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1 Ethics: Chapter 7 Virtue and Vices. 2 Virtues and Vices All moral theories respect virtues and deplore vices, though to different degrees Jesus of Nazareth.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Ethics: Chapter 7 Virtue and Vices. 2 Virtues and Vices All moral theories respect virtues and deplore vices, though to different degrees Jesus of Nazareth."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Ethics: Chapter 7 Virtue and Vices

2 2 Virtues and Vices All moral theories respect virtues and deplore vices, though to different degrees Jesus of Nazareth gave us a set of Virtues Mercy, love of righteousness, meekness and love of one’s enemies Jesus also gave us a set of vices Lust, vengefulness and hate Virtues and Vices All moral theories respect virtues and deplore vices, though to different degrees Jesus of Nazareth gave us a set of Virtues Mercy, love of righteousness, meekness and love of one’s enemies Jesus also gave us a set of vices Lust, vengefulness and hate

3 3 Virtues and Vices The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love Happy are those who know they are spiritually poor; the kingdom of heaven belongs to them Happy are those who morn; God will comfort them Happy are the meek; they will receive what God has promised… The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love Happy are those who know they are spiritually poor; the kingdom of heaven belongs to them Happy are those who morn; God will comfort them Happy are the meek; they will receive what God has promised…

4 4 Virtues and Vices The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love Your light must shine before people, so that they will see the good things you do I come not to do away with the Law of Moses, but to make their teachings come true The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love Your light must shine before people, so that they will see the good things you do I come not to do away with the Law of Moses, but to make their teachings come true

5 5 Virtues and Vices The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love Whoever obeys the Law and teaches others to do the same will be great in the Kingdom of Heaven Do not murder, that is against the law, but I say do not become angry with your brother because that is wrong also The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love Whoever obeys the Law and teaches others to do the same will be great in the Kingdom of Heaven Do not murder, that is against the law, but I say do not become angry with your brother because that is wrong also

6 6 Virtues and Vices The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love So, if your right eye causes you to sin, take it out and throw it away It is better for you to enter into heaven missing a part of your body than to be thrown into hell Don’t make promises you can’t keep and down swear by the heavens The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love So, if your right eye causes you to sin, take it out and throw it away It is better for you to enter into heaven missing a part of your body than to be thrown into hell Don’t make promises you can’t keep and down swear by the heavens

7 7 Virtues and Vices The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love We have all heard of “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”, but I am telling you do not take revenge on someone when they do you wrong When someone slaps you on your cheek offer them you other cheek too The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love We have all heard of “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”, but I am telling you do not take revenge on someone when they do you wrong When someone slaps you on your cheek offer them you other cheek too

8 8 Virtues and Vices The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love When someone asks you for something give it to them Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you Why should God reward you if you love only the people who love you? The Sermon On the Mount Jesus sets forth a radical ethic of nonviolence and love When someone asks you for something give it to them Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you Why should God reward you if you love only the people who love you?

9 9 Virtues and Vices The Sermon of “The Good Samaritan” The Samaritans were a despised ethnic group, with whom the Jews would have no relations So, a priest comes by Then, a Levite Finally, a Samaritan Jesus then asks, “Which one of these three acted like a fellow man toward the man attacked by the robbers?” The Sermon of “The Good Samaritan” The Samaritans were a despised ethnic group, with whom the Jews would have no relations So, a priest comes by Then, a Levite Finally, a Samaritan Jesus then asks, “Which one of these three acted like a fellow man toward the man attacked by the robbers?”

10 10 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? During the last years of his life, Tolstoy liberated peasants, gave away most of his possessions and lived like a peasant himself We get a picture of his life in the parable of “How Much Land Does a Man Need?” How Much Land Does a Man Need? During the last years of his life, Tolstoy liberated peasants, gave away most of his possessions and lived like a peasant himself We get a picture of his life in the parable of “How Much Land Does a Man Need?”

