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To use picture clues, media clips and the Muslim concept of Jihad to understand Muslim attitudes to war.

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Presentation on theme: "To use picture clues, media clips and the Muslim concept of Jihad to understand Muslim attitudes to war."— Presentation transcript:

1 To use picture clues, media clips and the Muslim concept of Jihad to understand Muslim attitudes to war.

2 Grade C All will be able to describe the meaning of ‘greater’ and ‘lesser’ JIHAD and explain why the concept of ‘lesser JIHAD’ is often misunderstood. Grade B Most will be able to examine quotes from the Qur’an and explain their meaning. Grade A/A* Some will be able to express an opinion on whether it is ever ethical for a Muslim to fight in a war. Grade C All will be able to describe the meaning of ‘greater’ and ‘lesser’ JIHAD and explain why the concept of ‘lesser JIHAD’ is often misunderstood. Grade B Most will be able to examine quotes from the Qur’an and explain their meaning. Grade A/A* Some will be able to express an opinion on whether it is ever ethical for a Muslim to fight in a war.

3 What do you think the word STRUGGLE means? Write a definition OR a list of words OR ideas to explain this word. Struggle means to do something with difficulty in an attempt to reach a goal.

4 The main Muslim attitude to war is that it is part of Muslim struggle (JIHAD) – Muslims believe that it may be necessary to go to war to achieve JUSTICE as long as the war is JUST. The Muslim version of a JUST WAR (sometimes known as a HOLY WAR) has slight different conditions to the Christian version.

5 The word Islam comes from the word SALAAM, meaning PEACE. It also means submission. Muslims are taught that they should work or fight for JUSTICE. ALL Muslims will avoid WAR if possible.

6 Watch the following clip carefully... 1.What does the term JIHAD mean? 2.There are TWO types of JIHAD what are they?

7 The Qur’an teaches Muslims that in order to follow the will of Allah, people will face many struggles, both inside themselves and in the world.

8 A personal effort made by every Muslim to devote his or her life to carrying out Allah's will and fight against evil. There are TWO types of JIHAD 1.GREATER JIHAD What do you think this struggle involves? 2. LESSER JIHAD What do you think this struggle involves? 1.GREATER JIHAD What do you think this struggle involves? 2. LESSER JIHAD What do you think this struggle involves? 1.GREATER (inner) JIHAD struggle that Muslims face within themselves. 2. LESSER (Physical) JIHAD Struggle with the outside world 1.GREATER (inner) JIHAD struggle that Muslims face within themselves. 2. LESSER (Physical) JIHAD Struggle with the outside world

9 Set up your book in the following way… Use the following slides to help you make notes JIHAD Greater Lesser

10 This is the conflict of good and evil within ourselves. Using your mini whiteboards can you work out what GREATER JIHAD involves from the following pictures...? The struggle that Muslims face within themselves.

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12 I want a hat and scarf!

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14 Visit mosque regular

15 Study Quran regular

16 Help the poor and needy

17 Be a good friend and neighbour

18 How is HAJJ a good example of GREATER JIHAD?

19 This is physical struggle – although Islam is a religion of peace the Qur’an teaches that there are certain circumstances where the use of violence is permitted. Using your mini whiteboards and the following slides can you work out why violence is sometimes permitted... The struggle that Muslims face with the world.

20 The Qur’an teaches must fight if they are attacked.

21 Muhammad did it – so its ok! Muhammad himself fought in wars and many of his teachings permit war.

22 Those who die in a holy war will go straight to heaven.

23 Which is more difficult to achieve, the GREATER or LESSER jihad? Why?

24 Grade C All will be able to describe the meaning of ‘greater’ and ‘lesser’ JIHAD. Grade C All will be able to describe the meaning of ‘greater’ and ‘lesser’ JIHAD.

25 Watch the following clip carefully... Why is the concept of JIHAD often misunderstood by non-Muslims? Watch the following clip carefully... Why is the concept of JIHAD often misunderstood by non-Muslims?

26 This is mostly a stereotype fed by the media who misunderstand many aspects of Muslim life. Jihad is often linked to terrorists and terrorism as they misuse the concept of Jihad to justify their actions. The idea of Jihad is often misunderstood by non-Muslims who then see Islam as being a violent religion, when the vast majority of Muslims are peaceful.

27 Although jihad does not mean war, many Muslims believe that the fight against evil and the preservation of Islam may justify going into battle. This is then described as Harb-al-Muqadis, which is technically a Holy War.

