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Warm-UP: So far we know metabolic processes happen inside animals and plants. But where? Cells: Bill Nye: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxq0Kqw327s Quiz:

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Presentation on theme: "Warm-UP: So far we know metabolic processes happen inside animals and plants. But where? Cells: Bill Nye: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxq0Kqw327s Quiz:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm-UP: So far we know metabolic processes happen inside animals and plants. But where? Cells: Bill Nye: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxq0Kqw327s Quiz: Next Wednesday, 11/19

2 Topics: Memorize cell parts: structure and function Compare cells: animals and plants Why would a cell have more/less mitochondria? Or some other part? Cells: Bill Nye: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rxq0Kqw327s

3 Observing and Comparing Cells YeastOnionElodea Human Cheek Cells How to make a cheek cell slide: How to make an onion cell slide:

4 Procedure: Yeast: 1.Place a drop of yeast on a slide. 2.Add a cover slip. Observe and DRAW under 400X. Onion: 1.Pull off a thin “sheet” of onion with tweezers and place on a slide. 2.Add 1 drop of methylene blue. 3.Add a cover slip. Observe and DRAW under 400X. Elodea: 1.Place a small piece of elodea leaf on a slide. 2.Add a drop of water. 3.Add a cover slip. Observe and DRAW under 400X. Human Cheek Cell: 1.Add a drop of methylene blue to a slide. 2.Using a toothpick, scrape the inside of your cheek (like 10 or 12 times). 3.Rub the toothpick in the methylene blue. 4.Add a cover slip. Observe and DRAW under 400X.

5 Cells: Bill Nye: Observing and Comparing Cells

6 Analysis 1.Compare plant, animal, and fungi CELLS. Make a VENN diagram. 2.Plants and animals are so different. Why would they have the same parts? 3.Why would different cells have different parts? Analysis 1.Compare plant, animal, and fungi CELLS. Make a VENN diagram. 2.Plants and animals are so different. Why would they have the same parts? 3.Why would different cells have different parts? Observing and Comparing Cells

7 Warm-UP: Why would different cells have different parts? Quiz: Next Wednesday, 11/19

8 Warm-UP: A cell is a system. All of the parts work together. Think of it like a factory. Can you make an analogy between a part in a factory and a part in a cell? How does that factory part’s function analogous to the cell part’s function? Quiz: Next Wednesday, 11/19

9 Warm-UP: Why would a cell have more or less of a part? Quiz: Wednesday, 11/19

10 “Map” of your Cell Analogy Use your blue sheet Draw a bird’s eye view of your analogy Label each part: – Cell Part (example: nucleus) – Analogy Name (example: cell manager) – Explanation (The nucleus is like the cell manager because they both have the information for how to keep things running smoothly) Use your blue sheet Draw a bird’s eye view of your analogy Label each part: – Cell Part (example: nucleus) – Analogy Name (example: cell manager) – Explanation (The nucleus is like the cell manager because they both have the information for how to keep things running smoothly)

11 Plant Cell (memorize) 1.Golgi Apparatus 2.Plasmodesmata 3.Mitochondria 4.Cell Wall of adjacent cell 5.Cell Wall 6.Cytoskeleton 7.Peroxisomes 8.Vacuole 9.Chloroplast 10.Ribosomes 11.Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) 12.Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) 13.Vesicles 14.Nucleolus 15.Nucleus 16.DNA ADD ON: cell membrane

12 Animal Cell (memorize) 1.Centrioles 2.Cell membrane 3.Peroxisomes 4.Mitochondria 5.Cytoskeleton 6.Lysosomes 7.Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) 8.Golgi Apparatus 9.Vesicles 10.Ribosomes 11.Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum 12.Nucleus 13.Nucleolus 14. DNA

13 Quiz your neighbor 1.Where does photosynthesis happen in a cell? 2.What happens in the MITOCHONDRIA? 3.What does a lysosome do? 4.Where is DNA stored in the cell? 5.Where are proteins synthesized in a cell? 6.What are the differences between a plant, and an animal cell?

14 14 4 ALL 13 parts of the cell are included, ALL analogies are labeled __________ is like a (cell part) because________ with CORRECT FUNTIONAL ANALOGY. System was creative, and I loved reading it. 3 ALL 13 parts of the cell are included, ALL analogies are labeled with CORRECT FUNTIONAL ANALOGY. System was creative, BUT some analogies did not make sense. 2 Only 9 parts of the cell are included, ALL analogies are labeled and analogies make sense. 1 LESS than 9 parts of the cell are included, analogies are labeled but most analogies do not make sense.