11 11 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? Pahom always compared himself to others and lamented on what he didn’t have and how much others did have and that they should not be so harsh on those that did not have land Pahom made a statement “If he had enough land he would be happy” So the devil was going to make sure he had enough land How Much Land Does a Man Need? Pahom always compared himself to others and lamented on what he didn’t have and how much others did have and that they should not be so harsh on those that did not have land Pahom made a statement “If he had enough land he would be happy” So the devil was going to make sure he had enough land

12 12 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? First, Pahom bought 40 acres and prospered, but the peasants kept trespassing on his land At first he forgave them, but when it kept happening again and again he finally took the trespassers to court Then Pahom believed the peasants were trespassing on purpose and started accusing others of act they did not do How Much Land Does a Man Need? First, Pahom bought 40 acres and prospered, but the peasants kept trespassing on his land At first he forgave them, but when it kept happening again and again he finally took the trespassers to court Then Pahom believed the peasants were trespassing on purpose and started accusing others of act they did not do

13 13 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? Pahom argued with everyone, peasants and judges and was disliked by most everyone, but he had land Pahom met a traveler and the traveler told Pahom of a place where he could get good land very reasonable and Pahom was filled with desire So he sold his land at a profit and bought 3x as much land and became 10x richer How Much Land Does a Man Need? Pahom argued with everyone, peasants and judges and was disliked by most everyone, but he had land Pahom met a traveler and the traveler told Pahom of a place where he could get good land very reasonable and Pahom was filled with desire So he sold his land at a profit and bought 3x as much land and became 10x richer

14 14 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? Pahom didn’t like the fact that he had to rent some of the land, so he saved up his money and 1300 more acres of land A dealer then told Pahom of lands that could be purchased for next to nothing and Pahom reasoned, “Why should I pay for this land when I can get even more? So again Pahom was on the road to acquire more land How Much Land Does a Man Need? Pahom didn’t like the fact that he had to rent some of the land, so he saved up his money and 1300 more acres of land A dealer then told Pahom of lands that could be purchased for next to nothing and Pahom reasoned, “Why should I pay for this land when I can get even more? So again Pahom was on the road to acquire more land

15 15 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? When Pahom finally arrived at the Bashkirs, he was told he could have as much land as he wanted, “Just tell us what you want”. Btu Pahom was a businessman and wanted it in writing to which the Bashkirs replied that they would sign a contract The price was to be 1,000 roubles a day, as much as you can walk in one day How Much Land Does a Man Need? When Pahom finally arrived at the Bashkirs, he was told he could have as much land as he wanted, “Just tell us what you want”. Btu Pahom was a businessman and wanted it in writing to which the Bashkirs replied that they would sign a contract The price was to be 1,000 roubles a day, as much as you can walk in one day

16 16 Virtues and Vices How Much Land Does a Man Need? So Pahom devised a plan that he would take much more than he needed and sell off what he didn’t need and get the land for free Pahom started out on his journey and kept taking more and more land until he had more than enough In the end, he was so greedy, and took so much land he lost all the land and his life How Much Land Does a Man Need? So Pahom devised a plan that he would take much more than he needed and sell off what he didn’t need and get the land for free Pahom started out on his journey and kept taking more and more land until he had more than enough In the end, he was so greedy, and took so much land he lost all the land and his life

17 17 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude There are two methods by which men arrive at an opinion of their worth By comparing themselves with others In this way I either increase by own worth or Diminish his do that I can always regard myself as superior This is the origins of jealousy Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude There are two methods by which men arrive at an opinion of their worth By comparing themselves with others In this way I either increase by own worth or Diminish his do that I can always regard myself as superior This is the origins of jealousy

18 18 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude There are two methods by which men arrive at an opinion of their worth By comparing themselves with the idea of perfection This according to Kant is the preferred method The idea of perfection is a proper standard Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude There are two methods by which men arrive at an opinion of their worth By comparing themselves with the idea of perfection This according to Kant is the preferred method The idea of perfection is a proper standard

19 19 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude An envious man is not happy unless all around him are unhappy His aim is to stand alone in the enjoyment of his happiness Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude An envious man is not happy unless all around him are unhappy His aim is to stand alone in the enjoyment of his happiness

20 20 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude We feel pleasure in gossiping about the minor misadventures of other people This heightens our own felling of comfort and happiness Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude We feel pleasure in gossiping about the minor misadventures of other people This heightens our own felling of comfort and happiness

