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2 Isaac Watts 3 1700 England Calvin’s ideals were accepted practice Church of England (Anglican) response Hymns despised – only Psalms accepted Hymns.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Isaac Watts 3 1700 England Calvin’s ideals were accepted practice Church of England (Anglican) response Hymns despised – only Psalms accepted Hymns."— Presentation transcript:

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4 3 1700 England Calvin’s ideals were accepted practice Church of England (Anglican) response Hymns despised – only Psalms accepted Hymns had bad associations Linked with clamorous dissent, upstart separatists Linked with religious enthusiasm, heresy For 200 years could not sing about Jesus! Church of England (Anglican) response Hymns despised – only Psalms accepted Hymns had bad associations Linked with clamorous dissent, upstart separatists Linked with religious enthusiasm, heresy For 200 years could not sing about Jesus! Reformation 1500sWatts 1700s Calvin’s ideas win England Calvinistic ideals - restrict music in church No hymns – sang Psalms No cantatas No instruments Calvin’s ideas win England Calvinistic ideals - restrict music in church No hymns – sang Psalms No cantatas No instruments won

5 4 Calvin’s ideas win England Calvinistic ideals - restrict music in church No hymns – sang from book of Psalms No cantatas No instruments Luther nurtures great music in Germany Hymns Cantatas Instruments Rhythm One bold 20 year old poet challenges status-quo Captivated England’s imagination His art is still powerful today One bold 20 year old poet challenges status-quo Captivated England’s imagination His art is still powerful today Poets writing original lyrics Only Old Testament lyrics England embroiled in controversy What did he fight against?

6 5 1700 England Negative Attitudes of fringe churches Arminian Baptists / Quakers hostile to music Rejected singing in public worship Excluded all song Independent churches had no time for music Sermons were long, prayer was protracted Others wanted some singing but… Questioned using hymn books Can’t be spiritual and read at same time Arminian Baptists / Quakers hostile to music Rejected singing in public worship Excluded all song Independent churches had no time for music Sermons were long, prayer was protracted Others wanted some singing but… Questioned using hymn books Can’t be spiritual and read at same time Watts (poet & pastor) fought this restrictive mood

7 6 Calvinists respond to question… Why do you only sing settings of Psalms? As churches coming out of the Protestant Reformation, we believe that our mode of worship is to be determined by the principles of Scripture. God tells us in His Word, “Is any merry (cheerful)? let him sing psalms.” (James 5:13) Further, Colossians 3:16 tells us to teach and admonish one another in “psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs.” Why do you only sing settings of Psalms? As churches coming out of the Protestant Reformation, we believe that our mode of worship is to be determined by the principles of Scripture. God tells us in His Word, “Is any merry (cheerful)? let him sing psalms.” (James 5:13) Further, Colossians 3:16 tells us to teach and admonish one another in “psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs.”

8 7 While we enjoy listening to non-inspired hymns on occasion in our homes and at choir programs, we believe that in public worship we should use the songbook which God has given us in His inspired Word and which God has commanded us to sing. While we enjoy listening to non-inspired hymns on occasion in our homes and at choir programs, we believe that in public worship we should use the songbook which God has given us in His inspired Word and which God has commanded us to sing.

9 8 1700 England Unrest & stirrings of change Some hymn singing began around 1675 Only in a few independent churches Not in establishment churches and Anglican church A few hymns were published by 1690 20 year old Isaac Watts criticized them “poor poetry, bad rhythm, lacking dignity & beauty…” His father said to him - write something better He did! Successfully challenged his world...became: Some hymn singing began around 1675 Only in a few independent churches Not in establishment churches and Anglican church A few hymns were published by 1690 20 year old Isaac Watts criticized them “poor poetry, bad rhythm, lacking dignity & beauty…” His father said to him - write something better He did! Successfully challenged his world...became: WROTE MANY CLASSIC HYMNS WE USE TODAY

