Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Partnerships for Success Corner Medical Examiner: Preserving Evidence and Saving Lives Breakout Session A Presenters: Allison O’Neal, Orange County Sheriff-Coroner.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Partnerships for Success Corner Medical Examiner: Preserving Evidence and Saving Lives Breakout Session A Presenters: Allison O’Neal, Orange County Sheriff-Coroner."— Presentation transcript:

1 Partnerships for Success Corner Medical Examiner: Preserving Evidence and Saving Lives Breakout Session A Presenters: Allison O’Neal, Orange County Sheriff-Coroner Anthony Maldonado, ME / Coroner Specialist, OneLegacy Moderator: Barbara Anderson, RN, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center

2 Demonstrate a basic understanding of the coroner role and responsibilities in regards to the donation process Discuss CA Coroner Law, Coroner Relationships and Coroner Case Statistics To be able to identify a reportable death Objectives:

3 When is it necessary to report a death to the coroner? How has the collaboration between OneLegacy and the coroner increased donation in our community? Questions to Run On:

4 Allison O’Neal, Supervising Deputy Coroner Orange County Sheriff’s Department-Coroner Division

5  948 square miles  3 million people  Sheriff-Coroner system  Total Deaths per year: 18,915  Orange County Coroner investigated: 5,093  Autopsies Performed: 1,654  Of autopsy cases: ◦ Natural 84% ◦ Accident 10% ◦ Suicide 4% ◦ Homicide 1% ◦ Undetermined 1%

6 The California Government Code states that the coroner is required to: Investigate all unnatural deaths-COD, Manner (homicide, suicide, accident, natural, undetermined) Deaths where the MD is unable to state COD When deceased saw MD >20 days prior to death Responsibilities are all or some of these depending on case. We may not physically complete the task but need to ensure it gets done: Positively identify the deceased Examine the deceased to document condition of body Determine place, date and time of death Locate and notify the next of kin Secure personal belongings and residence Collect evidence related to the death Ensure the body is moved to the appropriate facility Communicate with the related law enforcement agency or District Attorney

7  The Coroner is governed by California Government Code Section and Health and Safety Code Section The law states: “…a physician and surgeon, physician assistant, funeral director, or other person shall immediately notify the Coroner when he or she has the knowledge of a death that occurred or has charge of a body in which death occurred under ANY of the following:

8  Without medical attendance  Not attended by an MD in 20 days prior  Attending MD unable to give opinion for COD  When homicide is known or suspected  When suicide is known or suspected  When a criminal action is involved or suspected to be involved in a death  Self-induced or criminal abortion  Related to rape or crime against nature  Known or suspected injury, accident-old or recent  Aspiration, starvation, exposure, drug addiction or acute alcoholism

9  Poisoning  Occupation diseases  Contagious diseases  While in-custody of a law enforcement agency  All state hospital deaths- Fairview in OC  All Sudden Infant Death Syndrome cases  During or related to surgery, following surgery or did not wake from anesthesia

10  Decline (no case # given); not reportable but brief report taken.  Reportable, Non-Autopsy case  Sign Out No Autopsy (SONA)  Autopsy case  For Autopsy and SONA cases there is no difference in the interaction between the deputy coroner and the OL representative.

11  The death is reportable but an autopsy is not necessary. In this situation the OneLegacy coordinator or hospital staff reports the death and receives a coroner case number. OL notifies OCCO on every potential organ and tissue donor.  Examples: Natural death with marijuana or ethanol in system unrelated to the COD. Positive for a contagious disease such as Hepatitis C but died from a ruptured AAA.

12 Reportable Non-natural deaths that are acute or delayed but the COD is known, well documented and a physician can state his/her opinion on the death certificate Examples:  Inpatient MVA with multiple traumatic injuries  Tylenol overdose with suicide notes found  Elderly inpatient with recent fall with SDH

13  After procurement, the body is picked up by the coroner and scheduled for coroner autopsy. The coroner handles the death certificate completely- cause and manner.  The OCCO does not perform autopsies over the weekend however we pride ourselves in completing our forensic investigation quickly and releasing the deceased in an average of 48 hours.  Examples: MVA’s, homicides, non-accidental trauma, competing causes such as accident vs. suicide overdoses and undetermined cases.

14  The OneLegacy coordinator notifies the OCCO after brain death notes. On DCD it is after the NOK signs consent.  OL coordinator sends available charting.  OL coordinator and OCCO in constant communication.

