Presentation on theme: "What is an Analogy? An analogy is a statement in which two word pairs share the same relationship."— Presentation transcript:
1 What is an Analogy?An analogy is a statement in which two word pairs share the same relationship.
2 finger: hand:: toe: foot Analogy TipsA typical analogy looks like this:finger: hand:: toe: footThe colon (:) means “is to” and the double colon (::) means “as.”The analogy is read “Finger to hand as toe is to foot.”asis tois tofingerhandtoefoot
4 Relationship Sentences The best way to figure out the relationship between a pair of words is to create a relationship sentence.A relationship sentence is a simple sentence that clearly shows the relationship between the two words.
5 Write a relationship sentence for the following: elm: treeThink: “An elm is a type of tree.”Test: Which of the following two word pairs is the correct analogy?A) rose: flowerB) grass : meadowelm: tree
6 Write: Relationship Sentences Elm is a type of tree.A rose is a type of flower That makes sense.A grass is a type of meadow That doesn’t make sense.The correct answer iselm : tree :: rose : flower
7 Relationship Sentences Sometimes a relationship sentence isn’t specific enough the first time around. When that happens, the relationship sentence needs to be adjusted.Here’s an example:bird : nest :: _________ : ___________a. goose : duckb. tree: forestc. water : rippled: bear : cave
8 bird : nest :: _________ : ___________ Example Analogybird : nest :: _________ : ___________a. goose : duckb. tree: forestc. water : rippled: bear : caveA relationship sentence for bird : nest might be,“A bird lives in a nest.”Another could be,“A bird builds a nest.”We have to test each choice by plugging it into the relationship sentence.
9 Analogies summon : dismiss :: _________ : __________ a. call : reply b. intend : tryc. intervene : meddled. gather : disperse1) what type of analogy is this?2) Write your relationship statement.
10 Analogies Complete the analogy. pacify : calm :: ___________ : _____________a. identify : mysteriousb. fortify : strongc. testify : suspiciousd. mortify : happy1) Write a relationship sentence.2) What type of analogy is this?