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11 10 Precocious: avid reader, versifier Born into a radical family His father: Congregational Church pastor Taught Isaac Latin at 4, Greek at 8, Hebrew at 11 New denomination – seeking legitimacy So they named their church Precocious: avid reader, versifier Born into a radical family His father: Congregational Church pastor Taught Isaac Latin at 4, Greek at 8, Hebrew at 11 New denomination – seeking legitimacy So they named their church Father of English Hymnody Isaac Watts His father was imprisoned for his beliefs Englishmen could be imprisoned or fined for: Not attending the Anglican church Preaching when not an authorized Anglican minister Administering the Lord’s Table

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14 13 His father was imprisoned for his beliefs Englishmen could be imprisoned or fined for: Not attending the Anglican church Preaching, when being a non-conformist minister Administering the Lord’s Table Contemporary of Bach, Handel Born into a radical family His father belonged to Congregational Church New denomination – seeking legitimacy So they named their church Contemporary of Bach, Handel Born into a radical family His father belonged to Congregational Church New denomination – seeking legitimacy So they named their church Father of English Hymnody Isaac Watts Calvinistic in theology He also had a radical, clear, vision

15 14 Metrical Psalms Metrical Psalms Christianized Psalms Christianized Psalms Original Hymns Original Hymns Isaac Watts Watts’ “system of hymnology” Two-prong approach 1st – To Christianize the Metrical Psalms Took what was already in use Watts “converted David into a Christian” He wanted to “lift the veil of Moses” These songs became the middle ground Two-prong approach 1st – To Christianize the Metrical Psalms Took what was already in use Watts “converted David into a Christian” He wanted to “lift the veil of Moses” These songs became the middle ground 2nd – Create original lyrics for new hymns

16 15 Isaac Watts Christianize the Metrical Psalms Key: substitute NT terms and concepts restate in contemporary 18thC language Key: substitute NT terms and concepts restate in contemporary 18thC language “Let David speak as if he lived in our time and were a Christian” “Let David speak as if he lived in our time and were a Christian”

17 16 When the Psalmist describes religion by the fear of God, I have often joined Faith and Love to it. When the Psalmist describes religion by the fear of God, I have often joined Faith and Love to it. Isaac Watts A free paraphrase - innovative approach It is necessary to make David always speak the common sense of a Christian. It is necessary to make David always speak the common sense of a Christian. Where he talks of sacrificing goats and bullocks, I mention the sacrifice of Christ, the lamb of God. Where he talks of sacrificing goats and bullocks, I mention the sacrifice of Christ, the lamb of God. When he attends the Ark with shouting in Zion, I sing the Ascension of my savior into heaven, or His presence in His Church on earth. When he attends the Ark with shouting in Zion, I sing the Ascension of my savior into heaven, or His presence in His Church on earth.

18 17 Watts publishes a book (1719)

19 18 Psalm paraphrase with NT teaching Psalm 72 Endow the king with your justice, O God… He will endure as long as the sun, as long as the moon… He will rule from sea to sea … Psalm 72 Endow the king with your justice, O God… He will endure as long as the sun, as long as the moon… He will rule from sea to sea …

20 19 Psalm paraphrase with NT teaching Psalm 72 Endow the king with your justice, O God… He will endure as long as the sun, as long as the moon… He will rule from sea to sea … Jesus shall Reign #341 Jesus shall reign where’er the sun Doth his successive journeys run; His kingdom stretch from shore to shore, Till moons shall wax and wane no more. Psalm 72 Endow the king with your justice, O God… He will endure as long as the sun, as long as the moon… He will rule from sea to sea … Jesus shall Reign #341 Jesus shall reign where’er the sun Doth his successive journeys run; His kingdom stretch from shore to shore, Till moons shall wax and wane no more.

