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Unit 4 Gulliver’s Travels : A Voyage to Lilliput Deborah Soong.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Gulliver’s Travels : A Voyage to Lilliput Deborah Soong."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 4 Gulliver’s Travels : A Voyage to Lilliput Deborah Soong

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4 Teaching ActivitiesIndex

5 Teaching Activities 1st period 1. Warm-up Warm-up 2. The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs 1-4 The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs 1-4 3. Reading – Paragraphs 1-4 Reading – Paragraphs 1-4 2nd period 1. The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs 5-7 The Vocabulary, and Idioms & Phrases within Paragraphs 5-7 2. Reading – Paragraphs 5-7 Reading – Paragraphs 5-7 3. Post-reading Post-reading 3rd period 1. Word File Word File 2. Sentence Patterns Sentence Patterns 3. Expansion Expansion 4. Writing Practice Writing Practice 4th period Conversation and Listening Practice

6 Warm-up Vocabulary Idioms & Phrases Reading -Paragraphs 1-4

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8 1. ship/sail/calm/sea A ship is sailing on the calm sea.

9 2. violent/storm/strike/overturn/ ship Then, a violent storm struck and overturned the ship.

10 3. everyone/drown/except/man/ who/continue/struggle/in/sea Everyone on the ship was drowned except one man, who continued to struggle in the sea.

11 4. a few/hour/later/reach/shore/ fall asleep/exhaustion 4 A few hours later, the man reached shore and fell asleep from exhaustion.

12 5. when/wake/he/find/himself/fasten /ground/surround/thousands/ miniature/people When he was awakened, he found himself fastened to the ground and surrounded by thousands of miniature people. Back

13 Listen to paragraphs 1- 4. Skip

14 Now, answer the following questions.

15 ____ Why couldn’t Gulliver move when he awoke? (A) Because it was too hot. (B) Because he was too tired. (C) Because he was too weak. (D) Because he was fastened tight to the ground. D

16 _____ What may “Tolgo phonac” mean? (A) Freeze. (B) Listen. (C) March. (D) Fire arrows. D

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18 When I awoke, it was just daylight.

19 I attempted to rise but was not able to stir; for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were fastened to the ground with my hair tied down in the same manner. for 在此相當於 because 的用法. I can't go to the movie with you, for I have a test tomorrow. as 在此為 while 之意,表示「正當 … 」 As I was leaving, he appeared. Next

20 I attempted to rise but was not able to stir; for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were fastened to the ground with my hair tied down in the same manner. happen to 碰巧,正好 I happened to find the CD I'd been looking for. There happened to be a movie we both liked on TV, so we stayed in and watched it. Next

21 I attempted to rise but was not able to stir; for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were fastened to the ground with my hair tied down in the same manner. It just so happens that... 及 as it happens 也是「碰巧」之意. It just so happened that I had no money with me, so I couldn't have dinner. As it happens, I won't be able to attend the meeting tomorrow. Next

22 I attempted to rise but was not able to stir; for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were fastened to the ground with my hair tied down in the same manner. [ 比較 ] lie 與 lay 的差別: lie (vi) 躺 三態 lie lay lain lay (vt.) 放平 三態 lay laid laid On weekends, I like to lie on the grass and read magazines. Some people laid towels on the grass and sunbathed on them. Next

23 I attempted to rise but was not able to stir; for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were fastened to the ground with my hair tied down in the same manner. in the same manner/way = likewise = similarly...with my hair tied down in the same manner. → with my hair which was tied down.... 此為 with + O + OC 之句型,此處 OC 為 過去分詞。 With her face covered, I can’t see who she really is.

24 I likewise felt several strings across my body. The sun began to grow hot, and the light offended my eyes.

25 In a little time, I felt something alive moving on my left leg, advancing over my chest and coming almost to my chin....I felt something alive moving on my left leg, advancing over my chest and coming almost to my chin. 此為 feel ( 不完全及物動詞 ) + O + OC 的 句型,此處 OC 為現在分詞。 When I talked to Mary, I felt my heart beating fast.

