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Which of the following renewable-energy sources does NOT come directly or indirectly from the sun or its effects? 1.solar power 2.geothermal power 3.wind.

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Presentation on theme: "Which of the following renewable-energy sources does NOT come directly or indirectly from the sun or its effects? 1.solar power 2.geothermal power 3.wind."— Presentation transcript:

1 Which of the following renewable-energy sources does NOT come directly or indirectly from the sun or its effects? 1.solar power 2.geothermal power 3.wind power 4.biomass power 5.hydropower 14.1

2 Which of the following renewable-energy sources does NOT come directly or indirectly from the sun or its effects? 1.solar power 2.geothermal power 3.wind power 4.biomass power 5.hydropower 14.1

3 Just 40 minutes of sunlight striking the land surface of the U.S. yields 1.enough energy to light New York City for a day. 2.enough energy to light New York state for a day. 3.enough energy to light the U.S. for a day. 4.the energy equivalent of one year’s consumption of fossil fuel by the U.S. 5.the energy equivalent to all the fossil fuel ever consumed. 14.2

4 Just 40 minutes of sunlight striking the land surface of the U.S. yields 1.enough energy to light New York City for a day. 2.enough energy to light New York state for a day. 3.enough energy to light the U.S. for a day. 4.the energy equivalent of one year’s consumption of fossil fuel by the U.S. 5.the energy equivalent to all the fossil fuel ever consumed. 14.2

5 Passive solar water heaters are described by all of the following EXCEPT 1.they are already relatively common in warmer U.S. climates. 2.they require a pump to move contained water. 3.their greatest limitation is initial cost. 4.they operate much more cheaply than standard gas or electrical water heaters. 5.they trap radiant energy in the form of heat, much like a greenhouse does. 14.3

6 Passive solar water heaters are described by all of the following EXCEPT 1.they are already relatively common in warmer U.S. climates. 2.they require a pump to move contained water. 3.their greatest limitation is initial cost. 4.they operate much more cheaply than standard gas or electrical water heaters. 5.they trap radiant energy in the form of heat, much like a greenhouse does. 14.3

7 My colleague in Buenos Aires, Argentina, would like me to send him plans for a solar space heating system. Besides translating the plans into Spanish, what other difference might I suggest for implementation of the plans? 1.The solar collector box should be placed on the north- facing side of the house instead of the south-facing side. 2.The solar collector box should be placed on the west- facing side of his house to collect the morning sun. 3.The color of the box should be light blue to complement the colors of the Argentine flag. 4.Because it will be used in the Southern Hemisphere, the warm air will settle; therefore, the warm air duct must be on the bottom of the collector. 5.Because Buenos Aires is close to the equator, he might decide to install curtains inside the collector box. 14.4

8 My colleague in Buenos Aires, Argentina, would like me to send him plans for a solar space heating system. Besides translating the plans into Spanish, what other difference might I suggest for implementation of the plans? 1.The solar collector box should be placed on the north- facing side of the house instead of the south-facing side. 2.The solar collector box should be placed on the west- facing side of his house to collect the morning sun. 3.The color of the box should be light blue to complement the colors of the Argentine flag. 4.Because it will be used in the Southern Hemisphere, the warm air will settle; therefore, the warm air duct must be on the bottom of the collector. 5.Because Buenos Aires is close to the equator, he might decide to install curtains inside the collector box. 14.4

9 The Energy Star program refers to 1.panels that convert solar radiation into electrical current. 2.a brand name for an East Asian electronics manufacturer. 3.EPA ratings awarded for energy efficiency. 4.photovoltaic cells. 5.a governmental program that rewards power industries that meet their production quotas. 14.5

10 The Energy Star program refers to 1.panels that convert solar radiation into electrical current. 2.a brand name for an East Asian electronics manufacturer. 3.EPA ratings awarded for energy efficiency. 4.photovoltaic cells. 5.a governmental program that rewards power industries that meet their production quotas. 14.5

11 Criticisms pitched against the use of solar energy include 1.the sun doesn’t shine very brightly on cloudy days and not at all at night. 2.much of the U.S. receives too little strong solar radiation, especially seasonally. 3.there’s nothing to be consumed, so limited profit can be made. 4.the technology is still relatively expensive. 5.all of the above. 14.6

12 Criticisms pitched against the use of solar energy include 1.the sun doesn’t shine very brightly on cloudy days and not at all at night. 2.much of the U.S. receives too little strong solar radiation, especially seasonally. 3.there’s nothing to be consumed, so limited profit can be made. 4.the technology is still relatively expensive. 5.all of the above. 14.6

13 Which of the following is a valid criticism of damming rivers for hydroelectric power generation? 1.The body of water behind a dam often displaces people and alters habitat for many organisms. 2.Increased availability of water often results in irrigation for agriculture, leading to increasing levels of siltation behind the dam. 3.Damming rivers generally changes relatively cool moving water into warmer, less-oxygenated water that can’t support many resident fish species. 4.Reduced water downstream interferes with fish migrations and lifestyles of Native Americans tied to the fish. 5.Dam construction has been criticized for all of the above. 14.7