21 21 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude If I receive a favor, I am placed under an obligation to the giver, he has a call on me because I am indebted to him The indebted person can’t accommodate himself to the idea that he owes the person anything His ingratitude might even conceivably assume such dimensions that he can’t bear his benefactor and becomes his enemy Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude If I receive a favor, I am placed under an obligation to the giver, he has a call on me because I am indebted to him The indebted person can’t accommodate himself to the idea that he owes the person anything His ingratitude might even conceivably assume such dimensions that he can’t bear his benefactor and becomes his enemy

22 22 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude It is inhuman to hate and persecute one from whom we have reaped a benefit Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude It is inhuman to hate and persecute one from whom we have reaped a benefit

23 23 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Envy is the highest degree detestable The envious man does not merely want to be happy, he wants to be the only happy person in the world He is really contented only when he sees nothing but misery around him Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Envy is the highest degree detestable The envious man does not merely want to be happy, he wants to be the only happy person in the world He is really contented only when he sees nothing but misery around him

24 24 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Malice is taking direct pleasure in the misfortunes of others People enjoy the misery they have produced Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Malice is taking direct pleasure in the misfortunes of others People enjoy the misery they have produced

25 25 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude All this said, we may ask whether there is in the human mind an immediate inclination to wickedness We have no direct inclination towards evil as evil, but only an indirect one This can be seen in children who have a spirit of mischief in them, but these tendencies need to be nipped in the bud Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude All this said, we may ask whether there is in the human mind an immediate inclination to wickedness We have no direct inclination towards evil as evil, but only an indirect one This can be seen in children who have a spirit of mischief in them, but these tendencies need to be nipped in the bud

26 26 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude To help a man in distress is charity To help him in less urgent needs is benevolence To help him in the amenities of life is courtesy We are grateful not only for what we have received, but also for the good intention which prompted it Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude To help a man in distress is charity To help him in less urgent needs is benevolence To help him in the amenities of life is courtesy We are grateful not only for what we have received, but also for the good intention which prompted it

27 27 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude To many races God appeared to be a jealous God, seeing that it cost him nothing to be more bountiful with his goodness But God’s goodness must be of a high order if he is to be good to a being so unworthy of his goodness So, the gratitude we owe to God is not gratitude from inclination, but duty Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude To many races God appeared to be a jealous God, seeing that it cost him nothing to be more bountiful with his goodness But God’s goodness must be of a high order if he is to be good to a being so unworthy of his goodness So, the gratitude we owe to God is not gratitude from inclination, but duty

28 28 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Kant also warns use about accepting favors unless we are either forced to do so by dire necessity or have implicit confidence in out benefactor, otherwise we are under an obligation Even if I repay the debt, I am still not even, because he has done me a kindness which he did not owe Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Kant also warns use about accepting favors unless we are either forced to do so by dire necessity or have implicit confidence in out benefactor, otherwise we are under an obligation Even if I repay the debt, I am still not even, because he has done me a kindness which he did not owe

29 29 Virtues and Vices Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Kant also warns use about accepting favors unless we are either forced to do so by dire necessity or have implicit confidence in out benefactor, otherwise we are under an obligation Even if I repay the debt, I am still not even, because he has done me a kindness which he did not owe Jealousy, Malice and Ingratitude Kant also warns use about accepting favors unless we are either forced to do so by dire necessity or have implicit confidence in out benefactor, otherwise we are under an obligation Even if I repay the debt, I am still not even, because he has done me a kindness which he did not owe

30 30 Virtues and Vices Moral Cowardice The Kitty Genovese Story Moral Cowardice The Kitty Genovese Story

31 31 Virtues and Vices Three Days to See (Gratitude) Helen Keller says we should live each day as if we should die tomorrow This attitude would emphasize the values of life Most of us take life for granted We all know that we will eventually die, but that day is far into the future Three Days to See (Gratitude) Helen Keller says we should live each day as if we should die tomorrow This attitude would emphasize the values of life Most of us take life for granted We all know that we will eventually die, but that day is far into the future

32 32 Virtues and Vices Three Days to See (Gratitude) Only the deaf appreciate hearing and the blind realize the blessings of sight Those who have never suffered impairment of sight or hearing seldom make the fullest use of their faculties We aren’t grateful for what we have until we lose it Keller recommends we lose sight or hearing for a day so we will appreciate it more when it returns Three Days to See (Gratitude) Only the deaf appreciate hearing and the blind realize the blessings of sight Those who have never suffered impairment of sight or hearing seldom make the fullest use of their faculties We aren’t grateful for what we have until we lose it Keller recommends we lose sight or hearing for a day so we will appreciate it more when it returns

