Presentation on theme: "A Unit on Types of Poetry and Literary Terms"— Presentation transcript:
1A Unit on Types of Poetry and Literary Terms Poetry Part ThreeA Unit on Types of Poetry and Literary Terms
2METER A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
3METER cont. FOOT - unit of meter. A foot can have two or three syllables.Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.TYPES OF FEETThe types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.(cont.)
4METER cont. TYPES OF FEET (cont.) Iambic - unstressed, stressed (ex: because)Trochaic - stressed, unstressed (ex: breakfast)Anapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressed(ex: as a rule)Dactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed(ex: in-between)
5Be the First to Identify the Meter Birdhouse Blood creeps Low light Venom Suggest Garbage Decay Happy Birthday I saw you everyday and all the while My head was hot
6Eyebrow Tunnel A violet by a mossy stone On the faraway island of Sal-a-ma-Sond Yertle the Turtle was king of the pond. Whose woods these are, I think I know from “Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening” by Robert Frost When the voices of children are heard on the green.
7Examples of Meter Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare “You blocks! You stones! You worse than senseless things!”Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare____________________________The sun did not shine. It was too wet to play. So we sat in the house all that cold, cold wet day._____________________________ from Dr. Seuss’ The Cat in the HatCome live with me and be my love.from Marlowe’s “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”He ordered nine turtles to swim to his stone.from Dr. Seuss’ Yertle the Turtle____________________________________Iambic pentameterAnapestic Tetrameter (lines are condensed together)Iambic PentameterAnapestic tetrameter
8METER cont. Kinds of Metrical Lines monometer = one foot on a line dimeter = two feet on a linetrimeter = three feet on a linetetrameter = four feet on a linepentameter = five feet on a linehexameter = six feet on a lineheptameter = seven feet on a lineoctometer = eight feet on a line
9Be the First to Identify the Meter and Feet! Picture yourself in a boat on a river with tangerine tree-ees and marmalade skii-ii-es. From: “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” by The Beatles Getting better all the time To be or not to be. Seasong, seasong, in my ear Waves upon the shore so near The murmuring pines and the forest primeval Adapted from Longfellow’s Evangeline Tell me not in mournful numbersDactyllic tetrameterDactyllic hexameterTrochaic pentameter
10Identify this poem:The morns are meeker than they were, The nuts are getting brown; The berry’s cheek is plumper, The rose is out of town. --Emily Dickinson
11Iambic Trimeter (mainly) The morns are meeker than they were, The nuts are getting brown; The berry’s cheek is plumper, The rose is out of town. --Emily Dickinson
12Identify this poem:Bats have webby wings that fold up; Bats from ceilings hang down rolled up; Bats when flying undismayed are; Bats are careful; bats use radar; --Frank Jacobs, “The Bat”
13Identify this poem:Just a small town girl Livin’ in a lonely world She took the midnight train Going anywhere Just a city boy Born and raised in South Detroit He took the midnight train going anywhere… Don’t stop believin’
14Rhyme Scheme and Meter: There was | a young la | -dy from York Who had | a great fond | -ness for pork. She ate | it all day And ne | -ver could play 'Cause her hand | would not put | down her fork.
15Rhyme Scheme and Meter: ’Twas the night before Christmas, and all through the houseNot a creature was stirring, not even a mouseThe stockings were hung by the chimney with careIn hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there.
16“My Papa’s Waltz” by Theodore Roethke The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself.The hand that held my wrist Was battered on one knuckle; At every step you missed My right ear scraped a buckle.You beat time on my head With a palm caked hard by dirt, Then waltzed me off to bed Still clinging to your shirt.What is the meter?How many feet does each line have?The final answer? Put it all together.Iambic Trimeter---like a waltz
17Challenge That's my last Duchess painted on the wall The first line of Donne’s “Last Duchess” has three kinds!THAT'S my / LAST DUCH / ess PAINT / ed on / the WALLTrochaic spondee iambic pyrric iambic
18“Metrical Feet” by Samuel Coleridge / u / u / u /Trochee trips from long to shortu / u / u / u /From long to long in solemn sort/ / / / / / / / / uSlow spondee stalks; strong foot yet ill ableEver to run with the dactyl trisyllable.Iambics march from short to long.With a leap and a bound the swift anapests throng.
20FREE VERSE POETRYUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.A more modern type of poetry.
21In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound. Henry David Thoreau, a great philosopher, explained it this way, ". . . perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away." It may take you a while to "hear your own drummer," but free verse can be a great way to "get things off your chest" and express what you really feel.Here are some examples:Winter PoemNikki Giovannionce a snowflake fellon my brow and i lovedit so much and i kissedit and it was happy and called its cousinsand brothers and a webof snow engulfed me theni reached to love them alland i squeezed them and they becamea spring rain and i stood perfectlystill and was a flower
22BLANK VERSE POETRY Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT from Julius CaesarCowards die many times before their deaths;The valiant never taste of death but once.Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,It seems to me most strange that men should fear;Seeing that death, a necessary end,Will come when it will come.Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOTuse end rhyme.
23RHYMEWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.LAMPSTAMPShare the short “a” vowel soundShare the combined “mp” consonant soundActivity: Rhyme group game
24“Hector the Collector” by Shel Silverstein END RHYMEA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line“Hector the Collector” by Shel SilversteinHector the Collector collected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
25Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary. INTERNAL RHYMEA word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary.“The Raven”by Edgar Allan Poe
26NEAR RHYME a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTHROSELOSEDifferent vowel sounds (long “o” and “oo” sound)Share the same consonant sound
27RHYME SCHEMEA rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern.Roses are red a Violets are blue b Sugar is sweet c And so are you. bActivity: Rhyme Scheme group game
28SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME The Germ by Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.abc
29Rhyme scheme? Meter?Whose woods these are I think I know His house is in the village though He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. Robert Frost
30“Hector the Collector” by Shel Silverstein Hector the Collector Collected bits of string, Collected dolls with broken heads And rusty bells that would not ring. Pieces out of picture puzzles, Bent-up nails and ice-cream sticks, Twists of wires, worn-out tires, Paper bags and broken bricks. Old chipped vases, half shoelaces, Gatlin' guns that wouldn't shoot, Leaky boats that wouldn't float And stopped-up horns that wouldn't toot. Butter knives that had no handles, Copper keys that fit no locks, Rings that were too small for fingers, Dried-up leaves and patched-up socks.Worn-out belts that had no buckles, 'Lectric trains that had no tracks, Airplane models, broken bottles, Three-legged chairs and cups with cracks. Hector the Collector Loved these things with all his soul‹ Loved them more than shining diamonds, Loved them more than glistenin' gold. Hector called to all the people, "Come and share my treasure trunk!" And all the silly sightless people Came and looked...and called it junk. Check out the rhyme scheme of this poem!
31“Casey At the Bat” p. 299 “The Pasture” p. 196 “A Time to Talk” p 196 See these examples in book for rhyme scheme and repetition.
32SonnetA 14-line poem that begins with eight lines and is followed by six lines.“How Do I Love Thee?” by Elizabeth Barrett BrowningHow Do I love thee? Let me count the ways.I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach,when feeling out of sightFor the ends of being and ideal grace.I love thee to the level of every day'sMost quiet need, by sun and candle-light.I love thee freely, as men strive for right.I love thee purely, as they turn from praise.I love thee with the passion put to useIn my old griefs, and with my childhood's faith.I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints.I love thee with the breath,Smiles, tears, of all my life; and, if God choose,I shall but love thee better after death.
33SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET abab cdcd efef gg A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet.The rhyme scheme isabab cdcd efef ggShall I compare thee to a summer’s day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometimes declines,By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed.But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou grow’stSo long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
34“My Mistress Eyes” Sonnet 130 by Shakespeare My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen roses damasked, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks;And in some perfumes is there more delightThan in the breath that from my mistress reeks. I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound; I grant I never saw a goddess go; My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground. And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare.
35“The Man in the Glass” by Major League Pitcher Herb Score When you get what you want in your struggle for self, And the world makes you long for a day, Just go to the mirror and look at yourself, And see what THAT man has to say. For if it is not your father or mother or wife Whose judgment upon you must pass. The fellow whose verdict counts most in your life Is the one staring back in the glass. Some people might think you are a straight shootin' chum and call you a wonderful guy, But the man in the glass says you're only a bum,If you can't look him straight in the eye. He's the fellow to please, never mind all the rest, For he's with you dear up to the end. And you have passed your most dangerous, difficult test If the guy in the glass is your friend You may fool the whole world down the pathway of years, and get pats on the back as you pass. But your final reward will be heartaches and tears If you have cheated the man in the glass. Check out the rhyme scheme here! What is the theme of the poem?
36Assignment: Take time to do both. Write a poem with a rhyme scheme.Write a Concrete Poem.See examples of past students in folderSee examples on
37Concrete Poetry dancing and playing and hopping UP AND DOWN THE STREET.THE HAPPY BOUNCING BALL CAME
40I am a very special shape I have three points and three lines straight I am a very special shape I have three points and three lines straight. Look through my words and you will see, the shape that I am meant to be. I'm just not words caught in a tangle. Look close to see a small triangle. My angles add to one hundred and eighty degrees, you learn this at school with your abc's. Practice your maths and you will see, some other fine examples of me.