Presentation on theme: "W w w. h a m k. f i Career planning: Self-assessment and opportunity awareness Salla Niittymäki Project Manager / Pajatso Project HAMK University of Applied."— Presentation transcript:
w w w. h a m k. f i Career planning: Self-assessment and opportunity awareness Salla Niittymäki Project Manager / Pajatso Project HAMK University of Applied Sciences Salla.firstname.lastname@example.org 0400 127 815
w w w. h a m k. f i Content Materials and links 1.Career planning 2.Self-assessment 3.Opportunity awareness
w w w. h a m k. f i Materials Advanced Techniques for Work Search (Alberta, CA) Valtti workbooks: –Aikkola, R. (2011). Job hunting skills. Workbook. Vaasa University of Applied Sciences. –Aikkola, R. (2011). Recognise your opportunities. Workbook for students. VaasaUniversity of Applied Sciences. –http://www.valmistu.net/fi/tuloksia/materiaalit_ja_julkaisut/tyokirja t_opiskelijoille/http://www.valmistu.net/fi/tuloksia/materiaalit_ja_julkaisut/tyokirja t_opiskelijoille/ Toolkit for HEIs: http://www.studentintegration.fi/http://www.studentintegration.fi/ Monster.com Career Advice: http://career- advice.monster.com/http://career- advice.monster.com/
w w w. h a m k. f i www.ahlanjobs.com “Every student can have a career in the future, but not every student is aware of the possibility that they can shape their future careers.” Mark L. Savickas
w w w. h a m k. f i What is a career? Series of jobs Progress, vertical movement Profession, movement between certain kind of tasks Individual, sequential choices - life career Self-satisfying progress and professional development Growth in competence, skills, know-how and expertise Development process of professional identity (or even personality) Source: University of Oulu, Career Services
w w w. h a m k. f i Introduction to career planning Career planning is an ongoing process that started already when you chose your field of study and continues throughout your studies and after graduation as you enter the professional world. Many people think that it is not possible to plan your career in advance, but it helps you to achieve your goals and make the most of upcoming opportunities if you are aware of your skills and abilities, and know how to benefit them when these opportunities arise.
w w w. h a m k. f i Career planning is… Continuous, dynamic process Recognizing your personal skills, potential and know-how Estimating and evaluating yourself and your personality Reviewing your values and interests Searching for possibilities Evaluating your choices Considering your realistic options Making decisions and taking action Source: University of Oulu, Career Services
w w w. h a m k. f i JOB HUNTING SKILLS Documents and interview skills DECISION MAKING AND ACTION PLANNING SELF-ASSESSMENT Skills and knowledge, areas of interests, goals, values, personality OPPORTUNITY AWARENESS Career life expectations and requirements, trends, employment and employability Career planning themes
w w w. h a m k. f i Happenstance Learning Theory Happenstance Learning Theory is an explanation on how and why individuals follow their different paths through life and how counselors can facilitate this process. Planned and unplanned situations = learning experiences Every situation can be seen as presenting potential opportunities, if individuals can recognize them and then take action to capitalize on them.
w w w. h a m k. f i HLT continues… When you become aware of unplanned events in your life, you can also become more aware of the opportunities that are out there, but may not be right by “your door”. Every action involves some risk, and it is important to evaluate the potential benefits in relation to the cost and effort. The idea is simply based on taking advantage of opportunities to meet new people and getting involved in something new. There are three steps in controlling unplanned events: 1.Before the unplanned event, you take actions that position you to experience it 2.During the event, you remain alert and sensitive in order to recognize potential opportunities 3.After the event, you initiate actions that enable you to benefit from it
w w w. h a m k. f i Four propositions of HLT in Career Guidance 1.The goal of career counseling is to help students learn to take actions to achieve a more satisfying career and personal lives – not to make a single career decision. 2.Assessments are used to stimulate learning, not to match personal characteristics with occupational characteristics. 3.Students learn to engage in exploratory actions as a way of generating beneficial unplanned events. 4.The success of counseling is assessed by what the student accomplishes in the real world outside the counseling session. by John D. Krumboltz
w w w. h a m k. f i Exercise Discuss in small groups (10 min): 1.Why did you choose your degree program and this University? 2.What is your situation right now? What is your next big career-related decision? 3.What are your personal goals for this course?
w w w. h a m k. f i Self-assessment JOB HUNTING SKILLS Documents and interview skills DECISION MAKING AND ACTION PLANNING SELF-ASSESSMENT Skills and knowledge, areas of interests, goals, values, personality OPPORTUNITY AWARENESS Career life expectations and requirements, trends, employment and employability
w w w. h a m k. f i Self-assessment Self-assessment makes the foundation for planning your career. Self-assessment helps you identify and recognize the abilities, skills and special expertise that you have to offer for the right employers. –All the applicants have a lot of skills and knowledge – those who can the best market themselves, will be noted.
