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Copy in Agenda and TOC Turn in your homework equation sheet. Turn in your homework equation sheet. Complete the warm-up quiz and turn in Complete the warm-up quiz and turn in #8 1/30/13 Writing Inequalities (HOMEWORK) #8 1/30/13 Writing Inequalities (HOMEWORK)
Writing & Graphing Inequalities Learning Target: Today I am learning how to write and graph inequalities on the number line because I want to be able to represent situations that have more than one correct answer.
Where might I see inequalities in real life?
If it’s any smaller, you’ve got to throw him back! If it’s any smaller, you’ve got to throw him back!
Opening 1. You are going to Six Flags as soon as school is out (yaay!). You have to be at least 4 ft. tall to ride some of your favorite rides, but it isn’t only 4-foot tall people who can ride the rides! How tall can you be and ride the rides? 2. See if you can figure out how to represent this with an inequality sign and a variable. (Hint: if it were an equation it would look like this: x = 4 ft. Use one of the inequality symbols posted on the board to make it an inequality.) 3. What are the possible solutions for x (the variable)? 4 ft. tall and taller x > 4 ft. 4’, 4’1”, 4’2”... 6’, 6’1”, etc.! And everything in between!
What are some other situations that have more than one answer or qualifying response? What are some other situations that have more than one answer or qualifying response? Examples: Scores that qualify for an A: > 90 Money you need to get into Six Flags: > $39 Age required to get the kids’ meal: < 10 years old) Number of days to complete your project < 5 days
Writing and Graphing Inequalities Dr. Burger helps us write inequalities Dr. Burger helps us write inequalities
An inequality states that two quantities either are not equal or may not be equal. An inequality uses one of the following symbols: SymbolMeaningWord Phrases < > ≤ ≥ is less than is greater than is greater than or equal to is less than or equal to Fewer than, below More than, above At most, no more than At least, no less than Course Inequalities
And: ≠ SymbolMeaningWord Phrases is not equal toIs not equal to
An inequality that contains a variable is an algebraic inequality. A value of the variable that makes the inequality true is a solution of the inequality.. An inequality may have more than one solution. Together, all of the solutions are called the solution set.
Write an inequality for each situation. A. There are at least 15 people in the waiting room. number of people ≥ 15 or x ≥ 15 B. The tram attendant will allow no more than 60 people on the tram. number of people ≤ 60 or x ≤ 60 “At least” means greater than or equal to. “No more than” means less than or equal to.
Write an inequality for each situation. Check It Out: Example 1 C. There are at most 10 gallons of gas in the tank. gallons of gas ≤ 10 or x ≤ 10 D. There are at least 10 yards of fabric left. yards of fabric ≥ 10 or x ≥ 10 “At most” means less than or equal to. “At least” means greater than or equal to. Course Inequalities
Write an inequality for this situation. The weight limit on an elevator is 3,500 pounds. Passengers and cargo weighing a total of 2,450 pounds are already on the elevator. Write an inequality that could be used to determine x, the possible additional weight the elevator can carry. 2,450 + x < 3,500 or x + 2,450 < 3,500
Write about what you’ve learned: Complete Reading Strategies Complete Reading Strategies 1. Use complete sentences. 2. Turn it over on your desk when done. It will be collected. 3. Make sure your name, date, class period are on it!
Graphing Inequalities Words aren’t enough. I want to show an inequality on a number line. Can I do that?? Dr. Burger says yes! We can graph inequalities Dr. Burger says yes! We can graph inequalities
You can graph the solutions of an inequality on a number line. If the variable is “greater than” or “less than” a number, then that number is indicated with an open circle. Course Inequalities To indicate that solutions include numbers with values less than the point graphed, shade to the left of the point. To show that solutions include numbers greater than the point graphed, shade to the right of the point.
This open circle shows that 5 is not a solution. a > 5 If the variable is “greater than or equal to” or “less than or equal to” a number, that number is indicated with a closed circle. This closed circle shows that 3 is a solution. b ≤ 3 Course Inequalities
Symbols Review Open Circle The number is not included in the solution. The number is not included in the solution. Closed Circle The number is included in the solution. The number is included in the solution.
On your own paper, graph each inequality. Additional Example 2: Graphing Simple Inequalities –2 – A. n < 3 3 is not a solution, so draw an open circle at 3. Shade the line to the left of 3. B. a ≥ –4 –6 –4 – –4 is a solution, so draw a closed circle at –4. Shade the line to the right of –4. Course Inequalities
On your own paper, graph each inequality. Check It Out: Example 2 –3 –2 – A. p ≤ 2 2 is a solution, so draw a closed circle at 2. Shade the line to the left of 2. B. e > –2 –3 –2 – –2 is not a solution, so draw an open circle at –2. Shade the line to the right of –2. Course Inequalities
Lesson Quiz: Part II Graph the inequalities on your own paper. 1. x > –1 Insert Lesson Title Here 0 º – – – 2. x < –1 0 º – – – Course Inequalities
Lesson Quiz: Part II Graph the inequalities, continued. 3. x > –1 Insert Lesson Title Here 0 º – – – 4. x < –1 0 º – – – Course Inequalities
Now let’s make our own review flip books!
Let’s begin by taking the 3 pieces of paper you were given and stacking them with about a 1-2 inch overlap
Now hold the papers together and fold the top down so you have six 1-2 inch flaps, and put two staples at the very top to hold your flip book together.
Write “Inequalities” on the top flap
Copy the following graphs onto each new flap on your flip book as they are shown to you. Make sure that you pay attention whether the circles are open or closed!
Now that we’ve completed the graphs for our flip books, let’s begin writing the inequalities that each graph represents. Make sure that you can write the inequality with the variable both on the right AND the left of the inequality sign. What happens when you switch the side that the inequality is on?
Now go through each graph and fill in the inequalities. When you have finished, check with a partner close to you.
How did you do?! Temperature Check! Give me a thumbs up if you did a great job and didn’t miss any Give me a sideways thumb if you did alright, but you probably need to work on it a little bit Give me a thumbs down if you aren’t getting it yet, and you need some help
Let’s get wordy! Who remembers some key words and phrases that tell us which inequality sign to choose? Raise your hand!
Now we will use these key words to write some word problems for our inequality graphs. Look at the example below to see what I mean…
Let’s finish up by writing word problems for the rest of the graphs. Try to do them on your own, and have you’re a partner check when you’ve finished.