15

16 OL reported brain death of a 17 month female admitted from home with suspected non-accidental trauma.  Initial story to 911 was that she fell approx. 18 inches off a chair.  Child was under the care of one parent’s significant other.  Admitted in full arrest. Head CT showed complex skull fx and additional head trauma.

17

18

19  OneLegacy obtained consent from NOK for all organs and tissue.  OCCO requested additional studies including CT chest, abdomen, pelvis, CBC, WBC, chem panel, long bone study, ocular examination  While awaiting these results we used the time to obtain information from the handling police agency, confer with child services and conduct interviews.

20  An additional challenge in this case was that the incident occurred in an out of county law enforcement jurisdiction.  Coroner approved recovery of organs. Stipulation given that transplant recovery surgeons document any trauma observed during recovery.

21  Based on autopsy, microscopic tests and neuropathology and toxicology the following was documented.  Confluent areas of purple-red ecchymosis of posterior base of head and posterior right ear.  Focal purple contusions of the bilateral posterior forearms.  Small faint purple contusion of the right cheek.  Internal trauma:  a.Occipital scalp hematoma.  b.Diffuse posterior subgaleal hemorrhage.  c.Complex skull fractures.  d.Bilateral occipital epidural hematomas.  e.Bilateral optic nerve sheath hemorrhages.

22 We at the OCCO are proud to be able to save lives while still conducting thorough medico-legal death investigations. 3 Lives saved from this case alone:  Local 40 y/o received en bloc kidneys  Local 9 month old received liver  Local 2 month old received heart

23 Coroner/Medical Examiner: Preserving Evidence and Saving Lives Anthony Maldonado M.E./Coroner Specialist The Donation & Transplantation Symposium October 15, 2013

24 CA Health & Safety Code Section (a) A county coroner shall cooperate with procurement organizations to maximize the opportunity to recover anatomical gifts for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education.

25 CA Health & Safety Code Section (d) (d) If a county coroner is considering withholding one or more organs of a potential donor for any reason, the county coroner, or his or her designee, upon request from a qualified organ procurement organization, shall be present during the procedure to remove the organs. The county coroner, or his or her designee, may request a biopsy of those organs or deny removal of the organs if necessary.

26 Coroner protocols established and routinely revised Coroner may request photos, medical diagnostic testing, consultations, etc. Case reviews and education for coroner staff and OneLegacy staff

27 County Alleged Child Abuse Alleged Homicide Alleged Suicide Death by Natural Cause Drowning/ Near Drowning Hospital Death: Inpatient Motor Vehicle Accident None of the Above Non- Motor Vehicle Accident Unknown/ Other: See Comments Grand Total Kern Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Santa Barbara Ventura Grand Total

28 County Alleged Child Abuse Alleged Homicide Alleged Suicide Death by Natural Cause Drowning or Near Drowning Hospital Death: ER or Outpatient Hospital Death: Inpatient Motor Vehicle Accident None of the Above Non- Motor Vehicle Accident Unknown/ Other: See Comments Grand Total Kern Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Santa Barbara Ventura (blank) Grand Total

29 County Alleged Child Abuse Alleged Homicide Alleged Suicide Death by Natural Cause Hospital Death: ER or Outpatient Hospital Death: Inpatient Motor Vehicle Accident None of the Above Non-Motor Vehicle Accident Unknown/Othe r: See Comments Grand Total Kern Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Santa Barbara Ventura Grand Total

30 County Alleged Child Abuse Alleged Homicide Alleged Suicide Death by Natural Cause Drowning/ Near Drowning Hospital Death: ER or Outpatient Hospital Death: Inpatient Motor Vehicle Accident None of the Above Non- Motor Vehicle Accident Unknown/Othe r: See Comments Grand Total Kern Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Santa Barbara Ventura Grand Total

31 OneLegacy Organ Cases Under Coroner Jurisdiction

32 OneLegacy Tissue Cases Under Coroner Jurisdiction

33 When is it necessary to report a death to the coroner? How has the collaboration between OneLegacy and the coroner increased donation in our community? Questions to Run On:

34


Download ppt "Partnerships for Success Corner Medical Examiner: Preserving Evidence and Saving Lives Breakout Session A Presenters: Allison O’Neal, Orange County Sheriff-Coroner."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google