w w w. h a m k. f i Skills and know-how Starting point for job seeking process –Identifying your skills and know-how –Ability to describe them with examples, achievements and things learned Know and believe in your personal competence, but also recognize the areas you need to develop Source: University of Oulu, Career Services
w w w. h a m k. f i Experience and competence What kind of competences and skills do you have? Do you have some special skills that you could emphasis? In what kind of assignments have you succeeded best in your previous jobs? Why? What kind of assignments have been the most challenging / difficult for you? Why? What kind of skills and competences do you need to develop / gain more? What is your best achievement so far? What have you learned from your previous employments? Source: University of Oulu, Career Services
w w w. h a m k. f i Self-assessment Skills can be divided into two categories: 1)work-specific/technical skills (such as knowing how to use specific computer program or repair a broken engine) 2)employability/transferable skills (fundamental, personal and teamwork skills you need to succeed in every work situations) Remember that besides of studying and working you probably have hobbies or other leisure activities that also have developed your skills and remember to mention them if they are relevant considering the job you are applying for.
w w w. h a m k. f i Source: Competence categories
Questions What do you think these numbers mean in connection with work and career: –50 –8 –6 –3 Name three aspects of career fulfilment?
w w w. h a m k. f i Questions - answers What do you think these numbers mean in connection with work and career: –50 years of work –8 hours of work per day –6 career changes –3 new professions in the future that do not exist today Name three aspects of career fulfilment –The salary is not all?
w w w. h a m k. f i Excercise Draw a timeline of your career uptil now –Summer jobs –Part-time jobs –Full-time jobs –Volunteer jobs –Hobbies –Events www.careerealism.com
w w w. h a m k. f i Excercise Draw your network mind map – who are your contacts abroad and in Finland, e.g.: –Family, friends, acquintances –Hobbies, volunteering –Schools, teachers, lecturers, classmates, alumni –Workplaces, colleagues –Projects and project teams –Social networks including social media –Professional networks –Associations, organisations, companies
w w w. h a m k. f i Self-assessment in connection with career planning:
w w w. h a m k. f i Skills - Aptitude Personality - Attitude Values and Interests - Attitude Company requirements Will you fit in the industry/company culture? Will you do the job?Can you do the job?
w w w. h a m k. f i 19 transferable skills that will be the most valuable in the future: http://www.businessinsider.com/valuable- transferrable-skills-of-the-future-2013-8
w w w. h a m k. f i Excercise Identifying skills (Job Hunting Skills Workbook, excercise 2.2., page 6) -> choose 2 skills from the list to do the following table: Conversation: What do you think, what kinds of skills are especially important in Finnish workplaces? Skill / qualityDescriptionSkills E.g. Organising skills E.g. I organised a student event at university E.g. Negotiation, coordination, presentation, coming up with ideas
w w w. h a m k. f i Exercise: TAITO-URA Use TAITO-URA self-assessment tool to explore your personality traits, knowledge and skills. TAITO-URA provides you with a report of the self-assessment results. You can save the report and print it out for later use, such as job seeking. TAITO-URA in English: http://www.uraohjaus.net/DefaultUK.aspx http://www.uraohjaus.net/DefaultUK.aspx
w w w. h a m k. f i Opportunity awareness JOB HUNTING SKILLS Documents and interview skills DECISION MAKING AND ACTION PLANNING SELF-ASSESSMENT Skills and knowledge, areas of interests, goals, values, personality OPPORTUNITY AWARENESS Career life expectations and requirements, trends, employment and employability
w w w. h a m k. f i Opportunity awareness Self-assessment provides a framework for opportunity awareness. Opportunity awareness is about gathering information and looking around, getting to know the opportunities that are out there. After self-assessing you have a better understanding who you are and what can you do, what kind of values are important to you, and what your possible dreams and aims for the future are, you can evaluate these ideas in terms of potential opportunities that professional life has to offer for you in Finland and abroad.
w w w. h a m k. f i Opportunity awareness Often students do not have a lot of work experience or connections to companies, so use your studying time to gather these. Excellent ways to connect with professionals of your own field of expertise: –Thesis –Work placement –Project works –Company visits –Events with guest speakers etc. Make use of all your connections – people you meet in your hobbies and other leisure activities can be useful also when it comes to job seeking. Network with different people (e.g. LinkedIn) and keep your eyes open everywhere you go. Let people know you are looking for a job – somebody might know somebody, who could offer you a job.
