,000 people (mostly immigrants) who were suspected of being communistsPeople who were arrested were denied basic rights under the Bill of Rights and were deported
40Describe what you see in this cartoon. Pair-ShareDescribe what you see in this cartoon.What labels do you see and what do they mean?Who does the title refer to?What were most Americans in fear of in the 1920’s? Why?Put Them Out and Keep Them Out Literary Digest, 10/25/19. Originally from the Philadelphia Inquirer (Morgan). political cartoon