21 20 Becomes Most Famous Missions Hymn Jesus shall Reign Peoples and realms of every tongue Dwell on his love with sweetest song And infant voices shall proclaim Their earthly blessings on his name Jesus shall Reign Peoples and realms of every tongue Dwell on his love with sweetest song And infant voices shall proclaim Their earthly blessings on his name

22 21 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout all generations… from everlasting to everlasting you are God Psalm 90 (Moses) Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout all generations… from everlasting to everlasting you are God

23 22 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout all generations… from everlasting to everlasting you are God O God our help in Ages Past #84 O God our help in ages past, Our hope for years to come; Be Thou our guide while life shall last, And our eternal home. Psalm 90 (Moses) Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout all generations… from everlasting to everlasting you are God O God our help in Ages Past #84 O God our help in ages past, Our hope for years to come; Be Thou our guide while life shall last, And our eternal home.

24 23 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world from everlasting to everlasting you are God Psalm 90 (Moses) Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world from everlasting to everlasting you are God

25 24 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world from everlasting to everlasting you are God O God our help in Ages Past #84 Before the hills in order stood, Or earth received her frame; From everlasting Thou art God, To endless years the same. Psalm 90 (Moses) Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world from everlasting to everlasting you are God O God our help in Ages Past #84 Before the hills in order stood, Or earth received her frame; From everlasting Thou art God, To endless years the same.

26 25 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night Psalm 90 (Moses) For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night

27 26 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night O God our help in Ages Past #84 A thousand ages in Thy sight, Are like an evening gone; Short as the watch that ends the night, Before the rising sun. Psalm 90 (Moses) For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night O God our help in Ages Past #84 A thousand ages in Thy sight, Are like an evening gone; Short as the watch that ends the night, Before the rising sun.

28 27 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) The length of our days is seventy years… yet their span is but trouble and sorrow, for they quickly pass, and we fly away. Psalm 90 (Moses) The length of our days is seventy years… yet their span is but trouble and sorrow, for they quickly pass, and we fly away.

29 28 Watt’s grandest psalm paraphrase Psalm 90 (Moses) The length of our days is seventy years… yet their span is but trouble and sorrow, for they quickly pass, and we fly away. O God our help in Ages Past #84 Time like an ever-rolling stream Bears all our sons away; They fly, forgotten, as a dream Dies at the opening day Psalm 90 (Moses) The length of our days is seventy years… yet their span is but trouble and sorrow, for they quickly pass, and we fly away. O God our help in Ages Past #84 Time like an ever-rolling stream Bears all our sons away; They fly, forgotten, as a dream Dies at the opening day

30 29 O God Our Help in Ages Past England’s favorite hymn – today O God our help in ages past Our hope for years to come Be thou our guide While life shall last And our eternal home O God our help in ages past Our hope for years to come Be thou our guide While life shall last And our eternal home

31 30 O God Our Help in Ages Past Refrain By Tommy Walker O God our help in ages past Our hope for years to come Be thou our guide While life shall last And our eternal home Refrain O God, you are our helper (etc.) O God our help in ages past Our hope for years to come Be thou our guide While life shall last And our eternal home Refrain O God, you are our helper (etc.)

32 31 Believed music texts could be freely composed Father of English Hymnody Isaac Watts’ vision Confined to Old Testament Confined to Old Testament Only recall information Only recall information Only use God’s words to us Only use God’s words to us Include New Testament! Include New Testament! Also express our words to God Also express our words to God Also express our thoughts & feelings Also express our thoughts & feelings

33 32 Which side of the ledger are we on today? Father of English Hymnody Isaac Watts’ vision Confined to Old Testament Confined to Old Testament Only recall information Only recall information Only use God’s words to us Only use God’s words to us Include New Testament! Include New Testament! Also express our words to God Also express our words to God Also express our thoughts & feelings Also express our thoughts & feelings

34 33 Isaac Watts Put his vision into words Let’s consider Watts’ hymn (use 2 tunes) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Called “the greatest hymn in the English language” By Matthew Arnold, the famous poet Let’s consider Watts’ hymn (use 2 tunes) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Called “the greatest hymn in the English language” By Matthew Arnold, the famous poet Include New Testament! Include New Testament! Also express our words to God Also express our words to God Also express our thoughts & feelings Also express our thoughts & feelings This hymn embodies Watts’ key principles:

35 34 Isaac Watts #261 Put his vision into words When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I survey the wondrous cross On which the Prince of glory died My richest gain I count but loss And pour contempt on all my pride When I survey the wondrous cross On which the Prince of glory died My richest gain I count but loss And pour contempt on all my pride Include New Testament!

