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Accounting Literacy, assessment and programme planning

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1 Accounting Literacy, assessment and programme planning
Presented by Elizabeth Pitu

2 Introduction and Burning issues
Please introduce yourself Please let us know any burning issues for today

3 Programme planning Considerations Student interest Student needs
School goals Department goals Principles Values Key competencies

4 Level 1

5 Level 2

6 Level 3

7 Accounting matrix Conceptual Processing Reporting Interpretation
Decision-making Systems AS Concepts 3 credits X AS Processing cash. 5 credits I AS Financial statements 5 credits X AS 4 credits X AS Individual/group decision.  3 credits I AS Cash management  4 credits I AS Community organisations 4 credits I AS Concepts. AS Processing software. AS 5 credits X AS AS Topical issue decision making AS Accounts receivable. 3 credits I AS Inventory. AS Reporting entity concepts AS Partnerships AS Company financial statements. AS Annual report AS Management accounting AS Job costing 4 credits I

8 What’s all this about literacy?
The majority of accounting achievement standards contribute to the NCEA literacy requirement. That’s all Level 1 except processing and reporting. At Level 2 and 3 the processing and reporting standards get the nod for numeracy. Remaining Level 2 and 3 achievement standards contribute to the NCEA literacy requirement.

9 Then there’s university entrance
From 2014 AS is the winner here Success in the annual report standard provides students with 5 credits in writing so they don’t need another standard Alternatively it can contribute to 5 credits in reading if students have writing and not reading credits AS also contributes to reading, but this is external and 4 credits

10 Literacy and language demands
Language is fundamental to thinking and learning. Reading, writing, speaking, listening, viewing/visual skills and the skills required to communicate information in a range of subject-specific forms, can be thought of as an interactive tool set or kete students need to acquire. These are two important principles to think about. Many of the standards have less content delivery and are focused on critical thinking

11 Literacy is a shared responsibility
All teaching and learning activities use language. To understand language students need to be literate. This requires all teachers to be teachers of language and literacy. In summary – there I hope you see that there is a lot to explicitly teach and we must not assume that all students bring these skills to our subjects.

12 Sharing the love One challenge for us is that we often think literacy and language is implicit. To succeed students require explicit teaching of both content and literacy; language and language knowledge and skills in each learning area. Content, language and literacy are intertwined. What deliberate acts can you undertake?

13 Where should literacy start?
Like a,b,c and do rei me at the very beginning Actively engage students in literacy tasks Consider how many income statements and balance sheets your students do in a level 1, or even level 2 or 3 year? How many treasurer’s reports did they write before the assessment? How many paragraphs did they write before they sat concepts or interpretation externals?

14 Encouraging your students to write
Require each student to have a 1B5 exercise book or other note book that stays in your classroom Let’s apply an A, M and E criteria to this: What are they going to write? Why in the classroom? How is it going to help? Going forward. Why in the classroom? Why not at home? What are they going to put in this book? How is it going to help

15 Have your students own the learning
Give them a question to respond to Let them chose the business they will write their concepts about 1 to 2 to 4 to … Conversations can be equally important Use a 1-10 quick quiz regularly Repeat, repeat, repeat – be like a stuck record!

16 Model Excellence – Accounting
In Accounting (Level 2 and 3): Achievement – describe and apply Merit – apply and explain Excellence – explain and justify Try WHs – what, who, where, how, why, why and why again The final why is going forward/consequences – so what?

17 Providing a structure for evidence
While Excellence students might be able to provide Excellence evidence without assistance, other students may need graphic organisers, writing frames or other structures around which to provide evidence Students need to know what they have to do, why they have to do that, and how they will know they have been successful Don’t be afraid to differentiate

18 What evidence? Check the conditions of assessment – go past individual writing – can students present evidence orally? in groups?

19 Accounting examples Level 1 detailed explain for analysis and interpretation Treasurer’s report brain storm Level 2 Accounts Receivable (Chiefs) Rugby Ball analogy Level 3 internals

20 Brain storm – class or group
Treasurer’s report Divide the board/large piece of newsprint in half Students contribute financial and non-financial information Draw arrows to show the links Keep asking why? Why for the future of the club? Students can then write up their own report

21 Reflection How might I apply this in my teaching?
How might I contextualise this for my students? Why this picture

22 Thank you Please complete your evaluation before you leave this afternoon. I trust you have learned something.

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