Presentation on theme: "New Technologies - Tires -"— Presentation transcript:
1New Technologies - Tires - Paul JohnstonMichelin North AmericaGreenville, SC
2What is accelerating the adoption of New Technologies? New Technology - TiresWhat is accelerating the adoption of New Technologies?Fuel CostsFreight EfficienciesEnvironmental ConcernsRegulatory & Legislative LandscapeFuel has increased ____ fold over 2010For every $1 spent on tires, $15 spent on fuelDo more with less, haul more freight with fewer trucks, drivers, miles driven; increased adoption of telematics, routing s/wPressures on the industry to meet more stringent yet beneficial regulations ranging from CSA, to fuel mileage, to emissions, to braking distances to EOBRs/HOS
6Super Single vs NGWBS New Generation Traditional Wide Base Single They say a picture is worth a thousand words– On the left the 425/65R22.5…………..speed rated 65 mph; on-off road compounding, high RR– On the right the 445/50R22.5…………speed rated 75 mph; multi application (LH, Reg, On-Off, Urban), lower RRIf the old wide base was a work boot; the new X One® tire is more like a sneaker.New GenerationWide Base Single445/50R22.5Traditional“Super Single”425/65R22.5
7How do the footprints compare? NGWBS445/50R22.5Duals275/80R22.5X One® Tire Chains/Cables_______________________________________________________________Security Chain Company16131 SE Harvard Clackamas, ORPhone: Internet:Product: Name: ZT MSPN: 72829Scantrack Chain for 445/50R22.5 and 455/55R22.5Dealer: White Mountain chainBonners Ferry, IDContact: Ed LeachPhone:Traditional “Super Single”445/65R22.5
8What Benefits does the NGWBS provide? Cost ReductionImproved fuel efficiency, approximately 4% - 10%Freight EfficienciesGreater payload, savings of 175 – 200 lbs / axleFewer trucks on the roadEase of maintenanceReduced Carbon FootprintBetter fuel mileage (lower Rolling Resistance)…..…….fewer Greenhouse Gas emissions…resulting in a more competitive Transport Industry!
10Where Does Your Fuel Go? Aerodynamic Drag Mechanical Losses At 60 mph, aerodynamic drag consumes approximately 40% of the fuel.Aerodynamic DragMechanical losses consume approximately 25% of the fuel.Mechanical LossesRolling resistance accounts for approximately 35% of the fuel consumed.Rolling ResistanceAerodynamic drag is the natural resistance of the air being pushed by the truck.Aerodynamic drag is a function of the vehicle frontal square footage, the aerodynamic shape of its leading edge and the square of its speed.At 60 mph, aerodynamic drag consumes approximately 40% of the fuel.Mechanical losses are related to the engine’s ability to convert part of the fuel energy, the friction associated with the various drive train components and the various accessories being run.Mechanical losses consume approximately 25% of the fuel.Rolling resistance is related to the heat generated by the tire’s sidewalls and tread design as they flex and squirm.This natural characteristic of rubber to generate heat while flexing is called hysteresis.Rolling resistance accounts for approximately 35% of the fuel consumed.Hysteresis is the natural characteristic of rubber to release only part of the energy that it consumes to deform.The best way to show this is with a rubber band. If you test the temperature of a rubber band by putting up against your lip and then stretch it couple of times, and then check the temperature again, you will notice that it got warm. It retained energy.The tread design of a tire does the same thing as it compresses and releases.
11What does a Department of Energy (DOE) Study show? Improvements in Fuel Economy with Various Combinations of Tires on Class 8 Tractor TrailersBenefit using onlywide singles9.2% => approx $1.1m fuel savings for a Fleet of 175 power units($6,539 per tractor)Benefit vsduals onlyThe NGWBS tire has only two sidewalls flexing instead of four.The NGWBS tire uses advanced technology compounds.The NGWBS tire can reduce the truck rolling resistance by more than 12% compared to our most fuel efficient dual.Fact #537: September 22, 2008NGWBS on Class 8 Tractor Trailers Improves Fuel Economy by 9.2%Oak Ridge Lab; 750,000 real-world miles; 1 year test
18MICHELIN® X One® TiresSince its introduction in 2000, MICHELIN® X One® tires have helped save63 million gallons of fuel, and639,000 metric tons of CO2 emissionsthe equivalent of removing 127,800 cars from the road
20INDUSTRY NEWS Legislative Changes Energy Independence & Security Act 2007CARB impactClean Air Act2010 Presidential directive for Fuel Efficiency & GHG standardsGovernment Regulations & EnvironmentThe Environmental Protection Agency and DOT’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) have published their formal fuel efficiency and emission standards for heavy duty trucks on the Federal Register.Comments must be received before or on January 31, 2011.The EPA’s greenhouse gas emissions under the Clean Air Act begin in model year 2014.The NHTSA’s fuel consumption standards under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 would be voluntary for model years 2014 and 2105 and become mandatory in model year 2016 for most regulatory categories.Comments must be identified by Docket ID No. NHTSA–2010–0079 and/or EPA–HQ–OAR–2010–0162, by one of the following methods:• Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.•• Fax: NHTSA: (202) 493–2251; EPA:(202) 566–9744.• Mail: NHTSA: Docket Management Facility, M–30, U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building, Ground Floor, Rm. W12–140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC========================================================================================The NHTSA’s (Natl Highway Traffic Safety Administration) fuel consumption standards under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 would be voluntary for model years 2014 and 2105 and become mandatory in model year 2016 for most regulatory categories.1st ever national standards for Fuel Economy & Greenhouse Gas emissions for Med & Heavy Duty trucking.Instead of MPG, trucks to be measured in Gallons per Ton Mile (gal/ton mile) and emissions to be measured in Grams of Carbon Dioxide per Ton Mile (gCO2/ton mile). This accounts for what type of work the truck is doing and not just engine fuel efficiency. Improvements to be met through Engines, Tires, Aerodynamics and Idling , saves 500 million barrels of oil and 250 millionmetric tons of GHG emissions.NHTSA = mpg; EPA = emissionsPayback 2-4 years depending on usage. Vocational and OTR power units but not trailers at this time.