26 Bending my eyes downward as much as I could, I perceived it to be a human creature not six inches tall, with a bow and arrow in his hands. Bending my eyes downward as much as I could,.... → When I bent my eyes.... 此為表時間的分詞構句. as...as one can/possible 句型 In an emergency, you should remain as calm as you can. Next

27 Bending my eyes downward as much as I could, I perceived it to be a human creature not six inches tall, with a bow and arrow in his hands. six inches 約為十五公分。作者把利尼普特國 人寫成只有六吋高,再透過「巨人」格列佛的 眼睛來觀察他們的生活。因為利尼普特國人的 迷你尺寸,使得他們對一些枝微末節瑣事的堅 持 ( 例如,敲開蛋要從哪一頭打 ) ,顯得更為愚 昧。作者藉以諷刺英國社會,如果在巨人的眼 中,是否也一樣無知及可笑?

28 In the meantime, I felt at least forty more of the same kind following the first. in the meantime = meanwhile 就在這個時候,同時 I'll keep cooking, and in the meantime you can set the table....following the first. →...which followed the first human creature. 此為限定用法的關代子句簡化來的分詞 片語用法,修飾先行詞. Life must be very unpleasant for people living near a busy airport.

29 I roared so loud that they all ran back in fright. so…that 如此地 … 以致於 … The baby cried so loud that she woke her parents up. It was so dark that I could not see anything. Next

30 I roared so loud that they all ran back in fright. 與 fright 相關的用語: The child shivered in fright as the dog barked at him. ( 驚嚇地 ) You gave me a fright by closing the door so loudly. ( 嚇我一跳 ) I got the fright of my life when something exploded behind me. ( 嚇得半死 )

31 Struggling to get free, I managed to break the strings and pull out the pegs that held my left arm and hair to the ground. Struggling...free 為表「附帶狀態」的分詞 構句用法. Struggling to get free, I managed to …. → I struggled to get free and managed to.... She looked at her sick son, worrying he might not recover. Next

32 Struggling to get free, I managed to break the strings and pull out the pegs that held my left arm and hair to the ground. manage 和 try 都有「嘗試」之意,但兩者在語 意上有差別, manage 是「設法做並成功」, 而 try 則是「嘗試做但不一定成功」. I managed to finish all my homework in one night. ( 做完了 ) I tried to finish all my homework in one night. ( 不一定有做完 )

33 I heard one of the creatures cry, “Tolgo phonac!”and instantly felt above a hundred arrows discharged upon my left hand, which pricked me like so many needles. 感官動詞 see/watch/notice/hear/feel + O + V/V-ing/p.p. 句型用法 She watched Jerry walk/walking to her from the parking lot. I could feel the baby’s heart beat/ beating when I held her in my arms. Next

34 I heard one of the creatures cry, “Tolgo phonac!”and instantly felt above a hundred arrows discharged upon my left hand, which pricked me like so many needles. 此為關代子句的非限定用法,用來補述 說明先行詞。 Jack passed a letter to Helen, who was sitting beside him. The train, which used to be very punctual, was late today.

35 I now considered it wise to lie still, and when the people observed I was quiet, they discharged no more arrows. 不完全及物動詞 + it + N/Adj (OC) + to V..../that-clause I now considered it wise to lie still.... → I now considered that it was wise to lie still....

36 So hungry was I that I could not refrain from putting my finger frequently on my mouth to signify that I wanted food. So hungry was I that I could.... → I was so hungry that I could.... So hungry was I.... 是為了強調 be 動詞後的 補語而形成的倒裝句,有時如果主詞補語過長 也會用倒裝. She is so honest that no one questions what she says. → So honest is she that no one questions what she says. Next

37 So hungry was I that I could not refrain from putting my finger frequently on my mouth to signify that I wanted food. The days when we were young and free are gone. → Gone are the days when we were young and free. Next

38 So hungry was I that I could not refrain from putting my finger frequently on my mouth to signify that I wanted food. cannot refrain from = cannot keep from/help + V-ing = cannot avoid/resist + V-ing = cannot help but + V When seeing the movie, she couldn’t refrain/keep from crying. The teacher avoided/resisted yelling at his students even when he was about to lose his temper. The audience couldn’t help but laugh when they watched the clown perform.

