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Post War Tensions. Learning Objective: Define and identify the cultural clash of the 1920s as it was expressed in the Klan revival, the Scopes Trial,

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Presentation on theme: "Post War Tensions. Learning Objective: Define and identify the cultural clash of the 1920s as it was expressed in the Klan revival, the Scopes Trial,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Post War Tensions

2 Learning Objective: Define and identify the cultural clash of the 1920s as it was expressed in the Klan revival, the Scopes Trial, Sacco and Venzetti Case, Palmer Raids, and the Red Scare

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4 Conditions When Soldiers Returned Home: No plan to put soldiers back into peacetime Led to unrest, turmoil, and threat of communism

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6 Labor Unrest: Workers - after improved working conditions and pay, saw bargaining power decrease with men returning home over 4 million workers went on strike Didn’t have much public support; ended up with decreased amount of strikes in early 1920s due to lack of success

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8 Distrust of Immigrants and Labor: People are afraid of a revolution –Blamed communist threat on immigrants and radical labor leaders of trying to take over the U.S.

9 Palmer and “Red Scare” Palmer, attorney general, was convinced of a revolutionary conspiracy Shipped Russian immigrants back home, jailed others for no reason Little public resistance - few people spoke out again Palmer “Red Scare” - symptom of tension in society already unsettled by war and demobilization - needed scapegoats

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11 Sacco and Vanzetti Case Sacco and Vanzetti - accused of robbery Been active in protests against Palmer and were active anarchists Trial convicted them, both died in the electric chair on Aug. 23,1927 **Possible example of how the red scare killed innocent people**

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13 Black Movement: Struggling after war Marcus Garvey - leader for the blacks –Wanted a “Back to Africa” movement which failed, but still left impressions –Got other people talking about the “New Negro”

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15 Nativists’ Groups (ex: Ku Klux Klan) Groups that believed that “Natives” (white protestants) should control society Led to time of rampant intolerance and hatred of Blacks, Jews, Catholics, and Foreigners 1921 and 1924 = severe immigration restrictions against Italians, Russians, and Slavic People

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17 Creation vs. Evolution Debate Traditionalists believed the reason for destroyed faith in Bible was Charles Darwin’s Evolution Theory John Scopes - science teacher who was arrested for teaching evolution; defended by Clarence Darrow; trial became known as the “Monkey Trial” End result was Scopes ended up being convicted after admitting he broke the law *example of religious intoleration*

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19 Results of the early 1920s: Censorship (result of the red scare) Rise of the KKK Rise of anti-evolution feelings Government Response: –“Hands off” approach; let society work it out –Desire to return to “normalcy”

20 WIO: 1920s Tensions Draw two symbols that demonstrate the intolerance of the 1920s. Briefly explain your symbols.


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