Presentation on theme: "Tobacco. Facts A single puff of tobacco smoke exposes the body to more that 4,000 chemicals. Almost all of these make the body unable to work as it."— Presentation transcript:
Facts A single puff of tobacco smoke exposes the body to more that 4,000 chemicals. Almost all of these make the body unable to work as it should. At least 43 of the chemicals in tobacco smoke are known to cause cancer in smokers. Called carcinogens Smoke also harms the health of nonsmokers. Even smokeless tobacco causes health problems, including cancer in its users.
Scary Facts Smoking kills more people than AIDS, drug abuse, car accidents, and murder – combined. 6,000 teenagers light up every day for the very first time. More than 3,000 kids become regular smokers each day. Over 430,000 people die each year in the US from smoking.
What is in Tobacco? Nicotine : is an addictive drug found in tobacco. It makes tobacco users crave more nicotine. Causes both stimulant & depressant effects: Stimulation for approximately 45-60 minutes. Depressant effects if another cigarette is not used.
What is in Tobacco? Tar : is a thick dark liquid that forms when tobacco burns. This liquid covers the lining of the lungs. Carbon Monoxide : is a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas produced when tobacco burns. http://catrineayrshirecouk.ipage.com/tarbig.jpg
Other Chemicals in Tobacco Smoke: Formaldehyde : irritating acidic gas that is used in lab disinfectants and preservatives. Cyanide : is a deadly poison. Methanol : a poisonous liquid alcohol, is known to cause blindness. http://www.healthybeautyproject.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/03/formaldehyde.jpg
Tobacco in Many Forms It comes in several forms: Smoked or chewed. Most common is smoked. Cigarettes: Made from shredded tobacco leaves. Filters in cigarettes can reduce amount of nicotine & tar in cigarette smoke. They do not help to decrease the amount of carbon monoxide and other disease-causing chemicals.
Tobacco in Many Forms Smokeless Tobacco: Two forms of tobacco are placed in the mouth instead of being smoked. Chewing Tobacco: Made from compressed, coarsely ground leaves. A wad is placed between the cheek and gum, where it is sucked or chewed. Snuff: if a finely ground, powdery substance. It is placed between the lower lip & gum, where it mixes with saliva and is absorbed.
Tobacco in Many Forms Smokeless Tobacco is NOT a safe alternative to smoking. The nicotine is just as harmful & addictive. Also linked to increased incidence of mouth cancer and cancers of the esophagus, larynx and pancreas. Also inflamed gums, bad breath, yellowed teeth, and stomach ulcers.
Tobacco in Many Forms Pipes & Cigars: Also use shredded tobacco leaves, some of which may be flavored. These smoker usually develop lung cancers less often because they usually inhale less smoke. More likely than cigarette smokers to develop cancers of lip, mouth, tongue and throat.
Tobacco & Your Body Nervous system: Smoking reduces the flow of oxygen to the brain, possibly leading to a stroke. Circulatory system: Smoking weakens the blood vessels. Smoking also causes a fatty buildup that clogs the blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack or a stroke.
Tobacco & Your Body Respiratory system: Tar & other chemicals leave a sticky residue that destroys structures in the lungs. Also damages the alveoli, the tiny air sacs in the lungs. This damage causes difficulty in breathing & prevents oxygen from getting to the rest of the body. Smokers are 10X more likely than nonsmokers to develop lung cancer.
Tobacco & Your Body Digestive system: Tobacco causes bad breath. It stains the teeth & makes them susceptible to cavities. Tobacco dulls the taste buds and can cause cancer of the mouth and throat. It is also a cause of stomach ulcers. Excretory System: Smoking increases the danger of bladder cancer. Smokers have 2X the risk of bladder cancer than nonsmokers have.
The Costs to Society Smokers pay a high price: Price of tobacco products Pack of cigarettes now costs $5 W. Virginia, $9 here, $12.50 in NY. Cost of health care One MRI scan can cost up to $3000. In 1965 health warnings began to appear on cigarette packs. 1971 cigarette advertisements were banned from radio & TV. 1996 regulations were approved to limit access persons under 18.
Tobacco Addiction Addiction: a physical or psychological need for a drug or other substance. Withdrawal: unpleasant symptoms that occur when someone stops using an addictive substance. Become anxious, depressed, irritable & tired. Nicotine cause TWO kinds of addiction: physiological and psychological.
Tobacco Addiction Physiological dependence: a type of addiction in which the body itself feels a direct need for a drug. - Nicotine. This is strong in smokers: Smokers will not feel normal again until they have another dose of the drug. As body becomes more accustomed to the drug, the body needs it more & more often to feel its effect.
Tobacco Addiction Physiological : Brain: Nicotine inhaled from a cigarette reaches the brain in 20 seconds. Leads to increased HR and BP. Heart: Nicotine increases the HR by as much as 33 BPM.
Tobacco Addiction Psychological: Is an addiction in which the mind sends the body the message that it needs more of a substance. Habits: smoking after a meal, reading newspaper, work break, etc. Feel calmer after smoke, but only feeding the addiction, not actually calmer.
Short-Term Effects Increased heart rate Vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels) Lowered skin temperature Diarrhea & intestinal cramps Restricted blood flow to the skin – may interfere with healing & causes premature ageing.
Long-Term Effects Heart & Blood vessels Cardiovascular disease – heart attacks, stroke, hypertension Atherosclerosis & arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries Why? Carbon monoxide attaches to hemoglobin – prevents oxygen from getting to cells. (oxygen attaches to hemoglobin)
Long-Term Effects Leukoplakia – chewing tobacco Leathery, pre-cancerous white patches in the mouth where a person has repeatedly used chewing tobacco. http://www.dentistry.leeds.ac.uk/oralpath/viruses/viral%20infections/340%20im ages/other%20viral%20images/hairy%20leukoplakia.jpg http://hardinmd.lib.uiowa.edu/pictures22/cdc/6061_lores.jpg
Long-Term Effects Hairy Tongue – chewing tobacco Elongation of the papillae on the tongue: resembles hair. http://www.riversideonline.com/source/images/image_popup/ww5rn8 3.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_SUh3PCqo5mg/TJ7nsddFuGI/AAAAAAAAAI A/6zO9SAclw4I/s1600/black+hairy+tongue.jpg
Effects on Embryo/Fetus Nicotine is found in breast milk & passes through the placenta. High risk of stillbirth & miscarriage High risk of hearing impairments. Low birth weight (less than 5.5lbs) Growth & intellectual deficiencies More prone to SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) Higher risk of birth defects.
Staying Tobacco Free Pages 287 – 291 Saying No to Tobacco - 287 Kicking the habit – 288 Programs that help – 289 How tobacco affects nonsmokers – 290