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The Twenties Part One A Turbulent Decade. Post World War I Issues ● Fear of Communism ● Limiting Immigration ● Labor Unrest You Tube: First Red Scare.

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Presentation on theme: "The Twenties Part One A Turbulent Decade. Post World War I Issues ● Fear of Communism ● Limiting Immigration ● Labor Unrest You Tube: First Red Scare."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Twenties Part One A Turbulent Decade

2 Post World War I Issues ● Fear of Communism ● Limiting Immigration ● Labor Unrest You Tube: First Red Scare

3 Fear of Communism ● The Red Scare ● The Palmer Raids ● Sacco and Vanzetti ● YouTube - Sacco and Vanzetti - song by Woody Guthire & David Rovics YouTube - Sacco and Vanzetti - song by Woody Guthire & David Rovics Sacco and Vanzetti Palmer Raids A. Mitchell Palmer

4 Immigration to the United States

5 Limiting Immigration ● Nativism ● The Klan Rises Again ● The Quota System- sharply reduced immigration from southern and eastern Europe as well as Asia.

6 Labor Unrest ● In 1919, unions called for more than 3000 strikes involving more than 4 million workers ● Employers refused demands for higher wages/shorter hours/right to join unions ● Employers labeled strikers as communists John L. Lewis

7 Republicans in Power Warren Harding Calvin Coolidge Herbert Hoover *Election of pro-business presidents Harding and Coolidge *Isolationist philosophy *Immigration quotas *Tariffs on imports to discourage foreign business competition *Corruption in Harding's administration

8 Business and Technology You Tube: Henry Ford and Model T You Tube: Henry Ford and Model T ● Growth of automobile industry ● Advertising gains popularity ● Widespread use of electricity ● Increased production of consumer goods ● Buying on credit ● Superficial prosperity

9 The Twenties Part Two Jazz Age

10 F. Scott Fitzgerald ● Coined the term “Jazz Age” ● Author of The Great Gatsby

11 Changing Ways of Life ● Prohibition ● Science and Religion Clash ● The Twenties Woman ● Sports ● Music and Dance ● Harlem Renaissance Charles Lindbergh

12 Prohibition ● The banning of the manufacture, sale, and possession of alcoholic beverage (18 th Amendment) ● Speakeasies and bootleggers ● Organized Crime ● YouTube - Paper Lace-The Night Chicago Died YouTube - Paper Lace-The Night Chicago Died Al Capone

13 Science and Religion Clash ● Battle between fundamentalist religious groups and secular thinkers over the validity of certain scientific discoveries ● Fundamentalists contest Darwin's theory of evolution ● Scopes Monkey Trial Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan

14 The Twenties Woman ● The Flapper ● New Work Opportunities ● Right to Vote (19 th Amendment) ● YouTube-19th Amendment YouTube-19th Amendment

15 Sports Heroes of the 1920's Babe Ruth Jim Thorpe Helen Wills Gertrude Ederle

16 Jazz Age As jazz music was sweeping the nation via the phonograph, radio, and the movies, young men and their flapper partners shocked their elders by dancing cheek-to- cheek fox-trots and the Charleston. The Charleston Dance Louie Armstrong George Gershwin

17 Harlem Renaissance A literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture. YouTube - Harlem renaissanceYouTube - Harlem renaissance Langston Hughes

18 “I, Too” by Langston Hughes I, too sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong. Tomorrow, I'll be at the table When company comes. Nobody'll dare Say to me, “Eat in the kitchen,” Then. Besides, They'll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed- I, too, am America.

19 Youth in the Roaring Twenties Flagpole Sitting Dance Marathons Oxford Bags Bobbed Hair

20 Applesauce- an expletive same as horsefeathers, As in "Ah applesauce!" Bee's Knees - An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the ultimate Cat's Meow - Something splendid or stylish; The best or greatest, wonderful. Copacetic - Wonderful, fine, all right Drugstore Cowboy - a guy that hangs around on a street corner trying to pick up girls Egg - a person who lives the big life Flat Tire - A dull witted, insipid, disappointing date. Same as pill, pickle, drag, rag, oilcan Heebie-Jeebies - The jitters Hotsy - Totsy - Pleasing Real McCoy - The genuine article Ritzy - Elegant (from the hotel) Cheaters - Eyeglasses Dumb Dora - a stupid female Giggle Water - An intoxicating beverage; alcohol Wet Blanket - a solemn person, a killjoy 1920’s Slang Language Sampler


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