21EPA / NHTSA Joint NPRM GHG Emissions & FE Standards Medium and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles EPA GHG emissions standardsImplementation MY 2014NHTSA fuel efficiency standardsImplementationMY 2014 voluntary compliance with credits available.MY 2016 mandatory compliance to “average“.MetricsVehicle ClassCO2Fuel EfficiencyClass 2bPickups, vansgrams/milegallons/100-mileClass 3 – 8Work, vocational, tractorsgrams/ton-milegallons/1,000 ton-mile
22Each standard will be assigned a CO2 emission target Figures are for illustration onlyEXAMPLE: Raised Roof Sleeper w/TrailerNGWBS impact2010 Baseline = 100 gCO2/ton-mileBelow are the ONLY credit options to meet Standards :Aerodynamic features with lower Cd7 gCO2/ton-mileRegardless of application every truck built that is a raised roof sleeper must be measured against the standard provided. OEM is responsible and accountable to ensure the average of all the trucks sold in that standard are at or below the standard.Low RR tires (lower drive and steer Crr)5 gCO2/ton-mileIdle reduction timer (shuts down after 5 min)5 gCO2/ton-mileReduced weight (wide single tires)3 gCO2/ton-mileNew 2014 standard target = 80 gCO2/ton-mileNote: Default engine to be used; Engine per OEM measured separatelysource: Volvo Mack 2010 ATA Panel22
23What does Industry want? …. uniformity & harmonization….
24U.S. States - NGWBS LCV Oversize/Overweight Permitted Operations Only (GVW > 36,364 kg / 80,000 lbs)US permit-issued operation (O/S, O/W, LCV)“... each axle (non-steering) must have 4 tires ...”South Dakota, New York,“... two tires at each end of each axle ...”Kansas,“... minimum axle width ...”CaliforniaLimitation of 500 lpi (pounds per inch tire width)Montana, Nevada, S.Dakota, Washington, Utah (500 lbs LCV)Industry Standards & Government Regulations(Modified 6/13/11 – SL)IS&GR Overview Section
25U.S. States - NGWBS LCV Oversize/Overweight Permitted Operations Only (GVW > 36,364 kg / 80,000 lbs)AlaskaDCHawaiiForms of State restrictionsCA - specific minimum axle widthTX - 2 axle 35’ – 45’ busLA - rear axles of waste disposal trucks(Modified 6/13/11 – SL)Industry Standards & Government Regulations
26What About Effect on the Roads? 100200300400500600700800900100013579Tread No.Contact Pressure (kPa)X One TireDual Tire1Dual Tire2This slide illustrates the ground contact pressure exerted by an X One versus dual LP22.5. Note that the contact pressure at the center is essentially equal and that it is in fact much more equally distributed across the X Ones when compared with duals. The image does not suggest pavement rutting from the X ones as does the duals.The lower pressure in the shoulder area of the dual tires equates to a loss of grip at the tread edges (shoulders) relative to the X One. The more balanced distribution of the X One translates into traction and handling improvements as a function of ground contactThe literature on pavement damage is exhaustive in scope and very often contradictory in its findings, driven largely by inconsistencies in methodologies and data collection. Most of the existing data comparing wide base singles to duals refers to the older traditional wide base or “super single” tires commonly found on the front axles of vocational vehicles in the US. Study on the new generation of wide base singles is relatively new and very limited.Source: Dr. Al-Qadi / VaTech Transportation Institute
27Regulatory Environment - Pavement Tire Contact StresseskPa signifies kilopascals, i.e. thousands of pascals.1 kPa = 1000 PaPascals are the unit of pressure (atmospheric pressure for instance) equivalent to one newton per square meter.Anytime you see a k in the context of metric it means 10^3 or Pa = pascals or N / m^2, (force / area), a unit of stress or pressure (they mean the same thing, stress is used when referring to solids, pressure is used when referring to fluids). So 1 kPa = 1000 Pa = 1000 n / m^2Read more:Actual Tire ImprintsContact Stress between the Tire and Pavement SurfaceMeasurements indicate comparable levelsof contact stresses between NGWBS and duals.Slide to be used only with written permission of Michelin Americas Research CompanySource: Florida DOT
28Summary: Benefits provided by the NGWBS Cost ReductionFreight EfficienciesReduced Carbon FootprintIndustry Position: new generation wide base singleNet Positive Economic/Environmental Gainwhen balancing the pro’s v con’s
29…..the New Generation Wide Base Single tire is the future of tire technology….. Today!
30Thank You !June 17th 1mth sold; as of this month, we’ve reached 1.1m+; monthly 20k so next million will hit us in next 3 years, 2013“the first million is always toughest”, per Marc Laferrierefurther evidence of industry acceptance….next 1m in 3.5 years