33 33 Virtues and Vices Three Days to See (Gratitude) Remember Keller could not see nor hear and her only contact with the outside world was through the sense of touch She longed to augment her sense of touch with sight or sounds By having sight she would take in the memory of as many as possible objects so that when returned to darkness she could remember all of them in her memory Three Days to See (Gratitude) Remember Keller could not see nor hear and her only contact with the outside world was through the sense of touch She longed to augment her sense of touch with sight or sounds By having sight she would take in the memory of as many as possible objects so that when returned to darkness she could remember all of them in her memory

34 34 Virtues and Vices Three Days to See (Gratitude) Do we take for granted the things we see routinely? We have conditioned ourselves to see only the startling or spectacular What is the color and pattern of the wallpaper in your kitchen or bathroom? Keller could know the outside lines of an object but not the color or design Three Days to See (Gratitude) Do we take for granted the things we see routinely? We have conditioned ourselves to see only the startling or spectacular What is the color and pattern of the wallpaper in your kitchen or bathroom? Keller could know the outside lines of an object but not the color or design

35 35 Virtues and Vices The Stoic Catechism Epictetus Known as a kindly man, humble and charitable especially to children He was crippled in slavery which may have influenced him We should submit to our fate as God’s sacred gift and design, to do our duty faithfully and therefore acquire a peaceful mind The Stoic Catechism Epictetus Known as a kindly man, humble and charitable especially to children He was crippled in slavery which may have influenced him We should submit to our fate as God’s sacred gift and design, to do our duty faithfully and therefore acquire a peaceful mind

36 36 Virtues and Vices The Stoic Catechism Epictetus If you don’t get what you desire, desire what you get All human beings were brothers and sisters under one father, God The Stoic Catechism Epictetus If you don’t get what you desire, desire what you get All human beings were brothers and sisters under one father, God

37 37 Virtues and Vices The Stoic Catechism Marcus Aurelius Perform every act is done as though it were the last act of your life Free yourself from random aims and curb tendency to let the passions of emotion, hypocrisy, self love and dissatisfaction with your allotted share cause you to ignore the commands of reason The Stoic Catechism Marcus Aurelius Perform every act is done as though it were the last act of your life Free yourself from random aims and curb tendency to let the passions of emotion, hypocrisy, self love and dissatisfaction with your allotted share cause you to ignore the commands of reason

38 38 Virtues and Vices The Stoic Catechism Seneca, Death and Suicide You should always reflect eh quality of your life and not he quantity of your life When there are too many events in your life that give you trouble and disturb your peace of mind, you should set yourself free Dying is a means of escaping form the danger of living ill The Stoic Catechism Seneca, Death and Suicide You should always reflect eh quality of your life and not he quantity of your life When there are too many events in your life that give you trouble and disturb your peace of mind, you should set yourself free Dying is a means of escaping form the danger of living ill

39 39 Virtues and Vices The Stoic Catechism Epictetus, Enchiridion Some things are up to us and some things are not up to us If you think naturally slavish things are free and that alien things are your own, you will be impeded, grieved, troubled, you will blame the gods and men The Stoic Catechism Epictetus, Enchiridion Some things are up to us and some things are not up to us If you think naturally slavish things are free and that alien things are your own, you will be impeded, grieved, troubled, you will blame the gods and men

40 40 Virtues and Vices The Stoic Catechism Epictetus, Enchiridion If you think that what is yours is yours and what is alien is alien as it really is, you will not complain about anything You will have no enemy, no one will hurt you, you will not suffer anything harmful Epictetus goes on to say don’t expect anything and you will never be disappointed and know your limitations The Stoic Catechism Epictetus, Enchiridion If you think that what is yours is yours and what is alien is alien as it really is, you will not complain about anything You will have no enemy, no one will hurt you, you will not suffer anything harmful Epictetus goes on to say don’t expect anything and you will never be disappointed and know your limitations

