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Application of Pneumatic Aerodynamic Technology to Improve Drag Reduction, Performance, Safety, and Control of Advanced Automotive Vehicles by Robert J.

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Presentation on theme: "Application of Pneumatic Aerodynamic Technology to Improve Drag Reduction, Performance, Safety, and Control of Advanced Automotive Vehicles by Robert J."— Presentation transcript:

1 Application of Pneumatic Aerodynamic Technology to Improve Drag Reduction, Performance, Safety, and Control of Advanced Automotive Vehicles by Robert J. Englar, Georgia Tech Research Institute Application of Advanced Pneumatic Aircraft Technology…....Through Analytical & Experimental Development.....To Proof-of-Concept Full-Scale Tests

2 Outline of Presentation Introduction: Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Technology Pneumatic Heavy Vehicles (PHV)….Multi-Purpose Aero Devices for: Force & Moment Reductions or Augmentations Drag Reduction (Fuel Efficiency) or Drag Increase (Aero Braking) Increased Stability (Directional & Lateral) Improved Safety of Operation Reduced Spray Turbulence & Hydroplaning No-Moving-Part Integrated System Pneumatic Cooling System Wind-tunnel Investigations &Confirmations Initial Full-Scale Tuning Tests at Volvo Trucks SAE Type II Fuel Economy Tests at TRC Other Applications: Pneumatic SUV & Aero Heat Exchanger Conclusions: Summary of Wind-Tunnel & Full-Scale Results

3 Basics of Circulation Control Pneumatic Aerodynamics and Application to Heavy Vehicles Circulation Control Concept on Aircraft Navy A-6/CCW Flight Test Aircraft Blowing on Front of Trailer and/or All 4 Trailing Edges

4 Pneumatic Aero Development at GTRI Showed 50%(or more) Drag Reduction, Force & Moment Augmentation from Blown Configurations, and Drag Increase for Aero Braking if Desired 4 Blown Slots & Jet Turning on Rear Doors of Wind-Tunnel Model -23.9% -10.2%  CD due to Blowing -26.8%

5 GTRI Extended C  Tests Showed State-of-the-Art Drag Reduction!! 1999 Ferrari Corvette Coupe 2001 Honda Insight

6 Directional Control Capability Provided by Blowing of Left Side Slot Only (Similar Effects on Drag) Additional Gain from Side Blowing = Reduced C D due to Yaw Yaw Nose Left, Blow HERE

7 Static Jet Turning Displayed During Full-scale Run-up Testing Setting Slot Heights and Confirming Jet Turning at Low Blowing Rate on Aft Door of Trailer Right Rear Corner, looking up-- Tufts Show Jet Turning to Left: 90° on Side and 30° on Top Slots, 4 total, one per side Tufts

8 On-the-Road Operation: Jet Turning Entraining the Freestream Flowfield and Reducing Vehicle Drag Rear View with Jets Blowing Close-up of Tufts Showing Jet Turning

9 Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle (PHV) Test Rig on Track for Fuel Test 1 at TRC, 75 mph with Blowing SAE Fuel Test I Results: 5-6% Fuel Economy Increase ~ 10-12% C D Reduction New Wind Tunnel Tests were Conducted to Identify Initial Problem areas, then Fuel Test II was conducted in Sept. 2004

10 Updated PHV Blown Wind-tunnel Model to Resemble TRC Test Rig, With New Tractor, New Top Strut Mount, New TE Geometry Airfoil New Blown Trailing-edge Geometry, 53’ Trailer High Floor, Wheels & Undercarriage Details, No Fairing Generic Conventional Model (GCM) Cab (DOE Team design) Faired Mounting Strut Air Supply Line Optional Gap Side Plates Tests of this new model completed at GTRI; Showed 31% Lower C D than Stock Truck

11 Second SAE Type II Fuel Economy Test at TRC Revised Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle Test Rig Baseline Stock Heavy Vehicle Control Truck

12 SAE Fuel Economy Results at TRC, Test 2 - Improvements due to Blowing and Aft Trailer Geometry

13 Fuel Usage in the US (look at SUVs), and One Possible Fix: Increase Fuel Efficiency of SUVs DOE Fuel Usage Data, 10 9 gallons/year Blown SUV in Lockheed Tunnel

14 Full-Scale Tunnel Tests of Unblown SUV to Locate Flow Separation for Blowing Slot Location of Pneumatic SUV Smoke Flow over Unblown SUV, Testing in Lockheed 16’ x 23’ Low Speed Wind Tunnel, Marietta GA Separated Flow over Aft Door of SUV

15 Pneumatic Capabilities of Blown SUV Confirmed in WT Test; Blowing Configs far from Optimized Drag Reduction or Aero Braking~ Functions Interchangeable: Which Slot Blown Directional Stability, No Moving Parts

16 CONCLUSIONS: Pneumatic Aerodynamic Concepts Now Demonstrated Full-Scale on PHV and PSUV  Blowing Demonstrated on Full-Scale PHV Tests at TRC, Confirming Drag Reduction, but less than from Tunnel Tests; Reasons Now Identified  15-16% Fuel Efficiency Improvement is Possible  Based on  Model  C D Reduction ~TRC Track Test Results Show 11-12% Fuel Economy Increase due to Blowing and Aft Geometry (not including blower fuel; better blower or pump would help)  Pneumatic Yaw Stability, Side-Wind C D Reduction, and Aero Braking Capabilities (Safety of Operation) are Confirmed, Model & Full-scale Testing  Pneumatic Full-scale Tunnel Tests Showed Similar Blown Capabilities for SUVs Let’s get this on Production Trucks & Fleets!! (12%FEI=2.4 Billion gals of diesel/yr) GTRI PATENTED CONCEPTS

17 BACKUP Slides

18 The Effects of Blowing on Increasing Base Pressure for C D Reduction The Vertical Mid Base Vertical Mid Base Horizontal Mid Base

19 Flow Visualization of Blowing Jets Tuft Showing Flow Uniformity at Diffuser Center Combined Jet Strength and Wake Contraction (see Shirt)

20 Blowing Efficiency & Drag/Thrust Increment Due to Blowing Slot Position, shown as Fraction/Multiple of Blowing Momentum Input It’s possible to get back 5.5 times the C  input as a C D Reduction…. OR 2 times the C  input as Aero Braking increase


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