w w w. h a m k. f i What are the companies? Where to find them? Industry and trade association websites, for example: –http://teknologiateollisuus.fi/en/member-register/http://teknologiateollisuus.fi/en/member-register/ –http://www.rakennusteollisuus.fi/en/http://www.rakennusteollisuus.fi/en/ Company registers of regional business associations, for example: –http://yritykset.kehittamiskeskus.com/index.asp?lang=enghttp://yritykset.kehittamiskeskus.com/index.asp?lang=eng –http://yritykset.fskk.fi/http://yritykset.fskk.fi/ –http://yritykset.yritysvoimala.fi/http://yritykset.yritysvoimala.fi/ Company web pages, especially career pages, for example: –http://www.vahanen.com/In-English/Work-at-Vahanenhttp://www.vahanen.com/In-English/Work-at-Vahanen General search engines, for example: –http://www.kauppalehti.fi/5/i/yritykset/yrityshaku/http://www.kauppalehti.fi/5/i/yritykset/yrityshaku/ –http://www.finder.fi/yrityshakuhttp://www.finder.fi/yrityshaku LinkedIn Job advertisements and job portals - you might not be able to apply for the position they have open, but from advertisements you can get information about jobs and companies, and also contact information
w w w. h a m k. f i Engineering jobs See descriptions of engineering jobs and examples at monster.com: http://career-advice.monster.com/job- search/company-industry- research/Engineering-Stimulus- Jobs/article.aspx http://career-advice.monster.com/job- search/company-industry- research/Engineering-Stimulus- Jobs/article.aspx
w w w. h a m k. f i Excercise Towards a career (Job hunting skills workbook, excercise 4.) My expectations regarding work (Job hunting skills workbook, excercise 4.1., pages 22-24) Employer’s expectations (Job hunting skills workbook, excercise 4.2., pages 25- 28)
w w w. h a m k. f i Decision making and action planning JOB HUNTING SKILLS Documents and interview skills DECISION MAKING AND ACTION PLANNING SELF-ASSESSMENT Skills and knowledge, areas of interests, goals, values, personality OPPORTUNITY AWARENESS Career life expectations and requirements, trends, employment and employability
w w w. h a m k. f i Decision making and action planning Think carefully what is it that you really want and what are the places to find it Apply only to jobs that you really are interested in and have the competences needed (ground rule of 70 %) – don’t waste your and the employer’s time Contact companies and get to know your own field of business/technology in Finland (or in other target country) –Search company websites and reports, Fonecta Finder etc.
w w w. h a m k. f i Where to find jobs LinkedIn –Company pages and different kind of professional groups –Job groups, for example: eJobs, Uratärpit Facebook –Company pages –Job groups, for example: Työpaikat opiskelijoille - Student Jobs Tampere, Lahti and other cities –Some recruiters use Facebook to target job advertisements to potential candidates Twitter –Search hashtags, for example: #jobs, #career, #hiring, #työpaikat, #rekry 80 % of jobs are hidden - to find these, use people and networks you know: teachers, project work contacts, guest lecturers, friends, family, people form your hobbies etc…
w w w. h a m k. f i Job portals Monster Uratie Oikotie Aarresaari ejobs Jobstep.net Kuntarekry JustRecruitMe TalentMatch Jobsafari Uranus TE-palvelut (ent. MOL) Työpaikat.com MyTech
w w w. h a m k. f i Recruiting companies www.studentwork.fi http://www.academicwork.com/ https://www.barona.fi/for-employees?sc_lang=en http://www.raukola.fi/pages/etusivu.php http://www.adecco.fi/en-GB/default.aspx https://www.staffpoint.fi/ http://vmp.fi/Suomi/fi/Etusivu/ www.eilakaisla.fi www.opteam.fi
w w w. h a m k. f i Job advertisements The majority of job advertisements are published online in different job portals Many companies have careers websites where open vacancies are published, but not all vacancies are publicly open Note that you can also send open applications to companies or call and ask about employment possibilities Read the job advertisement carefully and analyze the requirements for the position available. Get to know the company and its’ products, get to know the position you are applying for
w w w. h a m k. f i Exercise How to be prepared for a phone call? Prepare for a phone call you would make to potential work shadowing place Rehearse in pairs: make imaginary phone calls to each other Think about the benefits for the company – why should they take you for a day to ”shadow” them doing their job?
w w w. h a m k. f i Information Interview Why Information Interviews? 1.To get valuable information for your job hunting and career planning. It is a good reality check! 2.To learn about particular organization, how you might fit in, and what needs the employer has 3.It may lead to an Internship or further employment Who Might I Contact? An information interview is an appointment that you schedule with a particular individual for the purpose of gaining current, regional and specialized information from an ”insider” point of view. A person who has a same academic major, interest, enthusiasm or involvement in some activity or lifestyle, work in a setting you like or in a career area you are interested in.
w w w. h a m k. f i Exercise: Information interview Phase 1: Think of organizations that work with things that you would like to work with in the future. Phase 2: Find a person from who is doing work that you are interested in. If possible, try to find a person who has graduated from the Uni. Helsinki and studied the same field you are studying. (or something similar). Phase 3: Arrange an information interview (some 30-60 minutes), preferably at the workplace of the person who is interviewed. Ask questions that are relevant to you. Phase 4: Write a report of the interview. Have the person you interviewed read it. Ask permission to publish the report in the Moodle course page. The interwee can be anonymous in the report, if they want to. (Research Scientist X, University Y)