36 35 Isaac Watts #261 Put his vision into words When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I survey the wondrous cross On which the Prince of glory died My richest gain I count but loss And pour contempt on all my pride When I survey the wondrous cross On which the Prince of glory died My richest gain I count but loss And pour contempt on all my pride

37 36 Isaac Watts Explain the significance (Answers?) “survey” Deliberate, considered contemplation “wondrous” cross Irony: cross of torture becomes saving instrument “Prince of Glory” Christ: “ Prince” in heaven before incarnation “pour contempt” Self achievements contemptible compared to Christ “survey” Deliberate, considered contemplation “wondrous” cross Irony: cross of torture becomes saving instrument “Prince of Glory” Christ: “ Prince” in heaven before incarnation “pour contempt” Self achievements contemptible compared to Christ

38 37 Isaac Watts Purpose, Inspiration? Written for Communion Service Inspired by Galatians 6:14 May I never boast of anything except the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. Written for Communion Service Inspired by Galatians 6:14 May I never boast of anything except the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.

39 38 Isaac Watts Put his vision into words When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Forbid it Lord that I should boast Save in the death of Christ my God All the vain things That charm me most I sacrifice them to his blood Forbid it Lord that I should boast Save in the death of Christ my God All the vain things That charm me most I sacrifice them to his blood

40 39 Isaac Watts Put his vision into words When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) See from His head, His hands,His feet, Sorrow and love flow mingled down; See from His head, His hands,His feet, Sorrow and love flow mingled down; Also express our thoughts & feelings Did e’er such love and sorrow meet, Or thorns compose so rich a crown. Did e’er such love and sorrow meet, Or thorns compose so rich a crown.

41 40 Isaac Watts What makes this stanza poetic? Look at the poetic images, metaphors (One of most beautiful stanzas in all hymnody) Look at the poetic images, metaphors (One of most beautiful stanzas in all hymnody)

42 41 Isaac Watts Put his vision into words When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) See from His head, His hands, His feet, Sorrow and love flow mingled down; See from His head, His hands, His feet, Sorrow and love flow mingled down; Also express our thoughts & feelings Did e’er such love and sorrow meet, Or thorns compose so rich a crown. Did e’er such love and sorrow meet, Or thorns compose so rich a crown.

43 42 Isaac Watts What makes stanza poetic? Poetic imagery, metaphor! Love & sorrow don’t physically flow Love & sorrow don’t physically flow Love & sorrow don’t physically meet Love & sorrow don’t physically meet Poetic imagery, metaphor! Love & sorrow don’t physically flow Love & sorrow don’t physically flow Love & sorrow don’t physically meet Love & sorrow don’t physically meet

44 43 Isaac Watts Put his vision into words When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Text by Isaac Watts (1707) Were the whole realm of nature mine, That were a present far too small, Love so amazing, so divine, Demands my soul, my life, my all. Were the whole realm of nature mine, That were a present far too small, Love so amazing, so divine, Demands my soul, my life, my all. Climactic Stanza

