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Paleolithic and Neolithic

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Presentation on theme: "Paleolithic and Neolithic"— Presentation transcript:

1 Paleolithic and Neolithic
Unit 1

Bellringer Practice walking in, picking up papers by the door and placing your homework in the in box before the bell rings. ALL CELL PHONE SHOULD BE TURNED OFF!

3 Review Procedures Entering class
Take today’s papers Sharpen pencils, etc. Start the Bellringer “On time” means in your seat working when the bell rings

4 Procedures Leaving the room Bathroom/water/nurse ask before leaving.
Wait till all instructions have been given. Interrupt class for emergencies End of class: clean up supplies, move desks to where they belong, wait for teacher to dismiss you

5 Agenda Bellringer Stations Review Begin on Homework
Day 2 Bellringer Stations Station 1: Time and Timelines Station 2: Charts and Graphs Station 3: Textbook scavenger hunt Station 4: Vocabulary Words m(1-18)/ Maps Review Begin on Homework

6 Skills Objectives S S Students will be able to…
Identify and locate key features of the textbook. Take effective notes from textbook readings. S S

7 Textbooks You break it (or lose it), you bought it!
Make sure your name is in it Make sure my name is in it Make sure the Textbook List is filled out completely and legibly

8 Stations Directions You will have 15 minutes at each station
Complete packet located in each folder You may work in pairs within your group NO MORE than 3 per group When time is up pass folder to the next group

9 Stations Review Station 1: Time and Timelines
Station 2: Charts and Graphs Station 3: Textbook scavenger hunt Station 4: Vocabulary Words/ Maps

10 Vocabulary Words

11 Prehistory Objective #1
Prehistory – the time in human history before the invention of writing What sources can we use to understand the “prehistoric” world? What this? This help you identify which objective this slide is related to! VOCABULARY word! With definition!

12 Unwritten History Oral histories Drawings Stuff they left behind

13 Oral Histories Storytellers prized in many cultures, and stories are passed down for generations Problems: “Whisper down the lane” effect Dead people don’t tell stories

14 Drawings Mostly, cave paintings Famous pictures from Lascaux (France)


16 Cave Paintings Art is in the eye of the beholder Stories?
Actual events? Religious beliefs? Nice pictures? Textbooks?

17 Artifacts Something made by people VOCABULARY word!

18 Fossils Solidified remains of living things

19 Using Artifacts Some assembly required
Like a giant puzzle with no idea what the picture will be What if we use things for different purposes? If we know what, do we know when? Some things get lost

20 Objective #2 Studying the Past Archeology Anthropology

21 Archeology The study of the human past by examining artifacts and remains Excavation Hoping to find ancient settlements, burial sites, tools, etc.

22 Carbon Dating A scientific test used to analyze the age of artifacts and fossils (based on the half-life decay of Carbon-14… ask a science teacher) Pretty accurate for the last 40,000 years or so

23 Anthropology Study of human origins, relationships, and cultures
Try to determine how humans evolved (physically and culturally) Archeology is a subfield of anthropology What is culture?

24 Objective #3 Culture Culture is a system of beliefs, values, and assumptions about life that guide behavior and are shared by a group of people Everyone has culture What does culture include?

25 Homework Buy a notebook. Bring by next class
Read: Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Societies Read Directions carefully!

26 Bellringer Pull out the following items
Syllabus Your homework Vocabulary words Grab the following (will need to share!) Glue Scissors

27 Agenda Bellringer: Setting up interactive notebook
Preview (aka: Bellringer) Notes Working with book Working independently Discussion Process Homework

28 Objectives 1: Identify the characteristics of Prehistoric man, and their migration patterns throughout the prehistoric world 2: List the major advances early humans made during the Paleolithic Era. 3: Describe hunter-gatherer life.

29 Interactive notebook Why: Expectations To help student to be organized
Allow student to become more active with their learning Expectations Placing all required work in notebook Leaving notebook in class room Will use a folder to carry homework in

30 Notebook Set up On the back of the front cover: First page 2nd Page
Syllabus First page Front: table of contents (pg1) Back: level of questioning (pg2) 2nd Page Front Ms. Heath’s Rule of World History (pg3) Back: Page one of Vocabulary words (pg 4) 3rd page Front: page two of vocabulary words (pg 5) Back: Preview activity (pg6)

31 Notebook Set up Any Questions???
Glue the notes and Process on the next pages Any Questions??? From now on when you walk Collect your notebook Glue homework in Cut and glue in Preview I will give you directions on the notes and process Either in the powerpoint or after I get class started

32 Objective #2 Early Humans

33 Early Humans Start our story at the dawn of the Paleolithic Era, about 2.5 million years ago the Old Stone Age Humans created the first tools made out of stone

34 Better than Monkeys Early humans developed
Simple stone tools Control of fire Oral language All keys to cooperating in hunts, which bring food and resources

35 Wise Man Smarter, larger-brained humans known as homo sapiens (Latin for “wise man”) Developed technology Clothing Shelter Art Homo sapiens are modern humans

36 Out of Africa Homo sapiens arose in Africa about 200,000 years ago
Migration to all continents (except Antarctica) beginning around 100,000 years ago


38 Objective #3 Hunter-gatherer Life People Profiles

39 Source of Food Hunting Gathering Get it? Hunter-gatherers!
Main source, whatever they could catch, kill, and cook! Gathering Wild fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, etc. Get it? Hunter-gatherers!

40 Size of Groups Small groups Why?
Clans: people, one or a few extended families Why?

41 Permanent Settlements
No! They were nomads Why move? Follow herds No food left Seasons change Too cold or hot No water left

42 Location Factors Mainly, Paleolithic (and prehistoric) people followed their food Animals migrate, so did the people Overpopulation (of people) Overconsumption (of resources in one spot)

43 Getting Along Cooperation was necessary for survival
Knew everyone in their clan – all relatives No private property – no where to put it No fighting other groups – no one around Finding food…just not that hard

44 Bellringer Have completed 10minutes after the bell
Collect your notebook Cut and glue all items into notebook Finish Process from last class and begin working on Preview for lesson 2 REMEMBER the order! Preview (can begin once completed) Notes Process homework from last night

45 Agenda Preview: Discussion Activity Lecture Reading Process

46 Homework DO NOT LOSE IT! Study for Test
Will be allowed to take home your notebook DO NOT LOSE IT!

47 Neolithic Age Neolithic Age means:
New Stone Age How did Neolithic Age differ from Paleolithic Age? Learnt to polish tools Make pottery Grow crops and domesticated animals

48 Neolithic Revolution Shift from hunting and gathering to farming

49 Neolithic Revolution Cont.
Provided a steady source of food and extra Causing Need to store food Permanent Settlement Population growth Specialization and Organization

50 Early Farming Methods Crops Animals Slash and burn faming
Cut tree or grass and burnt them to clear a field Ashes fertilized the soil Domestication taming of animals Happened slowly Human being to control some animals lives

51 Where did it happen? First seen in the fertile crescent
Later in river valleys

52 Example of Neolithic Activity
Stonehenge Started during the Neolithic Age and completed during the bronze Age Aleppo Ancient City which was a regional trading post

53 Homework Study Guide

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