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Examples: To the court: “You cannot accept the testimony of this person, he is a convicted felon” A makes claim X There is something wrong about A Therefore X is wrong

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Examples: “There are two many viruses on the internet. Therefore if you log in without an antivirus, you will definitely get a virus” A is possible Therefore… A is inevitable

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Examples: “You cannot prove that there are no Martians living in caves on planet Mars, therefore it is OK for me to believe there are” There is no evidence for A Therefore A is false There is no evidence against A Therefore A is true

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Examples: “Some say vaccines are bad for babies but the WHO says they are good, so the truth must be somewhere in the middle” A says X B says Y Then Z which is in the middle of X and Y must be correct

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Examples: “Andreas Hoca is the best professor, because no one at Zirve University is as good as him” A is good Because A is nice, excellent, magnificent Therefore A is good

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Examples: “The PM said they will not fund the submarines program. I totally disagree, I don’t see why he wants to leave the country defenseless like that” A says X B present X as Y B attacks Y

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Examples: “1 is a square number, 3, 5, 7 are prime, 9 is square, 11 is prime. Therefore all odd numbers are either squares or primes” X% of A are B Therefore all A are B

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Examples: “You should avoid garlic cause garlic consumption decreases your blood pressure, and you will feel exhausted” X, Y, and Z prove A Q,R, and S disprove A We only use X, Y, and Z

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Examples: “You should not talk to your shell phone all the time. It will hurt your brain…everyone knows that!” A, B, C….Z believe X is correct Therefore X is correct

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Examples: “If we allow gay marriage, next thing you will know, people will ask for polygamy” If A happens Then be will happen

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Examples: “Saddam must have WMD, the president would never lie to us about it” A says B is correct A has authority B must be correct

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Examples: “I thought you are a good student, but I saw you out having fun the night before the finals” Either A or B are correct

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Cognitive Biases 2 Incomplete and Unrepresentative Data.

Cognitive Biases 2 Incomplete and Unrepresentative Data.

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