Presentation on theme: "Bell-Ringer What are organelles? a) parts of cells which help it divide b) substances which perform specific tasks for the cell c) parts of all cells which."— Presentation transcript:
2 Bell-RingerWhat are organelles? a) parts of cells which help it divide b) substances which perform specific tasks for the cell c) parts of all cells which help the cell move through different environments d) substances which provide the cell with the energy needed to run life processes
3 2) The cell to the rightis a... a) bacteria cell b) prokaryote c) monokaryote d) eukaryote3) We know the answer to #2 because... a) The cell has a membrane-bound nucleus b) The cell has clearly defined organelles c) The cell has ribosomes in the cytoplasm d) The cell has a plasma membrane
4 4) The best reason to explain why cells are so small is 4) The best reason to explain why cells are so small is... a) being small allows them to maximize their chemical reactions b) being small makes it easier to move materials in and out of the cell c) being small makes it harder for a cell to loose the organelles inside it d) being small gives the cell the ability to thrive in a variety of environments.
6 Cell MembraneThe cell membrane (and the membranes covering some organelles) are made of phospholipids.
7 Cell Membrane Phospholipids have two distinct parts: A hydrophilic (water-loving) headA hydrophobic (water-fearing) tail
8 Cell MembraneThe lipids line up so that their polar heads point outward toward water and their tails point inward, away from water.
9 Cell MembraneEmbedded within the plasma membrane are various types of proteins.
10 Cell Membrane These proteins perform specific tasks, such as: Helping transport substances across the membraneSignaling other cells
11 Cell MembraneScientists describe a cell’s plasma membrane as being a “fluid mosaic.”This means that the cell membrane acts more like a fluid than a solid.
12 Cell MembraneMembers of the membrane can move around each other – the pattern of lipids and proteins in the membrane is constantly changing.Example: The cell membrane is a lot like a layer of oil in a beaker of water.
13 Play-Doh Create a cell (flat circle) Make a few phospholipids to represent the cell membrane and put them in the correct place.
14 NucleusMost of the functions of eukaryotic cells are controlled by the nucleus.The nucleus houses and protects the cell’s genetic information – its DNA.
15 NucleusThe nucleus houses and protects the cell’s genetic information – its DNA.The nucleus is often found near the center of the cell.
16 NucleusWhen a cell is not dividing, the DNA in the nucleus is found in the form of chromatin (stringy, thread-like DNA).When a cell is dividing, the chromatin condenses to form chromosomes.
17 NucleusThe nucleus is covered by a double membrane called the nuclear envelope.There are tiny holes in the envelope, nuclear pores, which allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus.
18 Play-Doh Create a nucleus. Make sure it contains: ChromatinNuclear PoresPlace it in your cell
19 MitochondriaThe mitochondria is the power-house of the cell.
20 MitochondriaIt is responsible for transferring energy from organic molecules to ATP.ATP is the energy source that power’s all of the cell’s chemical reactions.
21 MitochondriaBecause the mitochondria supply energy, highly active cells (like muscle cells) have a high number of mitochondria.
22 Play-DohCreate a mitochondria.Place it in your cell
34 Exit SlipIf you were to remove all the ribosomes from a cell, the cell would also not have... a) DNA b) Nucleic Acids c) Proteins d) LipidsWhat biological compound is closely related to the mitochondria? a) Proteins b) ATP c) DNA d) Carbohydrates
35 3) Which answer below is the Endoplasmic Reticulum most like 3) Which answer below is the Endoplasmic Reticulum most like... a) a power plant – providing energy b) a brain – the control center c) a factory – making products d) a highway – transporting materials4) What words best describe the plasma membrane? a) stiff conglomerate b) fluid mosaic c) liquid smooth d) strong mixture