14 Which of the following is a valid criticism of damming rivers for hydroelectric power generation? 1.The body of water behind a dam often displaces people and alters habitat for many organisms. 2.Increased availability of water often results in irrigation for agriculture, leading to increasing levels of siltation behind the dam. 3.Damming rivers generally changes relatively cool moving water into warmer, less-oxygenated water that can’t support many resident fish species. 4.Reduced water downstream interferes with fish migrations and lifestyles of Native Americans tied to the fish. 5.Dam construction has been criticized for all of the above. 14.7

15 Subsidies for renewable or alternate energy sources 1.are criticized by opponents who label them as unfair and a burden upon consumers. 2.make the sources more competitive with energy production from fossil fuel. 3.could be compared to subsidies provided to fossil fuel producers, including government costs for cleaning up pollution or maintaining access to foreign oil. 4.allow for investment and research that should ultimately pay off when fossil fuel supplies dwindle. 5.are described by all of the above. 14.8

16 Subsidies for renewable or alternate energy sources 1.are criticized by opponents who label them as unfair and a burden upon consumers. 2.make the sources more competitive with energy production from fossil fuel. 3.could be compared to subsidies provided to fossil fuel producers, including government costs for cleaning up pollution or maintaining access to foreign oil. 4.allow for investment and research that should ultimately pay off when fossil fuel supplies dwindle. 5.are described by all of the above. 14.8

17 Which of the following is NOT true about utilizing biomass energy? 1.Burning biomass is a relatively renewable energy source compared to fossil fuels. 2.This renewable energy source can be tapped without pollution or negative impact upon global climate. 3.Municipal wastepaper and other organic wastes can be burned to produce electricity. 4.Burning of municipal wastes also reduces the materials destined for landfills. 5.Technologies have been developed that are highly appropriate for the production of methane for combustion in developing countries. 14.9

18 Which of the following is NOT true about utilizing biomass energy? 1.Burning biomass is a relatively renewable energy source compared to fossil fuels. 2.This renewable energy source can be tapped without pollution or negative impact upon global climate. 3.Municipal wastepaper and other organic wastes can be burned to produce electricity. 4.Burning of municipal wastes also reduces the materials destined for landfills. 5.Technologies have been developed that are highly appropriate for the production of methane for combustion in developing countries. 14.9

19 The Model U is 1.the name of a pilotless plane used to monitor global weather patterns. 2.a narrow-gauge toy train that has been developed to run on solar power. 3.the stage name for a famous undergarment personality. 4.a Ford Motor Company concept car that runs off hydrogen gas. 5.a new, private university where engineering students develop alternative energy technologies

20 The Model U is 1.the name of a pilotless plane used to monitor global weather patterns. 2.a narrow-gauge toy train that has been developed to run on solar power. 3.the stage name for a famous undergarment personality. 4.a Ford Motor Company concept car that runs off hydrogen gas. 5.a new, private university where engineering students develop alternative energy technologies

21 What is the greatest drawback to the development of hydrogen fuel cell automobiles? 1.There is very little infrastructure to deliver hydrogen gas to users. 2.The technology does not fit any automobiles currently available. 3.Although they are cleaner burning, hydrogen fuel cell cars are less efficient than gasoline vehicles. 4.So far, automobile manufacturers have shown no interest in hydrogen fuel cell cars. 5.So far, the only vehicles that are available with this technology are too ugly

22 What is the greatest drawback to the development of hydrogen fuel cell automobiles? 1.There is very little infrastructure to deliver hydrogen gas to users. 2.The technology does not fit any automobiles currently available. 3.Although they are cleaner burning, hydrogen fuel cell cars are less efficient than gasoline vehicles. 4.So far, automobile manufacturers have shown no interest in hydrogen fuel cell cars. 5.So far, the only vehicles that are available with this technology are too ugly (no personal opinions, please!)

23 “Net metering” refers to 1.monitoring internet use, and electricity consumption, among school-age children. 2.increasing the linkage between neighboring utility suppliers to reduce “brown-outs.” 3.using tidal action pulling on submerged meshes to harness tidal power. 4.allowing individuals or other power consumers to subtract the cost of electricity they themselves produce from their electric bills. 5.measuring the amount of energy consumed during a game of volleyball

24 “Net metering” refers to 1.monitoring internet use, and electricity consumption, among school-age children. 2.increasing the linkage between neighboring utility suppliers to reduce “brown-outs.” 3.using tidal action pulling on submerged meshes to harness tidal power. 4.allowing individuals or other power consumers to subtract the cost of electricity they themselves produce from their electric bills. 5.measuring the amount of energy consumed during a game of volleyball

25 The benefits of the Union of Concerned Scientists’ Clean Energy Blueprint include all of the following EXCEPT 1.similar oil savings compared with amounts that could be produced by oil extraction from ANWR. 2.increasing levels of oil savings into the foreseeable future. 3.reduced pollution of the environment. 4.less dependence upon foreign petroleum supplies. 5.reducing the need for the construction of new power plants

26 The benefits of the Union of Concerned Scientists’ Clean Energy Blueprint include all of the following EXCEPT 1.similar oil savings compared with amounts that could be produced by oil extraction from ANWR. 2.increasing levels of oil savings into the foreseeable future. 3.reduced pollution of the environment. 4.less dependence upon foreign petroleum supplies. 5.reducing the need for the construction of new power plants


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