28 Grade C All will be able to explain why the concept of ‘lesser JIHAD’ is often misunderstood. Grade C All will be able to explain why the concept of ‘lesser JIHAD’ is often misunderstood.

29 Read each QUOTE and write down what you think it means – what is it teaching Muslims about WAR? Muslim teachings on WAR… Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress (break the rules). Allah does not like transgressors. (Qur’an 2:190) Permission (to fight) has been given to those who are being fought, because they were wronged. And indeed, Allah is competent to give them victory. (Qur’an 22:39) And what is (the matter) with you that you fight not in the cause of Allah and (for) the oppressed among men, women and children. (Qur’an 4:75) And if two parties among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two… in justice and act justly. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly. (Qur’an 49:9) If anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. (Qur’an 5:32) I think this means…

30 I say its OK! Can you work out the 6 conditions of a Muslim JUST/HOLY war from the picture clues? THINK – PAIR – SHARE (everyone on their mini whiteboards) Now match these 6 conditions up to the QUOTES from the Qur’an. JUST CAUSE = Defence of Islam Self- defence Fighting injustice All other non-violent methods must have failed! It must END when the enemy surrenders. War must be authorised by a Muslim Authority! This is called FATWA! It must be fought with the MINIMUM amount of suffering and innocent civilians MUST NOT be killed. It should aim to restore PEACE and FREEDOM NOW think about the SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCES to the JUST WAR criteria. Create a KEY and highlight these on your mind map.

31 JUST CAUSE = Defence of Islam Self- defence Fighting injustice

32 All other non-violent methods must have failed!

33 I say YES! War must be authorised by a Muslim Authority! This is called FATWA!

34 It must be fought with the MINIMUM amount of suffering and innocent civilians MUST NOT be killed.

35 It must END when the enemy surrenders.

36 It should aim to restore PEACE and FREEDOM

37 Choose ONE similarity and ONE difference… How are they SIMILAR? Explain your response How are they SIMILAR? Explain your response How are they DIFFERENT? Explain your response How are they DIFFERENT? Explain your response

38 Grade B Most will be able to examine quotes from the Qur’an and explain their meaning. Grade B Most will be able to examine quotes from the Qur’an and explain their meaning.

39 A growing number of Muslims (such as the Muslim Peace Fellowship) have a more PACIFIST view... WHY? This is because... The word Islam is Arabic for PEACE – PEACE is therefore at the heart of their faith. WMD and nuclear weapons cannot follow the rules of lesser Jihad as innocent people will always be killed. There are always other means to gain PEACE instead of war. Violence only leads to more violence – it increases hatred. References in the Qur’an relate to the past not the present. HOWEVER they too will accept WAR as a LAST RESORT. This is because... The word Islam is Arabic for PEACE – PEACE is therefore at the heart of their faith. WMD and nuclear weapons cannot follow the rules of lesser Jihad as innocent people will always be killed. There are always other means to gain PEACE instead of war. Violence only leads to more violence – it increases hatred. References in the Qur’an relate to the past not the present. HOWEVER they too will accept WAR as a LAST RESORT.

40 In your answer you should refer to one religion other than Christianity. ‘A religious person should not fight in a war’ (i)Do YOU agree? I…… because… I also…… because… Finally I… because…. (i)Do YOU agree? I…… because… I also…… because… Finally I… because…. (ii) Give reasons why some people might disagree WITH YOU. Some people might disagree with me because… Also… Finally… (ii) Give reasons why some people might disagree WITH YOU. Some people might disagree with me because… Also… Finally… REMEMBER: Points should be DETAILED Swap with a partner and mark each others work in GREEN PEN The type of question (D) and the marks for each question (6). Please comment – giving a POSITIVE and a TARGET

41 Grade A/A* Some will be able to express an opinion on whether it is ever ethical for a Muslim to fight in a war. Grade A/A* Some will be able to express an opinion on whether it is ever ethical for a Muslim to fight in a war.

42 We will look at 4 events that some have claimed to be examples JIHAD... Use what we have learnt in today's lesson to decide whether you think each of these to be an example of Jihad – Explain your response to each example. We will look at 4 events that some have claimed to be examples JIHAD... Use what we have learnt in today's lesson to decide whether you think each of these to be an example of Jihad – Explain your response to each example. Now we know what we do about GREATER and LESSER JIHAD we can make a decision over recent events and dismiss any misconceptions...

43 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjtLK2Tdv HE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjtLK2Tdv HE

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47 One thing I have learnt today is... One thing that has surprised me this lesson is... One thing I would like to know more about is...


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