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Skid Avoidance for Fire Apparatus Drivers. OUR GOAL…. To provide each apparatus operator the psychomotor skills and mental attitudes that are essential.

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Presentation on theme: "Skid Avoidance for Fire Apparatus Drivers. OUR GOAL…. To provide each apparatus operator the psychomotor skills and mental attitudes that are essential."— Presentation transcript:

1 Skid Avoidance for Fire Apparatus Drivers

2 OUR GOAL…. To provide each apparatus operator the psychomotor skills and mental attitudes that are essential to becoming the most competent, skillful and responsible driver possible. We expect to reduce Oregon’s statistical numbers in the national list of accidents and injuries. In the 10 years preceding the program, experienced at least 16 firefighters killed in vehicle crashes while on duty. The program is geared to reducing the number of fatalities and injuries during vehicle operations.

3 Started out as an idea in 2005 Committee was formed and process began Need for a cultural change in the way driver training was approached Discussion about Police using Skid Cars Why not have one for fire trucks? Funding appropriated for program Curriculum was discussed/developed for an Advanced Driver course

4 The Ford F-650 and the skid frames arrived in April of 2009. The F-650 had extensive modifications made to the cargo area to support the regional delivery aspect of the program.

5 Second phase was learning to properly mount the frames to the chassis. One frame is designed for the front axle and the other frame for the rear.

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7 Four days of intense instructor training for certification.

8 Overview Program is 4 hours and consists of the following components: 1 hour of ‘Being a Safe Driver’ 1 hour of ‘SkidCar © Driver Instruction’ 1 hour of driving a cone course that is instructed by the local fire agency

9 Overview (Continued) 1 hour in the skid-truck. Students will rotate into the driver position every 15 minutes. The other students are watching, listening and feeling the dynamics of the training while sitting in the rear area of the cab.

10 Overview (Continued) The DPSST Certified Name for the Program is called: Skid Avoidance for Fire Apparatus Drivers (SAFAD) The first component of the program, Being a Safe Driver Class, covers the basic laws for Oregon (specific to Fire & EMS), vehicle dynamics, braking systems to include auxiliary systems (exhaust brakes, etc..) and the 10 tender/tanker mistakes along with intersection safety.

11 Student Qualifications Facility Requirements Minimum standard for a student to participate is Driver Qualified/Certified. Originally Pumper Operator Qualified/Certified Facilities – minimum 300’X600’ clear, unobstructed paved area.

12 Regional Delivery DPSST provides the two classroom sessions during fire department drill nights or; if multiple agencies want to participate, within a large classroom setting.

13 Importance of This Training What is instructed? Fire apparatus driver/operator’s are taught to avoid getting themselves into situations where they may skid or lose control of a vehicle that weighs from 26,000 lbs. up to 86,000 lbs. Why it is taught? To reduce the number of accidents and to reduce the potential Line of Duty Deaths while responding to and from an incident.

14 Importance of This Training….. In a 10 year span from 1997-2007, 133 accidents claimed the lives of 148 firefighters nationwide. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends training drivers every six (6) months and recertifying each driver every year. Course teaches handling in adverse conditions.

15 Program Statistics 150 Oregon Agencies trained to date 10 Regional delivery sites around the state (soon to be 13) Popularity of this program is growing. Lack of sites to provide the skid-truck training continues to hamper our ability to deliver the driving portion of the class.

16 Year Being A Safe Driver Skid Car Driver Development (SAFAD) Skid-Truck (Driving) 200910771010736 2010752 612 2011545549527 201215389631132 2013182 172 TOTALS409434563179

17 State Statistics See Handout

18 2010 Crashes Involving a Police, Ambulance or Fire Vehicle Running With Lights & Sirens Fatal Crashes Non- Fatal Crashes Property Damage Only Total Crashes People Killed People Injured Trucks Dry Surface Wet Surface DayNight Intersect ion Intersect ion Related Off-road 343337967494632334633124 2010 Crashes Involving a Fire Vehicle Running With Lights & Sirens Fatal Crashes Non- Fatal Crashes Property Damage Only Total Crashes People Killed People Injured Trucks Dry Surface Wet Surface DayNight Intersect ion Intersect ion Related Off-road 01230233021001 2010 Crashes Involving a Fire Vehicle Running With Lights & Sirens Fatal Crashes Major Injury Crashes Moderate Injury Crashes Minor Injury Crashes Property Damage Only Total Crashes People Killed Major Injuries Moderate Injuries Minor Injuries Fixed/Other Object0000110000 Sideswipe-Overtaking0000110000 Turning Movements0100010101 2010 Total0100230101

19 Designed and Engineered for Mobility Utilize F650 not only as the base for the skid truck but also as the tractor to pull the enclosed trailer with frames. Enclosed trailer capable of carrying two frames and all support tools and replacement parts for regional rural delivery.