41 41 Virtues and Vices In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch By reacting to our daughters death we should remain in a stable state By acting any other way I will be distressed Everything should be conducted with discretion and in silence with only the essential accoutrements In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch By reacting to our daughters death we should remain in a stable state By acting any other way I will be distressed Everything should be conducted with discretion and in silence with only the essential accoutrements

42 42 Virtues and Vices In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch Affection is what we gratify by missing, valuing and remembering the dead, but the insatiable desire for grief is just as contemptible as hedonistic indulgence Only an individual lets grief enter himself, but after a while it becomes a habitual presence and then it doesn’t leave however much we want it to In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch Affection is what we gratify by missing, valuing and remembering the dead, but the insatiable desire for grief is just as contemptible as hedonistic indulgence Only an individual lets grief enter himself, but after a while it becomes a habitual presence and then it doesn’t leave however much we want it to

43 43 Virtues and Vices In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch When people see a friend’s house on fire, then everyone contributes what he can to put it out as quickly as possible When that same friend’s mind is on fire, they bring fuel In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch When people see a friend’s house on fire, then everyone contributes what he can to put it out as quickly as possible When that same friend’s mind is on fire, they bring fuel

44 44 Virtues and Vices In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch We must not erase the intervening two years form out memories, but since they brought happiness and joy, we must count them as pleasant We should not be ungrateful for what we received just because our further hopes were dashed by fortune In Consolation to His Wife Plutarch We must not erase the intervening two years form out memories, but since they brought happiness and joy, we must count them as pleasant We should not be ungrateful for what we received just because our further hopes were dashed by fortune

45 45 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Stockdale was on top and had found the keys to success He believed he had everything in life, but was naïve about the resources he would need in order to survive a lengthy period of captivity He realized without personal integrity intellectual skills are worthless The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Stockdale was on top and had found the keys to success He believed he had everything in life, but was naïve about the resources he would need in order to survive a lengthy period of captivity He realized without personal integrity intellectual skills are worthless

46 46 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale When supported with education a person’s integrity can give him something to rely on when his perspective seems to blur, when rule and principles seem to waver and when he’s faced with hard choices of right or wrong The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale When supported with education a person’s integrity can give him something to rely on when his perspective seems to blur, when rule and principles seem to waver and when he’s faced with hard choices of right or wrong

47 47 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale The man was handsome, smart, articulate and smooth, but obsessed with success When the going got tough, he decided expediency was preferable to principle He was a classical opportunist, he befriended and worked for the enemy to the detriment of his fellow Americans The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale The man was handsome, smart, articulate and smooth, but obsessed with success When the going got tough, he decided expediency was preferable to principle He was a classical opportunist, he befriended and worked for the enemy to the detriment of his fellow Americans

48 48 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale He was willing to sell his soul just to satisfy his needs The only way he could get the attention that he demanded from authority was to grovel and ingratiate himself before the enemy The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale He was willing to sell his soul just to satisfy his needs The only way he could get the attention that he demanded from authority was to grovel and ingratiate himself before the enemy

49 49 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Some people are at home in extortion environments They are tough people who instinctively avoid getting sucked into the undertows They never kid themselves, if they miss the mark they admit it The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Some people are at home in extortion environments They are tough people who instinctively avoid getting sucked into the undertows They never kid themselves, if they miss the mark they admit it

50 50 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Other people make small compromises, they rationalize it, then they make another and get depressed They become lonely, are full of shame, lose their willpower, self respect which results in a tragic end The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Other people make small compromises, they rationalize it, then they make another and get depressed They become lonely, are full of shame, lose their willpower, self respect which results in a tragic end

51 51 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Stockdale realized that hatred was an indulgence, a very inefficient emotion If you were committed to beating the dealer in a casino would hating him help your game? Old communists became tough by their prison experiences The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Stockdale realized that hatred was an indulgence, a very inefficient emotion If you were committed to beating the dealer in a casino would hating him help your game? Old communists became tough by their prison experiences

52 52 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Life isn’t fair The story of Job Here was a good man who came into unexplained grief The Lord told him “That’s the way it is, don’t challenge me. This is my world and you live in it as I designed The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Life isn’t fair The story of Job Here was a good man who came into unexplained grief The Lord told him “That’s the way it is, don’t challenge me. This is my world and you live in it as I designed