45 44 Isaac Watts His Hymns are different than ours Hymn writers typically wrote only the verses Only the words- no tune and no chorus (refrain) Only the words- no tune and no chorus (refrain) Any tune that fit/worked was borrowed Any tune that fit/worked was borrowed When I survey the Wondrous Cross Verses only (no chorus!) Verses only (no chorus!) Modern chorus created: “O the Wonderful Cross” Modern chorus created: “O the Wonderful Cross” Opportunity for us? Create a chorus! Opportunity for us? Create a chorus! Opportunity for us? Create/borrow a new melody! Opportunity for us? Create/borrow a new melody! Eg. 20 thC tune: “The Water is Wide” (B Streisand) Eg. 20 thC tune: “The Water is Wide” (B Streisand) Gospel Songs (19 th C): words & tune wedded Hymn writers typically wrote only the verses Only the words- no tune and no chorus (refrain) Only the words- no tune and no chorus (refrain) Any tune that fit/worked was borrowed Any tune that fit/worked was borrowed When I survey the Wondrous Cross Verses only (no chorus!) Verses only (no chorus!) Modern chorus created: “O the Wonderful Cross” Modern chorus created: “O the Wonderful Cross” Opportunity for us? Create a chorus! Opportunity for us? Create a chorus! Opportunity for us? Create/borrow a new melody! Opportunity for us? Create/borrow a new melody! Eg. 20 thC tune: “The Water is Wide” (B Streisand) Eg. 20 thC tune: “The Water is Wide” (B Streisand) Gospel Songs (19 th C): words & tune wedded

46 45 Isaac Watts Questioned the balance Shouldn’t hymn composition be as valued as sermon preparation or preaching? Shouldn’t hymn composition be as valued as sermon preparation or preaching?

47 46 Renowned theologian (29 treatises) Wrote books on Grammar, Ethics, Psychology His book on Logic (1724) Discusses reasoning, argumentation, syllogism Discusses reasoning, argumentation, syllogism Standard text at Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Yale Standard text at Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Yale for 100 years for 100 years He writes logical, syllogistic hymns Renowned theologian (29 treatises) Wrote books on Grammar, Ethics, Psychology His book on Logic (1724) Discusses reasoning, argumentation, syllogism Discusses reasoning, argumentation, syllogism Standard text at Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Yale Standard text at Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Yale for 100 years for 100 years He writes logical, syllogistic hymns Father of English Hymnody Isaac Watts

48 47 Typical Plan for Hymns Doctrine prioritized Logical thought maintained Truth expressed 1. Starts with Statement of Fact An Assertion of Faith or a Command An Assertion of Faith or a Command 2. Ends with Call to Praise or to Conversion Doctrine prioritized Logical thought maintained Truth expressed 1. Starts with Statement of Fact An Assertion of Faith or a Command An Assertion of Faith or a Command 2. Ends with Call to Praise or to Conversion

49 48 Watts wrote in his text on logic (1724) Reason is the glory of human nature…the connection of truths should arise and appear in their successive ranks and order Writes, At the Cross, a syllogistic hymn Each stanza logically builds on the others: 1. My sin requires a sacrifice 2. Christ’s sacrifice was made out of love 3. I respond in thankfulness 4. I respond in service Watts wrote in his text on logic (1724) Reason is the glory of human nature…the connection of truths should arise and appear in their successive ranks and order Writes, At the Cross, a syllogistic hymn Each stanza logically builds on the others: 1. My sin requires a sacrifice 2. Christ’s sacrifice was made out of love 3. I respond in thankfulness 4. I respond in service

50 49 Watt’s systematic theological thought At the Cross #258 Alas! And did my Savior bleed And did my Sovereign die Would he devote that sacred head For such a worm as I [For such a one as I] [For sinners such as I] My deplorable, sinful state Alas! And did my Savior bleed And did my Sovereign die Would he devote that sacred head For such a worm as I [For such a one as I] [For sinners such as I] My deplorable, sinful state

51 50 Watt’s systematic theological thought At the Cross #258 Was it for crimes that I have done He groaned upon the tree? Amazing pity! Grace unknown! And love beyond degree Christ, in love for me, sacrifices himself Was it for crimes that I have done He groaned upon the tree? Amazing pity! Grace unknown! And love beyond degree Christ, in love for me, sacrifices himself

