Presentation on theme: "Society in the Roaring Twenties"— Presentation transcript:
1 Society in the Roaring Twenties Theme 1: A disillusioned America turned away from idealism and reform after World War I and toward isolationism in foreign affairs, domestic social conservatism and the pleasures of prosperity.Theme 2: New technologies, mass-marketing techniques, and new forms of entertainment fostered rapid cultural change along with a focus on consumer goods. But the accompanying changes in moral values and uncertainty about the future produced cultural anxiety as well as sharp intellectual critiques of American life.
2 I. Politics (Socialism v. Anti-Socialists) New Socialist IdeasBolshevik Revolution sparked paranoia in USLabor’s UnrestWall Street bombingAnti-socialists campaign (“Red Scare”)A. Mitchell Palmer5,000 arrests in 1920Labor’s “closed shop” denouncedLoyalty OathsSacco and Vanzetti, 1921Palmer Raid on headquarters of IWW, 1920
3 II. Race (nativism v multiculturalism) KKK-reaction against modernity and diversityRise of KKK in midwest and “bible belt”Birth of a Nation, 1915Demise of KKKa. David Stephenson, 19251921 Emergency Quota Act (3% in words)1924 Immigration Act (2% in words)All immigrant groups restrictedPopular Pluralism plants seed of multiculturalismOld Immigration building on Angel Island.
4 III. Economy (regulated v. unregulated) Economic BoomTransition to peacetime economyAndrew Mellon lowered taxesNew Industrieslight metals, synthetics, movies, consumer electronics, radio, construction, advertising, autoStock MarketLoans and “Buying on Margin”Scientific ManagementF. TaylorHenry Ford
5 IV. Lifestyle (traditional v liberal) Moral ValuesScopes Trial, 1925Prohibition, 1919Sexual RevolutionTransportationCommunicationEntertainmentHollywoodJazz and FlappersHarlem RenaissanceLiterature and Art FlourishedF. S. Fitzgerald- This Side of Paradise & G. GatsbyE. Hemingway- The Sun Also Rises & Farewell to ArmsSinclair Lewis- Main Street & BabbittWilliam Faulkner- Sound and Fury & As I Lay DyingPoets: Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, ee cummingsArchitect: Frank Lloyd WrightEconomic “Joyride” for investorsFalling Water and Marin CivicCenter- designed by Frank L. Wright
6 VocabularySyndicalism: A theory or movement that advocates bringing all economic and political power into the hands of labor unions by means of strikes. (p. 729)Bible Belt: The region of the American South, extending roughly from North Carolina west of Oklahoma and Texas, where Protestant Fundamentalism and belief in literal interpretation of the Bible have traditionally been strongest. (p. 730)Provincial: Narrow and limited; isolated from cosmopolitan influences. (p. 730)Racketeer: A person who obtains money illegally by fraud, bootleggin, gambling, or threats of violence. ( )Credit: In business, the arrangement of purchasing goods and services immediately but making the payment at a later date. (739)Installment Plan: A credit system by which goods already acquired are paid for in a series of payments at specified intervals” (741)Magnate: An influential person in a large-scale enterprise. (screen magnates, )Repression: In psychology, the forcing of instincts or ideas painful to the conscious mind into the unconscious, where they continue to exercise influence. (Viennese physicians, 746)Charismatic: Concerning the personal magnetism or appeal of a leader for his or her follower. (Marcus Garvey, 748)Functionalism: The theory that a plan or design should be derived from practical purpose. (architecture, 750)Surtax: A special tax, usually involving a raised rate on an already existing tax. (Congress abolished, 752).
7 Putting Things In Order (use the information from chapter 31 to answer these questions) 1.The trial of a Tennessee high school biology teacher symbolizes a national conflict over values of religion and science2.Fear of the Bolshevik revolution sparks a crusade against radicals and communist in America3.A modest man becomes a national hero by accomplishing the feat of aviation4.Two Italian immigrants are convicted of murder and robbery, provoking charges of prejudice against the judge and jury