Literary devices and techniques are used by authors to develop the plot of their stories. Some common devices include POV, flashback and foreshadowing.
Point of View POV: Vantage point from which the story is told Created by narrator, the voice that tells the story.
POV 1 st person: a character is the narrator ◦ “I”, “Me”, “We” 3 rd person limited: Narrator is not a character, but is an outside observer ◦ Zooms in on thoughts and feelings of 1 character 3 rd person omniscient: narrator is not a character, but is all knowing ◦ Has access to thoughts and feelings of all characters
Flashback is a technique used by authors to show readers something that happened before the time frame of the story. The author jumps back in time to tell about something that happened earlier.
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I oil my hair and brush it soft. Then, with the brush in my lap, I gather the hair in my hands Pull the strands smooth and tight, And weave three sections into a fat shiny braid That hangs straight down my back. I remember Mama teaching me to plait my hair One Saturday afternoon when chores were done. My fingers were stubby and short. I could barely hold three strands at once, And my braids would fray apart No sooner than I’d finished them. Mama said, “Just takes practice, is all.” Now my hands work swiftly, doing easy What was once so hard to do.
The flashback in the poem is when the narrator remembers when one Saturday when she was young she remembers her mom teaching her to braid her hair. The flashback contributes to the poem because it shows how the narrator feels good about her past and how she feels towards her mother. It also shows her growth of time.
Foreshadowing suggests events that have yet to occur in a work of literature. Writers use foreshadowing to build their readers expectations and create suspense. Foreshadowing may also come from the mood that an author creates.
1. A weapon found in a drawer might foreshadow a future crime in the story. 2. That morning on her way to work, Mary Ann took a gun from a cabinet in the garage, loaded it, and thrust it into her coat pocket. What do you think the gun in the second example foreshadows?
The second example could foreshadow Mary Ann doing something with the gun, such as robbing a bank, or attacking someone at her work.
“The roads are slick and dark on the path to Duke’s village. People fear the drive, because so many accidents have occurred over the years, and individuals go missing biweekly. Tonight, Kaulana will venture into the unknown darkness alone.” What do you think the author is foreshadowing?
The author may be foreshadowing that Kaulana is going to go missing or that he may discover why so many people go missing.
Read pg. 306 and 307 and complete the close read questions. Make sure to cite examples in the text.