53 53 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Men are not disturbed by things, but by the view that they take of them Demand not that events should happen as you wish, but wish them to happen as they do happen and you will go on well Lameness is an impediment to the body, but not to the will The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Men are not disturbed by things, but by the view that they take of them Demand not that events should happen as you wish, but wish them to happen as they do happen and you will go on well Lameness is an impediment to the body, but not to the will

54 54 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale If I can get the things I need with the preservation of my honor and fidelity and self respect, show me the way and I will get them But, if you require men to lose my own proper good, that you may gain what is not good, consider how unreasonable and foolish you are The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale If I can get the things I need with the preservation of my honor and fidelity and self respect, show me the way and I will get them But, if you require men to lose my own proper good, that you may gain what is not good, consider how unreasonable and foolish you are

55 55 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale If you don’t lose integrity, you can’t be had and you can’t be hurt You can’t be had if you don’t take that first shortcut, meet them halfway, make a deal or make the first compromise The Slippery Slope The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale If you don’t lose integrity, you can’t be had and you can’t be hurt You can’t be had if you don’t take that first shortcut, meet them halfway, make a deal or make the first compromise The Slippery Slope

56 56 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Three Types of Korean Prisoners The redneck Marine sergeant from Tennessee who had an eight grade education There was no way they could get to him, his mind was made up Everything was red, white and blue, nothing else mattered The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Three Types of Korean Prisoners The redneck Marine sergeant from Tennessee who had an eight grade education There was no way they could get to him, his mind was made up Everything was red, white and blue, nothing else mattered

57 57 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Three Types of Korean Prisoners The Sophisticates They had heard it all before, knew both sides of every story and thought we were on the right tract They were aware that every civilization has skeletons in their closet The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Three Types of Korean Prisoners The Sophisticates They had heard it all before, knew both sides of every story and thought we were on the right tract They were aware that every civilization has skeletons in their closet

58 58 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Three Types of Korean Prisoners The High School Graduate Had enough common sense to pick up on the innuendo, but not enough education to accommodate it properly A little knowledge is a dangerous thing The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Three Types of Korean Prisoners The High School Graduate Had enough common sense to pick up on the innuendo, but not enough education to accommodate it properly A little knowledge is a dangerous thing

59 59 Virtues and Vices The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Education is a tremendous defense, the broader the better In stressful situations, the fundamentals, the hardcore classical subjects are what serve us the best You also learn leadership traits, compassion, spontaneity, bravery, self discipline, honesty and integrity The World of Epictetus Vice Admiral Stockdale Education is a tremendous defense, the broader the better In stressful situations, the fundamentals, the hardcore classical subjects are what serve us the best You also learn leadership traits, compassion, spontaneity, bravery, self discipline, honesty and integrity

60 60 Virtues and Vices The Story of David and Bathsheba King David sees Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah, and wants her for his own David summons her to the palace and they engage in sexual intercourse Later Bathsheba tells David she is pregnant David tells Joab to put Uriah in the front of the fighting line so that he will be killed The Story of David and Bathsheba King David sees Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah, and wants her for his own David summons her to the palace and they engage in sexual intercourse Later Bathsheba tells David she is pregnant David tells Joab to put Uriah in the front of the fighting line so that he will be killed

61 61 Virtues and Vices The Story of David and Bathsheba After Bathsheba grieves the loss of her husband Uriah, David has her come to live with him The Lord sends Nathan to tell David of his wrongdoing and punishes David by the death of the child that Bathsheba has born The Story of David and Bathsheba After Bathsheba grieves the loss of her husband Uriah, David has her come to live with him The Lord sends Nathan to tell David of his wrongdoing and punishes David by the death of the child that Bathsheba has born

62 62 Virtues and Vices Where Love Is, There is God The Cobbler named Martin Martin reads the story of the Pharisee and the handmaiden “He gave no water for his feet, gave no kiss, no anointing of his head with oil… Martin has a “dream” that tells him if he looks into the street tomorrow he will see God Where Love Is, There is God The Cobbler named Martin Martin reads the story of the Pharisee and the handmaiden “He gave no water for his feet, gave no kiss, no anointing of his head with oil… Martin has a “dream” that tells him if he looks into the street tomorrow he will see God

