Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

11/03/03RPI ECSE-69621 ESRT: Event-to-Sink Reliable Transport in Wireless Sensor Networks[Sankarasubramaniam et. al, ACM MobiHoc 2003] Prepared by A. ABOUZEID.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "11/03/03RPI ECSE-69621 ESRT: Event-to-Sink Reliable Transport in Wireless Sensor Networks[Sankarasubramaniam et. al, ACM MobiHoc 2003] Prepared by A. ABOUZEID."— Presentation transcript:

1 11/03/03RPI ECSE ESRT: Event-to-Sink Reliable Transport in Wireless Sensor Networks[Sankarasubramaniam et. al, ACM MobiHoc 2003] Prepared by A. ABOUZEID

2 11/03/03RPI ECSE Event Detection in a WSN Event! A sensor node A sensor node that can sense the event Sink wants reliable event detection with minimum energy expenditure

3 11/03/03RPI ECSE Motivation A sink is only interested in the collective information from a number of source nodes and not in individual sensor reports Event-to-sink communication Different from traditional notion of end-to-end communication Energy-efficient Congestion resolution

4 11/03/03RPI ECSE Problem Statement To configure the reporting rate f of source nodes so as to achieve the required event detection reliability R at the sink with minimum resource utilization Also resolve congestion

5 11/03/03RPI ECSE Typical Behavior at a Sink Network gets congested sooner with increasing number of source nodes Linear increase with f Congestion: Reliability level is always lower than the peak point

6 11/03/03RPI ECSE CongestedNot Congested Lower reliability than required Higher reliability than required OOR Five characteristic regions Goal: To stay in OOR where energy expenditure is optimal

7 11/03/03RPI ECSE Congestion Detection Congestion status is required at the sink to determine the network state Based on expectation of buffer overflow at sensor nodes During a single interval, f and n do not change much If pending congestion is detected CN bit is set in event reports

8 11/03/03RPI ECSE ESRT Actions Network State Action (NC,LR)Multiplicatively increase f Achieve required reliability ASAP OORStay (NC,HR)Decrease f conservatively Cautiously reduce energy consumption while not compromising reliability (C,HR)Decrease f carefully but aggressively to (NC,HR) to relieve congestion Then, follow (NC,HR) behavior (C,LR)Decrease f exponentially to relieve congestion ASAP

9 11/03/03RPI ECSE ESRT State Diagram Not all transitions are possible (e.g. From (C,HR), ESRT cannot transition to (NC,LR))

10 11/03/03RPI ECSE Stability of ESRT ESRT converges to OOR from any of four initial states {(NC,LR), (NC,HR), (C,HR), (C,LR)} From (NC,HR), ESRT stays in the state until converges to OOR Convergence time depends on ε – smaller ε causes longer convergence time

11 11/03/03RPI ECSE Simulation Setup Ns-2 simulator 200 sensor nodes 100m x 100m area 40m transmission range 30 byte packets 65 packets IFQ 10 sec decision interval (τ)

12 11/03/03RPI ECSE From (NC,LR) Reaches OOR in two intervals

13 11/03/03RPI ECSE From (NC,HR) ESRT stays in (NC,HR) until reaching OOR in five intervals

14 11/03/03RPI ECSE (C,HR) to (NC,HR) then OOR

15 11/03/03RPI ECSE (C,LR) to (NC,LR) then OOR

16 11/03/03RPI ECSE Power savings from (NC,HR) Reporting rate gets reduced conservatively while maintaining reliability

17 11/03/03RPI ECSE Conclusion ESRT provides a reliable event-to-sink communication Self-configuration Energy awareness Uses minimum energy while achieving required reliability Congestion control Collective identification Individual sensor ID is not necessary Biased implementation Almost entirely in sink

18 11/03/03RPI ECSE Questions Definition of reliability as number of received packets? Is ESRT congestion detection accurate and reliable? ESRT action heavily depends on the congestion state What if the congestion reports are inconsistent due to partial congestion or underlying path oscillation? What is the effect of inaccurate congestion state detection on ESRT? Is it reasonable assumption that a sink is capable of broadcasting to all the source nodes ? what if R is higher than the peak point?

19 11/03/03RPI ECSE Questions continued Out of band? If in-band, how to deal with congestion? What if the density of source nodes is too low to meet the required reliability with fast reporting? In other words,


Download ppt "11/03/03RPI ECSE-69621 ESRT: Event-to-Sink Reliable Transport in Wireless Sensor Networks[Sankarasubramaniam et. al, ACM MobiHoc 2003] Prepared by A. ABOUZEID."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google