倒装句（ inversion ） 倒装是一种语法手段，为了强调句子中的某一部分把原来的语序重新调整， 通常将助动词、情态动词和动词放在动词前，称为倒装结构。 倒装有两种。将主语和谓语完全颠倒过来，叫作完全倒装；如果把助动词 或情态动词放在主语之前，就叫作部分倒装。 一 完全倒装： 1 ． There be 句型： There are 29 students in Class 2. There seems to be some misunderstanding about this matter between us. 2. 表地点的状语 there; here 以及表时间的状语 now; then 在句首时： There goes the bell. There lived an old man in the little house. Here comes the bus.Here is my answer to your question. Now comes your turn. Then came the time to say bye 3. 某些表方位的副词位于句首，如 up, in, out, down, back, off 等位于句首时：
Out rushed the boy students after class. Off went the disappointed father Away ran the thief. Down poured the heavy rain. 注意：代词 it, she, he, you, they 作主语时，主谓不到装，例如： Out he rushed.Here she comes. Up they climbed. Here it is. 4. 形容词在句首时： Present at the meeting were some famouse professors from Beijing. Glad is the little girl who has jest got a present from her uncle. 5. 过去分词在句首时： Gone are the days when we Chinese were looked down. Seated in this classroom are the students from Class 2, Senior 3.
6. 现在分词在句首时： Standing by the door is our young class teacher. Sleeping on the desk is the boy named Tom. 7. 介词短语在句首时： Among the students are some teachers in our school. In this classroom are several students whose hobbies are nothing but math. 注意：上述四类句子在句中都作表语。 8. 代词 so, neither, nor 在句首时 : If you don’t go there, neither shall I. He is interested in English. So am I. “My room is not large.” Nor is mine. 9. 某些条件从句（虚拟语气）：
Were I you, I would not go there. Not until he failed to get the job did he realize the importance of study. Had I the money, I would buy the car. 二．部分倒装： 1 ．某些表否定的副词 never, seldom, little, hardly, scarcely, barely, no sooner, not only, not until 等位于句首时： Never in my life have I seen such a person like him. No sooner had I entered the room than it began to rain. Hardly had he got to the bus-stop when the bus began to leave. Not only did I hear it,but I saw it as well. Little did I think that he was the very man I had looked for. 2 ．某些带有否定词的短语 In no time, On no account, Under no circumstances, By no means, Not once 等在句首时：
Under no circumstances could we give up. By no means am I satisfied with what he said at the meeting. Not once has she lied to me. 3. 以 only 开头后接时间、地点的介词短语或从句时： Only in this way can you finish your work in time. Only when you do it by yourself will you be able to know what it is. Only by working hard can you get what you want. 注意： only 后要是接名词的话不倒装。 例： Only Mr Li knew the answer. 4. So, such, often 等表程度的副词在句首时： So surprised was she that she couldn’t say a word. Such was the power of his father that he got the job without any difficulties. Often did he told us not to keep contact with that person.
Run as you will, you will not escape being caught. 5. 某些让步状语从句： Work as I would day and night, I saw no signs of succe Try as she would, she might not pass the test. Come what may, we must trust each other. Go where you will, you must obey the law. 注：一些名词，形容词，分词，副词也可以用于倒装句，但是主谓不倒装。例： Young as he was,he succeeded in his business.( 形容词在前 ) Girl as she is,she is brave. （名词在前） Engaged as he was in his work, he didn’t hear the knock of the door （分词在前） Much as I like you, I will not love you.( 副词在前 )
1. Out-------, with a stick in his hand. A. Did he B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush 2. The bus hit against a tree in the fog and ------ to the deep valley, with ten passengers killed. A. down did it roll B. down rolled it C. it down rolled D. down it rolled 3. So fast--- that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. A. light travels B. travels light C. does light travel D. has light travelled 4.------------, you can’t lift the heavy box up. A. Even you are strong B. Strong as you are C. How strong you are D. As you are strong 5.Early in the day----- the enemy were gone. A. the news that came B. came the news that C. did the news come that D. came the news which 6.Not only---- to stay at home, but he was also forbidden to see his friends. A. that he was forced B. he was forced C. had he been forced D. was he forced 7.Not until his father was out of prison----- to school. A. that John could go B. John couldn’t go C. could John go D. John could go 8.Little----- about his own health though he was very ill. A. he cared B. did he care C. has he cared D. he would care 9.Hardly---- down when he stepped in. A. I sat B. I had sat C. did I sit D. had I sat 10. Nowhere else along the coast--- such shallow water so far from land. A. is there B. there is C. it is D. is it —---—--- --- — —
11. Only when you realize the importance of foreign languages----- them well. A. You can learn B. can you learn C. that you can learn D. and you can learn 12.------ new data on this subject. A. Presented in the paper are B. presenting in the paper is C. Presenting in the paperare D. Presented in the paper is 13. No sooner------asleep---- she heard a knock at the door. A. had she fallen; when B. had she fallen; than C. did she fall; than D. did she fall; when 14.----- whether we will have our meeting this week. A. Only dies he know B. Only did he know C. Only he knows D. Only knows he 15.------ today, he would get there by Friday. A. Would he leave B. Were he leaving C. Were he to come D. Had he left 16.On no account---- such a silly descision. A. will we agree to B. we will agree to C. will we agree with D. we will agree with 17.So ------- that no fish can live in it. A. the river is polluted B. polluted the river is C. polluted is the river D. is the river polluted 18.------ will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. A. At the same time B. At no time C. At a time D. At that time
19.We don’t need air conditioning, --------. A. nor can we afford it B. and nor we can afford it C. neither can afford it D. and we can neither afford it 20.------- from the tenth floor when the policeman pointed his pistol at him. A. Jumped down the burglar B. Down the burglar jumped C. Down jumped the burglar D. Down did the burglar jump 21.We have been told that under no circumstances---- the telephone in the office for personal affairs. A. may we use B. we may use C. we could use D. did we use 22.-------- the door than somebody started knocking on it. A. I had closed no sooner B. I had no sooner closed C. No sooner have I closed D. No sooner I closed 23.------, I couldn’t lift the box. A. As I might try B. Try althought I might C. As try I might D. Try as I might 24.They would certainly have come and helped us ---- time. A. did they have B. had they had C. had they have D. would they have 25.After the war---------. A. was followed by a long period of political confusion. B. a llong period of political confusion followed. C. did a long period of political confusion follow. D. followed a long period of political confusion.