63 63 Virtues and Vices Where Love Is, There is God The Cobbler named Martin The next day Martin see an “Old Soldier”, Stepanitch and gives him… A poorly dressed woman with a baby in her arms and Martin gives her… An old woman who is carrying a heavy burden and Martin gives her… Where Love Is, There is God The Cobbler named Martin The next day Martin see an “Old Soldier”, Stepanitch and gives him… A poorly dressed woman with a baby in her arms and Martin gives her… An old woman who is carrying a heavy burden and Martin gives her…

64 64 Virtues and Vices Where Love Is, There is God The Cobbler named Martin Later that day when Martin returned to his bible he read “I was hunger and ye gave me meat, I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink, I was a stranger and ye took me in” “In as much as ye did it unto one of these my brethren, even these least, ye did it unto men Where Love Is, There is God The Cobbler named Martin Later that day when Martin returned to his bible he read “I was hunger and ye gave me meat, I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink, I was a stranger and ye took me in” “In as much as ye did it unto one of these my brethren, even these least, ye did it unto men

65 65 Virtues and Vices The Volunteer at Auschwitz Hitler believed the Poles are especially born for low labor… The Polish gentry must cease to exist… All representatives of the Polish intelligentsia are to be exterminated… There should be one master for the Poles, the Germans The Volunteer at Auschwitz Hitler believed the Poles are especially born for low labor… The Polish gentry must cease to exist… All representatives of the Polish intelligentsia are to be exterminated… There should be one master for the Poles, the Germans

66 66 Virtues and Vices The Volunteer at Auschwitz What about the Priests? The Priests will preach what we want them to preach If any priest acts differently, we will make short work of him The task of the Priest is to keep the Poles quiet, stupid and dull witted The Volunteer at Auschwitz What about the Priests? The Priests will preach what we want them to preach If any priest acts differently, we will make short work of him The task of the Priest is to keep the Poles quiet, stupid and dull witted

67 67 Virtues and Vices The Volunteer at Auschwitz Father Kolbe was found guilty of the crime of publishing unapproved materials and sentenced to Auschwitz The life expectancy of a Priest at Auschwitz was about one month During his time at Auschwitz, Kolbe still continued to minister to his fellow prisoners The Volunteer at Auschwitz Father Kolbe was found guilty of the crime of publishing unapproved materials and sentenced to Auschwitz The life expectancy of a Priest at Auschwitz was about one month During his time at Auschwitz, Kolbe still continued to minister to his fellow prisoners

68 68 Virtues and Vices The Volunteer at Auschwitz If someone escaped from the camp all the prisoners were punished as a deterrent But the punishment was the “Starvation Bunker” which was inhumane The Nazis pick out ten prisoners to die for the punishment of an escapee and Father Kolbe volunteered to take one of the condemned prisoners place Kolbe wasn’t looking for gratitude The Volunteer at Auschwitz If someone escaped from the camp all the prisoners were punished as a deterrent But the punishment was the “Starvation Bunker” which was inhumane The Nazis pick out ten prisoners to die for the punishment of an escapee and Father Kolbe volunteered to take one of the condemned prisoners place Kolbe wasn’t looking for gratitude

69 69 Virtues and Vices The Volunteer at Auschwitz Kolbe reasoned to the Nazis he was old and good for nothing Kolbe reasoned to himself Christ die on the cross, so I should die as Christ died Kolbe continued to minister to the prisoners and had them singing songs in the “Starvation Bunker” The prisoner had a shepherd leading them through the valley of death The Volunteer at Auschwitz Kolbe reasoned to the Nazis he was old and good for nothing Kolbe reasoned to himself Christ die on the cross, so I should die as Christ died Kolbe continued to minister to the prisoners and had them singing songs in the “Starvation Bunker” The prisoner had a shepherd leading them through the valley of death

70 70 Virtues and Vices The Volunteer at Auschwitz After the ten days had passed and the Nazis need the space in the “Starvation Bunker” they had to lethally inject Kolbe and three others to kill them The Volunteer at Auschwitz After the ten days had passed and the Nazis need the space in the “Starvation Bunker” they had to lethally inject Kolbe and three others to kill them


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