39 Soon, over one hundred inhabitants appeared, carrying many baskets full of meat. 與 soon 相關的片語: sooner or later ( 遲早 ) the sooner the better ( 越快越好 ) as soon as possible ( 盡快地 ) Sooner or later, I will buy my parents a house. The sooner you learn to drive the better! My boss yelled, “I want that report here as soon as possible!” Next

40 Soon, over one hundred inhabitants appeared, carrying many baskets full of meat....carrying many baskets full of meat →...and carried many baskets full of meat 此為表「附帶狀況」的分詞構句用法。

41 They watched in astonishment at my appetite as I swallowed two or three miniature legs of mutton or several tiny loaves of bread in a single gulp. in/with astonishment 驚恐地 Seeing his ex-girlfriend, the man fell from his chair in astonishment. to one’s astonishment 令 … 驚訝的是 To my astonishment, the kid answered the math problem.

42 I was then brought some delicious wine, which I finished at one drink. They then began to dance with delight upon my chest, and though I was tempted to seize them and dash them to the ground, I refrained from harming them because of the hospitality they had shown me. (1) though 與 although 當連接詞時用法相同, 表示「儘管,雖然」之意. * Though/Although I know I am overweight, I just can’t stop eating junk food. (2) though 可以當副詞,表「然而,不過」 * I missed the bus. John gave me a ride, though.

43 They rubbed an ointment upon my hands and face, which soothed me into a deep sleep. When I awoke, I found myself being carried toward Lilliput, the capital city of my captors. 為不完全及物動詞 + O + OC 的句型 Jane found herself sunburned because she fell asleep on the beach. Next

44 They rubbed an ointment upon my hands and face, which soothed me into a deep sleep. When I awoke, I found myself being carried toward Lilliput, the capital city of my captors...., the capital city of my captors →..., which was the capital... 此句為非限定用法的關代子句簡化來的, 修飾前面的主詞 Lilliput 。

45 The Emperor of Lilliput came forth to greet me, and I was taken to a huge empty temple outside the city where I was to lodge, my legs bound with many chains. be 動詞 + to + V 即將發生或一定會發生的事 They are to be married next week. Each one is to pay his or her own expenses needed for traveling. where 為關係副詞,引導形容詞子句修飾 先行詞 a huge empty temple outside the city. Brian doesn’t know the place where he was born. Next

46 The Emperor of Lilliput came forth to greet me, and I was taken to a huge empty temple outside the city where I was to lodge, my legs bound with many chains....my legs bound with many chains. →...and my legs were bound with many chains. 此為獨立分詞構句 (Absolute Phrases) 的用法 ,因主詞與主要子句不同,所以保留,且分詞 構句中的 be 動詞可省略.

47 The Emperor held frequent councils to debate what course should be taken with me. course 行動,做法 Silence is not always the best course to take.

48 When he saw how gently I treated his people, he decided to provide me with sufficient food and to grant me certain liberties on condition that I swear a peace treaty with his kingdom. provide/supply sb with sth = provide/supply sth for/to sb 提供某人某物 The books in the library provided us with all the information we needed. The U.N. was urging the US to supply medical aid to the poorer countries. Next

49 When he saw how gently I treated his people, he decided to provide me with sufficient food and to grant me certain liberties on condition that I swear a peace treaty with his kingdom. on condition that = provided (that) = suppose/supposing (that) 在 … 條件下;如果 … 的話 Ron lent me the money on condition (that)/provided (that) I paid it back on time. Supposing (that) I declined your offer, what would you do?

50 I agreed, and shortly afterward I was granted my freedom. Back


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