52 51 Watt’s systematic theological thought At the Cross #258 Thus might I hide my blushing face While his dear cross appears Dissolve my heart in thankfulness And melt my eyes in tears Response: thankfulness Thus might I hide my blushing face While his dear cross appears Dissolve my heart in thankfulness And melt my eyes in tears Response: thankfulness

53 52 Watt’s systematic theological thought At the Cross #258 But drops of grief can ne’er repay The debt of love I owe Here, Lord, I give myself away Tis all that I can do Response: desire to serve But drops of grief can ne’er repay The debt of love I owe Here, Lord, I give myself away Tis all that I can do Response: desire to serve

54 53 “Almost out of existence” Isaac Watts During his life time Composed 600 hymns – rhymed theology First published edition rejected Composed 600 hymns – rhymed theology First published edition rejected Did his best writing in his 20’s

55 54 Isaac Watts Influence in Britain and USA Most effective in Nonconformist churches Gradually overcame their hymn prejudice But it took a long time Much less effective in Anglican churches It took a long, long time for recognition In USA - Popular Despite some of his paraphrase choices He wrote England and Scotland for Israel and Judah He wrote Great Britain for Canaan So the colonies made their own changes Even in Catholic hymnals today! His hymns remain favorites Most effective in Nonconformist churches Gradually overcame their hymn prejudice But it took a long time Much less effective in Anglican churches It took a long, long time for recognition In USA - Popular Despite some of his paraphrase choices He wrote England and Scotland for Israel and Judah He wrote Great Britain for Canaan So the colonies made their own changes Even in Catholic hymnals today! His hymns remain favorites

56 55 Influential in the USA Jonathan Edwards, Whitfield revivals Camp meetings Second awakening (early 19 th C) Children’s songs (“Honey in the Rock”) First hymns written from child’s perspective First hymns written from child’s perspective Adopted as primer for public schools Adopted as primer for public schools Black churches - enthusiastic reception His hymns embedded in black culture Highly ornamented using slower tempos “I love the Lord, he heard my voice” “I love the Lord, he heard my voice” Hummed during pastoral prayers Jonathan Edwards, Whitfield revivals Camp meetings Second awakening (early 19 th C) Children’s songs (“Honey in the Rock”) First hymns written from child’s perspective First hymns written from child’s perspective Adopted as primer for public schools Adopted as primer for public schools Black churches - enthusiastic reception His hymns embedded in black culture Highly ornamented using slower tempos “I love the Lord, he heard my voice” “I love the Lord, he heard my voice” Hummed during pastoral prayers

57 56 Isaac Watts 100 years after his death – Dominant! Sold 60,000 hymnbooks yearly Pastors gradually won over Insist on a Watts hymn before sermon Write hymns themselves in Watt’s style Hundreds of pastors imitate him Sold 60,000 hymnbooks yearly Pastors gradually won over Insist on a Watts hymn before sermon Write hymns themselves in Watt’s style Hundreds of pastors imitate him

58 57 Watts and Theology Watts took biblical doctrine as Unassailable truth Watts took biblical doctrine as Unassailable truth

59 58 Some Texts Strongly Calvinistic

60 59 The Doctrine of Original Sin Adam, our father and our head, Transgressed and doomed us dead, The fiery law speaks all despair, There’s no reprieve, no pardon there. Lord I am vile, conceived in sin, And born unholy and unclean; Sprung from the man whose guilty fall Corrupts his race and taints us all. Adam, our father and our head, Transgressed and doomed us dead, The fiery law speaks all despair, There’s no reprieve, no pardon there. Lord I am vile, conceived in sin, And born unholy and unclean; Sprung from the man whose guilty fall Corrupts his race and taints us all.