15 Label your Analogy: Where do these different metabolic processes happen? glucose (C 6 H 12 O 6 )  CO 2 amino acid  protein CO 2  glucose (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) biomolecules  C, O, H, N

16 “Our Body, Our Cells”: page 97 1.What are organisms composed of? 2.What are the fundamental processes of a cell? 3.What do cells do with their resources? 4.Are cells considered a living organism? How do you know?

17 “As The Cell Turns”: pgs How do nutrients enter the cell? 2.Describe the entire process of breaking down complex Carbohydrates. 3.How is the energy produced by metabolism used for the cell? 4.What are the roles of each biomolecule in the cell?

18 Draw a simple plant cell on your board Where could these labels go? glucose  CO 2 + ATP protein  amino acid amino acid  protein CO 2  glucose C, O, H  lipid biomolecules  C, O, H, N nucleotides  DNA

19 sugar------> ATP CO > sugar amino acid-----> protein sugar------> ATP ribosome Ribosome Lysosome Vacuole Nucleus Plant cell Animal cell Bacteria cell DNA Chloroplast Mitochondria biomolecule-----> amino acid

20 ..... Light + CO > sugar amino acids-----> protein sugar------> ATP ribosome Vacuole Nucleus Plant cell DNA Chloroplast Mitochondria biomolecule-----> amino acids Add the parts and labels to the correct parts of the cell!

21 sugar------> ATP CO > sugar amino acid-----> protein sugar------> ATP ribosome Ribosome Lysosome Vacuole Nucleus Plant cell Animal cell Bacteria cell DNA Chloroplast Mitochondria biomolecule-----> amino acid

22 “What happens here?” proteins are built lipids are built DNA is stored waste is digested glucose is broken down to make ATP carbon dioxide and water are rearranged to glucose water is stored proteins are folded molecules are packaged to be sent to other cells helps plant cells stand up is the genetic information (DNA) the solution that everything is in controls what enters/exits the cell

23 “What happens here?”: Key Ribosome: Proteins are built Smooth ER: Lipids are built Nucleus: DNA is stored Lysosome: Waste is digested Mitochondria: Glucose is broken down to make ATP Chloroplast: carbon dioxide and water are changed to glucose Vacuole: Materials are stored Rough ER: Proteins are folded Golgi body: Molecules are packaged to be sent to other cells Cell Wall: Protects the cell Chromosomes: Is the genetic information (DNA) Cytoplasm: The solution that everything is in Cell Membrane: Controls what enters/exits the cell

24 Which part is #9? A.Golgi Apparatus B.Mitochondria C.Cell membrane D.Nucleus

25 Which part is #5 (pink)? A.Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Mitochondria C.Cell membrane D.Lysosome

26 What are all those little red dots on #5? A.Nucleus B.Mitochondria C.Ribosomes D.Lysosome

27 Where are proteins made? A.Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Mitochondria C.Ribosomes D.Lysosome

28 Where is the DNA stored? A.Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Mitochondria C.Nucleus D.Lysosome

29 Where are biomolecules broken down? A.Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Mitochondria C.Nucleus D.Lysosome

30 Where is ATP made? A.Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Mitochondria C.Nucleus D.Lysosome

31 Where does this reaction happen? Glucose + O 2  Energy + CO 2 + H 2 O A.Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Mitochondria C.Nucleus D.Lysosome

32 Where does this reaction happen? CO 2 + H 2 O  Sugar + O 2 A.chloroplast B.Mitochondria C.Nucleus D.chloroplast

33 What are golgi bodies for? A.storing DNA B.storing proteins C.packaging molecules for export from the cell D.digesting molecules

34 What are cell walls for? A.controlling what can enter/exit the cell B.support C.to build ribosomes D.to destroy viruses

35 What are cell membranes for? A.controlling what can enter/exit the cell B.support C.to build ribosomes D.to destroy virus's

36 One difference between plant and animal cells is… A.Only plants have an Endoplasmic Reticulum B.Only animal cells have mitochondria C.Only plant cells have a cell wall D.Only animal cells have a nucleus

37 One difference between plant and animal cells is… A.Only plant cells have a large vacuole B.Only animal cells have ribosomes C.Only plant cells have a cell membrane D.Only animal cells have a nucleus


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