Eukaryotic cells are single-celled or many-celled organisms whose cells have a nucleus and organelles surrounded by a membrane. Organelles are structures with in a cell, sometimes surrounded by one or more membranes. Do you know which organelles are found in which eukaryotic cells? Like bacteria, all eukaryotic cells have a cell membrane, DNA, and ribosomes. All eukaryotes also have a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. But different eukaryotes have different organelles. You will see which organelles are found in animal and plant cells next.
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER): It is a network of membranes throughout the cytoplasm of the cell. There are two types: Rough ER: The rough endoplasmic reticulum is where most protein synthesis occurs in the cell. It is when ribosomes are attached. Smooth ER: The function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum is to synthesize lipids in the cell. It also helps in the detoxification of harmful substances in the cell.
Cell wall: The cell wall is a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support. Cell membrane: The cell membrane is a barrier between the contents of the cell and the outside environment.
Animal Cell Lysosomes: Lysosomes destroy worn-out or damaged organelles. They also get rid of waste materials and protect the cell from foreign invaders. Microtubules: Microtubules are conveyer belts inside the cells. They move vesicles, granules, organelles like mitochondria, and chromosomes via special attachment proteins. They also serve a cytoskeletal role. Microtubules Lysosomes
Plant Cell Chloroplast: Chloroplasts make food for plant cells. Chloroplast harness the energy of the sun and use it to make sugar. Vacuole: Vacuoles are large vesicles found in plant cells. They store water and other liquids. Chloroplast Vacuole