61 60 Isaac Watts: Hymn on God as Creator I Sing the Mighty Power of God #31 I sing the mighty power of God That made the mountains rise That spread the flowing seas abroad And built the lofty skies I sing the wisdom that ordained The sun to rule the day The moon shines full at his command And all the stars obey I sing the mighty power of God That made the mountains rise That spread the flowing seas abroad And built the lofty skies I sing the wisdom that ordained The sun to rule the day The moon shines full at his command And all the stars obey

62 61 Joy to the world the Lord is come Let earth receive her King; Let every heart prepare Him room And heav’n nature sing Joy to the world the Lord is come Let earth receive her King; Let every heart prepare Him room And heav’n nature sing Watts on the Incarnation: a Carol

63 62 Isaac Watts: Father of English Hymnody Over 600 Hymns Joy to the World When I Survey the Wondrous Cross O God our Help in Ages Past Jesus shall Reign At the Cross I Sing the Mighty Power of God Am I a Soldier of the Cross Joy to the World When I Survey the Wondrous Cross O God our Help in Ages Past Jesus shall Reign At the Cross I Sing the Mighty Power of God Am I a Soldier of the Cross

64 63 Isaac Watts: Father of English Hymnody Over 600 Hymns His hymns are SimpleSensuousPassionate! SimpleSensuousPassionate!

65 64 Isaac Watts: Zealous Am I a Soldier of the Cross #510 Am I a soldier of the cross, A follower of the lamb? And shall I fear to own his cause, Or blush to speak his name? Am I a soldier of the cross, A follower of the lamb? And shall I fear to own his cause, Or blush to speak his name?

66 65 Isaac Watts: Marine imagery Am I a Soldier of the Cross #510 Must I be carried to the skies On flow’ry beds of ease, While others fought to win the prize, And sailed thro’ bloody seas? Must I be carried to the skies On flow’ry beds of ease, While others fought to win the prize, And sailed thro’ bloody seas?

67 66 Isaac Watts: Persevered despite resistance, frail health Am I a Soldier of the Cross #510 Are there no foes for me to face? Must I not stem the flood? I’ll bear the toil, endure the pain, Supported by Thy Word Are there no foes for me to face? Must I not stem the flood? I’ll bear the toil, endure the pain, Supported by Thy Word

68 67 Isaac Watts AGreatGuy! AGreatGuy!

69 68 Worship in the English language 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 1970 Metrical Psalms – imitating Geneva Psalter Hymns – Watts − > Wesley Worship Choruses 1850 Gospel Songs Fanny Crosby

70 69 Calvary Chapel Hymn Meditation Assignment Seat yourself in Calvary Chapel Peruse the Blue hymnbook table of contents, songs Browse the back indexes (Scripture, Tune, Metrical, etc) for 10 minutes Go to Author Index Choose a hymn text by Watts Meditate on three of his texts Assignment must take at least 30 minutes Write up/turn in a one page report What was your experience? Sign that you spent 30 minutes doing assignment Seat yourself in Calvary Chapel Peruse the Blue hymnbook table of contents, songs Browse the back indexes (Scripture, Tune, Metrical, etc) for 10 minutes Go to Author Index Choose a hymn text by Watts Meditate on three of his texts Assignment must take at least 30 minutes Write up/turn in a one page report What was your experience? Sign that you spent 30 minutes doing assignment

71 70 Sunday Morning Extra credit worship assignment Meditate Seat yourself early Look at hymn index for Watts hymns Meditate on the lyrics Meditate on a hymn by Watts, Wesley, or Crosby Do this for 3 Sundays Write up/turn in a one page report Worth 3% extra credit Meditate Seat yourself early Look at hymn index for Watts hymns Meditate on the lyrics Meditate on a hymn by Watts, Wesley, or Crosby Do this for 3 Sundays Write up/turn in a one page report Worth 3% extra credit

72 71 Isaac Watts Proposals for writing hymn texts Address the fullness of revelation Include the New Testament Permit original lyrics Reach out to the average person - his intent: “ To write down to the level of vulgar capacities, to furnish hymns for the meanest of Christi ans” Address the fullness of revelation Include the New Testament Permit original lyrics Reach out to the average person - his intent: “ To write down to the level of vulgar capacities, to furnish hymns for the meanest of Christi ans”

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