20 Enclosed Trailer 35’ fifth wheel design 10’ wide x 12’ high Extruded aluminum construction for maximum strength and minimum weight Full rear beaver tail gate design 21000lb GVWR

21 The mobile unit on initial arrival Ready to deliver training state wide

22 Inside of trailer before modifications Tools and equipment added as found to be needed in the field

23 Storage Area in top portion of trailer when delivery was taken of trailer Storage area filled with support items and spare parts for repairs as needed in the field

24 Frames loaded for the first time -Wheels free floating -Tie down points unidentified Current frame loaded configuration -Wheels locked in place with turn buckles and bars -Tie down points on both frames and floor

25 Original beavertail closure system was similar to that of an overhead garage door March of 2010 we experienced a catastrophic failure

26 - Cable lift system on beavertail was replaced with hydraulic rams. - For safety, controller mounted at rear of trailer

27 - During transit, frames are lowered and sit solid on floor boards. - During transit, frames are also secured in place with tie down straps.

28 -Original winch was 2500lb and floor mounted with steel cable -Current winch is 4500lb pedestal mounted, fiber braided cable with remote control operation

29 Trailer wheel wells on both sides bevel cut to accommodate axle bolts Frame axle bolts turned so that castle nuts are on inside of frame when loaded

30 Close clearance on both sides of frame Evidence of castle nut gouge before flipping bolts

31 Frame raised off of floor boards. Wheels kept in alignment by turn buckles and bars. Ready to unload Close tolerances as the frames are unloaded

32 Guide rails installed on beavertail for alignment when loading and unloading

33 Beavertail slope and angle specifically designed for clearance from deck to bottom of frame when fully raised Winch cable always kept taught whether loading or unloading

34 Always use two people when loading and unloading frames. Watch for side clearance and tracking Hydraulic fittings on frames, positioned at back of trailer.

35 Frames aligned straight before loading Anchor point installed on both frames for winch cable attachment

36 Upper deck lowered into position for loading or unloading second frame Ramps in place

37 Frames cleaned, ready for inspection and general maintenance before reloading

38 We experienced over heating and failure of the electric motor on the hydraulic pump, while doing extensive training, especially during hot weather. -Fresh air intake snorkel installed. -Air discharges directly onto electric motor.

39 - Exhaust fan installed, with switch near the instructor position in cab Even without fan operating, air flow will open louvers with truck moving.

40 Potentiometer placed on Oscilloscope after Warrenton training Oscilloscope showed wide spike after trouble shooting intermittent issues for several months

41 Potentiometer changed out immediately following controller issues during Portland training, showed narrow spike

42 Support Trailer

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44 An Award Winning Program The Senator Paul S. Sarbanes Fire Service Safety Leadership Award was created to encourage fire departments and associations across the nation to help reduce the number of firefighter deaths and injuries. The goal of this award embodies the goals of both Congressional Fire Services Institute (CFSI) and National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF) to ensure that EVERYONE GOES HOME at the end of every call for service. Both CFSI and NFFF extend their thanks and appreciation to State Farm Insurance and VFIS for serving as corporate co- sponsors of the awards program.

45 Award Goals Organizations nominated for the award should exemplify one or more of the following goals: Recognition of the Life Safety Initiatives originally developed by the American fire service during the 2004 National Fire Service Summit hosted by the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation. Recognizing the need to address firefighter health and safety and becoming an advocate for this cause. Leadership in promoting and supporting firefighter health and safety initiatives at the local, state or national level. Reaching out to other organizations and developing partnerships to further the cause of firefighter health and safety. Engaging government leaders at all levels to work together for positive changes in firefighter health and safety, and for the establishment of government programs that can enhance the personal safety of firefighters.

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